Catsam, Derek.

Freedom's main line : the journey of reconciliation and the freedom rides / Derek Charles Catsam. - Pbk. ed. - Lexington : University Press Of Kentucky, 2011 - xiv, 421 p. ; 23 cm. - Civil rights and the struggle for Black equality in the twentieth century . - Civil rights and the struggle for Black equality in the twentieth century. .

Includes bibliographical references (p. 381-403) and index.

Prologue: From Bigger Thomas to Henry Thomas -- Introduction : how the Freedom Rides were born (and what they mean) -- 1. "We challenged Jim Crow" : the journey of reconciliation and the emergence of direct action civil rights protest in the 1940s -- 2. Erasing the badge of inferiority : segregated interstate transport on the ground and in the courts, 1941-1960 -- 3. "The last supper" : preparing for the Freedom Rides -- 4. "Hallelujah, I'm a travelin'!" Freedom riding through the old dominion -- 5. The Carolinas -- 6. "Blazing hell" : from Georgia into Alabama -- 7. The Magic City : showdown in Birmingham -- 8. "I'm riding the front seat to Montgomery this time" : the students take control -- 9. "We've come too far to turn back" : Montgomery -- 10. Mississippi : "that irreducible citadel of southernism" -- 11. Jailed in : from Jackson City jail to Parchman Farm -- 12. Conclusion : legacies of the Freedom Rides.

"Freedom's main line... argues that the Freedom Rides, a turning point in the Civil Rights Movement, were a logical, natural evolution in the struggle for civil rights. Following models provided by previous challenges to segregation, such as the Journey of Reconciliation, they relied on the principles of nonviolence common in the larger movement. The impact of the Freedom Rides, however, was unprecedented, fixing the issue of civil rights firmly in the national consciousness. Later activists were often dubbed Freedom Riders even if they never set foot on a bus." -- Cover, p. [4].

0813133777 9780813133775 (pbk.)


Freedom Rides, 1961.
African Americans--Civil rights--History--Southern States--20th century.
African Americans--Segregation--History--Southern States--20th century.
Civil rights demonstrations--History--Southern States--20th century.
Segregation in transportation--History--Southern States--20th century.


Southern States--Race relations--History--20th century.