Milner, Helen V.

Sailing the Water's Edge : The Domestic Politics of American Foreign Policy. - 1 online resource (349 pages) - eBooks on Demand .

Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- CONTENTS -- List of Tables -- List of Figures -- Preface -- 1 INTRODUCTION -- Motivation and Focus -- Core Contributions -- What Is Foreign Policy? -- Presidential Power in Foreign Policy -- Overview of Our Theory -- Implications for US Foreign Policy -- Organization of the Book -- Conclusion -- 2 A THEORY OF PRESIDENTIAL POWER AND US FOREIGN POLICY -- Foreign Policy Instruments -- Distributive Politics and US Foreign Policy -- Political Ideology and the Extent of Ideological Divisions over US Foreign Policy -- Connecting to Policy Substitution -- Hypotheses: Presidential Influence and the Characteristics of Policy Instruments -- Alternative Explanations -- Conclusion -- 3 FOLLOW THE SAND DOLLARS: Interest Groups and American Foreign Policy Instruments -- What Are Interest Groups and What Do They Do? -- Testimony and Lobbying Data about Interest Groups across Foreign Policy Instruments -- Interest Groups and International Engagement -- Who Gets Lobbied? -- Conclusion -- 4 FROM THE FLOOR TO THE SHORE: Budget Politics and Roll Call Voting on US Foreign Policy -- When Do Presidents Get the Budgets They Request? -- The Voting-Legislating Connection -- Conclusion -- 5 CONTROLLING THE SAND CASTLE: The Design and Control of US Foreign Policy Agencies -- Institutional Design -- Analyzing Bureaucratic Control -- Case Studies -- Implications for Substitution -- Conclusion -- 6 THE VIEW FROM THE PUBLIC BEACH: Presidential Power and Substitution in American Public Opinion -- Public Opinion and Foreign Policy -- Chapter Outline -- The Role of the President: Information and Impact -- Ideological Divisions and Substitution across Foreign Policy Instruments -- Conclusion -- 7 AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY TOWARD SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA, 1993-2009: A Case Study of Policy Instrument Politics and Substitution. Sub-Saharan Africa Policy (1993-2001): The Clinton Years -- Sub-Saharan Africa Policy during the George W. Bush Administration (2001-2009) -- Conclusion -- 8 CONCLUSIONS -- Our Argument and Findings -- Important Implications for IR Theory -- Domestic Politics, Foreign Policy, Polarization, and Bipartisanship -- How Does Our Argument Apply to Other Countries? -- Limitations and Future Research -- Implications for American Foreign Policy -- Works Cited -- Index.

When engaging with other countries, the U.S. government has a number of different policy instruments at its disposal, including foreign aid, international trade, and the use of military force. But what determines which policies are chosen? Does the United States rely too much on the use of military power and coercion in its foreign policies? Sailing the Water's Edge focuses on how domestic U.S. politics-in particular the interactions between the president, Congress, interest groups, bureaucratic institutions, and the public-have influenced foreign policy choices since World War II and shows why presidents have more control over some policy instruments than others. Presidential power matters and it varies systematically across policy instruments. Helen Milner and Dustin Tingley consider how Congress and interest groups have substantial material interests in and ideological divisions around certain issues and that these factors constrain presidents from applying specific tools. As a result, presidents select instruments that they have more control over, such as use of the military. This militarization of U.S. foreign policy raises concerns about the nature of American engagement, substitution among policy tools, and the future of U.S. foreign policy. Milner and Tingley explore whether American foreign policy will remain guided by a grand strategy of liberal internationalism, what affects American foreign policy successes and failures, and the role of U.S. intelligence collection in shaping foreign policy. The authors support their arguments with rigorous theorizing, quantitative analysis, and focused case studies, such as U.S. foreign policy in Sub-Saharan Africa across two presidential administrations. Sailing the Water's Edge examines the importance of domestic political coalitions and institutions on the formation of American foreign policy.


Executive power--United States.
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Government / General.
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / Diplomacy.
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / General.
Presidents--United States--Decision making.
United States--Foreign relations--1989-.
United States--Foreign relations--Decision making.
United States--Military policy--Decision making.

Electronic books.