Herf, Jeffrey, 1947-

Divided memory : the Nazi past in the two Germanys / Jeffrey Herf. - Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1997. - 527 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.

Includes bibliographical references (p. 397-506) and index.

Multiple restorations and divided memory -- German communism's master narratives of antifascism : Berlin-Moscow- East Berlin, 1928-1945 -- From periphery to center : German communists and the Jewish question, Mexico City, 1942-1945 -- The Nuremberg interregnum : struggles for recognition in East Berlin, 1945-1949 -- Purging "cosmopolitanism" : the Jewish question in East Germany, 1949-1956 -- Memory and policy in East Germany from Ulbricht to Honecker -- The Nuremburg interregnum : divided memory in the Western zones, 1945-1949 -- Atonement, restitution, and justice delayed : West Germany, 1949-1963 -- Politics and memories since the 1960s -- Conclusion.

A significant new look at the legacy of the Nazi regime, this book exposes the workings of past beliefs and political interests in how - and how differently - the two Germanys have recalled the crimes of Nazism, from the anti-Nazi emigration of the 1930s through the establishment of a day of remembrance for the victims of National Socialism in 1996. Why, Jeffrey Herf asks, would German politicians raise the specter of crimes at all, in view of the considerable depth and breadth of support the Nazis held during their reign? Why did the public memory of Nazi anti-Jewish persecution and the Holocaust emerge, if selectively, in West Germany, yet was repressed and marginalized in "anti-fascist" East Germany? And how do the politics of left and right come into play in this divided memory? The answers reveal the surprising relationship between how the crimes of Nazism were publicly recalled and how East and West Germany separately evolved a Communist dictatorship and a liberal democracy. This book, for the first time, points to the impact of the Cold War confrontation in both West and East Germany on the public memory of anti-Jewish persecution and the Holocaust.

0674213033 (alk. paper) 9780674213036 (alk. paper)



Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany.
Antisemitism--Germany (East)
Antisemitism--Germany (West)
Historiography--Germany (East)
Historiography--Germany (West)
War criminals--Psychology.--Germany (East)
War criminals--Psychology.--Germany (West)
National socialism--Moral and ethical aspects.

D804.3 / .H474 1997