Lee, Erika.

At America's gates : Chinese immigration during the exclusion era, 1882-1943 / Erika Lee. - Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, c2003. - 331 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.

Includes bibliographical references (p. 295-310) and index.

Introduction -- PART I: CLOSING THE GATES: The Chinese are coming: how can we stop them? : Chinese exclusion and the origins of American gatekeeping -- The keepers of the gate: U.S. immigration officials and Chinese exclusion -- PART II: AT AMERICA'S GATES: Exclusion Acts: Race, class, gender, and citizenship in the enforcement of the exclusion laws -- One hundred kinds of oppressive laws: the Chinese response to American exclusion -- PART III: CRACKS IN THE GATE: Enforcing the borders: Chinese exclusion along the U.S.-Canadian and U.S.-Mexican borders -- The crooked path: Chinese illegal immigration and its consequences -- PART IV: THE CONSEQUENCES AND LEGACIES OF EXCLUSION: In the shadow of exclusion: The impact of exclusion on the Chinese in America -- EPILOGUE: Echoes of exclusion in the late Twentieth Century -- AFTERWORD: Following September 11, 2001.

0807827754 (alk. paper) 0807854484 (pbk. : alk. paper)



Chinese Americans--Social conditions--19th century.
Chinese Americans--Social conditions--20th century.
Chinese Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.--History.
Immigrants--History--United States--19th century.
Immigrants--History--United States--20th century.

United States--Emigration and immigration--History.
China--Emigration and immigration--History.
United States--Emigration and immigration--Government policy.
United States--Race relations.

E184.C5 / L523 2003