The eagle and the virgin : nation and cultural revolution in Mexico, 1920-1940 / edited by Mary Kay Vaughan and Stephen E. Lewis. - Durham [N.C.] : Duke University Press, 2006. - viii, 363 pages, 20 pages of plates : illustrations ; 25 cm

Includes bibliographical references and index.

The aesthetics of nation building -- The noche Mexicana and the exhibition of popular arts : two ways of exalting Indianness / Rick A. López -- The sickle, the serpent, and the soil : history, revolution, nationhood, and modernity in the murals of Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros / Desmond Rochfort -- Painting in the shadow of the big three: Frida Kahlo / Sarah M. Lowe -- María Izquierdo / Adriana Zavala -- The Mexican experience of Marion and Grace Greenwood / James Oles -- Mestizaje and musical nationalism in Mexico / Marco Velázquez and Mary Kay Vaughan -- Revolution in the city streets : changing nomenclature, changing form, and the revision of public memory / Patrice Elizabeth Olsen -- Utopian projects of the state -- Saints, sinners, and state formation : local religion and cultural revolution in Mexico / Adrian A. Bantjes -- Nationalizing the countryside : schools and rural communities in the 1930s / Mary Kay Vaughan -- The nation, education, and the "Indian Problem" in Mexico, 1920-1940 / Stephen E. Lewis -- For the health of the nation : gender and the cultural politics of social hygiene in Revolutionary Mexico / Katherine E. Bliss -- Mass communications and nation building -- Remapping identities : road construction and nation building in postrevolutionary Mexico / Wendy Waters -- National imaginings on the air : radio in Mexico, 1920-1950 / Joy Elizabeth Hayes -- Screening the nation / Joanne Hershfield -- Social constructions of nation -- An idea of Mexico : Catholics in the Revolution / Jean Meyer -- Guadalajaran women and the construction of national identity / María Teresa Fernández Aceves -- "We are all Mexicans here": workers, patriotism, and union struggles in Monterrey / Michael Snodgrass -- Final reflections : what was Mexico's cultural revolution? / Claudio Lomnitz.

When the fighting of the Mexican Revolution died down in 1920, the national government faced the daunting task of building a cohesive nation. It had to establish control over a disparate and needy population and prepare the country for global economic competition. As part of this effort, the government enlisted the energy of artists and intellectuals in cultivating a distinctly Mexican identity. It devised a project for the incorporation of indigenous peoples and oversaw a vast, innovative program in the arts. "The Eagle and the Virgin" examines the massive nation-building project Mexico undertook between 1920 and 1940. Contributors explore the nation-building efforts of the government, artists, entrepreneurs, and social movements; their contradictory, often conflicting intersection; and their inevitably transnational nature. Scholars of political and social history, communications, and art history describe the creation of national symbols, myths, histories, and heroes to inspire patriotism and transform workers and peasants into efficient, productive, gendered subjects. They analyze the aesthetics of nation building made visible in murals, music, and architecture; investigate state projects to promote health, anticlericalism, and education; and consider the role of mass communications, such as cinema and radio, and the impact of road building. They discuss how national identity was forged among social groups, specifically political Catholics, industrial workers, middle-class women, and indigenous communities. Most important, the volume weighs in on debates about the tension between the eagle (the modernizing secular state) and the Virgin of Guadalupe (the Catholic defense of faithand morality). It argues that despite bitter, violent conflict, the symbolic repertoire created to promote national identity and memory making eventually proved capacious enough to allow the eagle and the virgin to coexist peacefully.


Geschichte 1920-1940
Geschichte 1920-1940.

Arts--History--Mexico--20th century.
Art and state--History--Mexico--20th century.
Nationalism--History--Mexico--20th century.
Identity (Psychology)--Mexico.
Arts--Histoire--Mexique--20e siècle.
Art--Politique gouvernementale--Histoire--Mexique--20e siècle.
Nationalisme--Histoire--Mexique--20e siècle.
Identité (Psychologie)--Mexique.
Art and state.
Identity (Psychology)
Art--Politique gouvernementale--Mexique--Histoire--20e siècle.
Arts--Mexique--Histoire--20e siècle.
Identité (Psychologie)--Mexique.
Nationalisme--Mexique--Histoire--20e siècle.

Mexico--Civilization--20th century.
Mexique--Civilisation--20e siècle.
Mexique--Civilisation--20e siècle.


F1234 / .E15 2006