Pruitt, Bernadette.

The Other Great Migration : The Movement of Rural African Americans to Houston, 1900-1941 - College Station : Texas A&M University Press, 2013. - 1 online resource (482 p.) - eBooks on Demand Sam Rayburn Series on Rural Life, sponsored by Texas A&M University-Commerce ; v.21 . - Sam Rayburn Series on Rural Life, sponsored by Texas A&M University-Commerce .

Front Cover; Title Page; Contents; Foreword; Preface; Introduction; Chapter One. Pulling Up the Stakes: The Great Migration to Houston, 1900-1930; Chapter Two. Building a City: Migrant Settlements in Houston, 1900-1941; Chapter Three. Beautiful People: Agency in Houston, 1900-1941; Chapter Four. "That Was Their Protection and Safeguard": Houston's "New Negro," 1917-1941; Chapter Five. In "The Garden of Eden": The Houston Renaissance, 1900-1941; Chapter Six. The Black Economy at Work: Wage Earners, Professionals, Economic Crisis, and the Origins of the Second Great Migration, 1900-1941 Conclusion: New Beginnings, New Institutions, New MigrationsNotes; Bibliography; Index; Back Cover

The twentieth century has seen two great waves of African American migration from rural areas into the city, changing not only the country's demographics but also black culture. In her thorough study of migration to Houston, Bernadette Pruitt portrays the move from rural to urban homes in Jim Crow Houston as a form of black activism and resistance to racism.Between 1900 and 1950 nearly fifty thousand blacks left their rural communities and small towns in Texas and Louisiana for Houston. Jim Crow proscription, disfranchisement, acts of violence and brutality, and rural poverty pushed them from their homes; the lure of social advancement and prosperity based on urban-industrial development drew them. Houston's close proximity to basic minerals, innovations in transportation, increased trade, augmented economic revenue, and industrial development prompted white families, commercial businesses, and industries near the Houston Ship Channel to recruit blacks and other immigrants to the city as domestic laborers and wage earners.Using census data, manuscript collections, government records, and oral history interviews, Pruitt details who the migrants were, why they embarked on their journeys to Houston, the migration networks on which they relied, the jobs they held, the neighborhoods into which they settled, the culture and institutions they transplanted into the city, and the communities and people they transformed in Houston.

9781623490034 55.00 (NL)

African Americans -- Texas -- Houston -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
African-Americans -- Texas -- Houston -- Migrations -- History -- 20th century.
Community development -- Texas -- Houston -- History -- 20th century.
Houston (Tex.) -- Race relations -- History -- 20th century.
Houston (Tex.) -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
Migration, Internal -- Texas -- Houston -- History -- 20th century.
Rural-urban migration -- Texas -- Houston -- History -- 20th century.

Electronic books.

F394 .H89 N48 2013

305.896 305.89607307641411