Campbell, Randolph B.

An Empire for Slavery : The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1821--1865 - Baton Rouge : LSU Press, 1991. - 1 online resource (321 p.) - eBooks on Demand .

Cover; Contents; Preface; Introduction; 1 The Colonial Period, 1821-1835: "Texas Must Be a Slave Country"; 2 Slavery in the Texas Revolution, 1835-1836: "A Dull, Organic Ache"; 3 Growth and Expansion, 1836-1861: "The Empire State of the South"; 4 The Economics of Slavery in Texas: "We Want More Slaves, We Need Them"; 5 The Law of Slavery in Texas: "Negroes Are, in This Country, Prima Facie Slaves"; 6 Work and Responsibility: "From Can See to Can't See"; 7 Material Conditions and Physical Treatment: "A Tight Fight"; 8 Family, Religion, and Music: "The Strength to Endure" 9 Behavioral Patterns and the Desire for Freedom: "The Best We Could"10 Texas Slaveholders: "Working Negroes to an Advantage"; 11 A Slaveholding Society: "Those Who Are Not For Us, Must Be Against Us"; 12 The Civil War and "Juneteenth," 1861-1865: "Free, Free My Lord"; Conclusions; Appendix 1. The Federal Writers' Project Slave Narratives as a Historical Source; Appendix 2. Slave Populations of Texas Counties in Selected Years, 1837-1864; Appendix 3. County Records as a Source of Information on Slavery in Texas; Appendix 4. Texas' Largest Slaveholders in 1860; Bibliography; Index; A; B; C; D EF; G; H; I; J; K; L; M; N; O; P; Q; R; S; T; U; V; W; Y; Z

Because Texas emerged from the western frontier relatively late in the formation of the antebellum nation, it is frequently and incorrectly perceived as fundamentally western in its political and social orientation. In fact, most of the settlers of this region were emigrants from the South, and many of these people brought with them their slaves and all aspects of slavery as it had matured in their natives states. In An Empire for Slavery, Randolph B. Campbell examines slavery in the antebellum South's newest state and reveals how central slavery was to Texas history. The "peculiar institution" was perhaps the most important factor in determining the economic development and ideological orientation of the state in the years leading to the Civil War. Campbell points out that although the area of slaveholding in Texas covered only two-fifths of the state by 1860, this area alone was as large as Alabama and Mississippi combined and constituted "a virtual empire for slavery." By the outbreak of the Civil War, the proportion of slaveholders and slaves in Texas was comparable to that of Virginia, the oldest slaveholding state in the Union.Utilizing records such as federal censuses, wills and other probate papers, and the WPA slave narratives, Campbell raises a number of questions concerning the nature of slavery in Texas. What factors encouraged the adoption of slavery? Under what conditions did the Texas slaves exist? What was the societal impact of slavery in this new state? How did the Civil War itself affect slavery in the state? Campbell also reviews the proslavery argument put forward by many early Texas statesmen. What emerges is a picture of a state whose political future was sen as dependent upon the continuance of slavery and whose role in the Civil War was determined by this choice. As a result of this study, Texas is revealed as a state not unlike those of the older South. An Empire for Slavery is the first examination of the "peculiar institution" as it existed in Texas. Historians and general readers alike will find it an essential examination of the region, the period, and the phenomenon of slavery.

9780807161708 28.00 (NL)

African Americans -- Texas -- History -- 19th century.
Slavery -- Texas -- History -- 19th century.
Texas -- History -- 1846-1950.
Texas -- History -- To 1846.
Texas -- Race relations.

Electronic books.

E445.T47 C35 1991