Carving nature at its joints : natural kinds in metaphysics and science / edited by Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke, and Matthew H. Slater. - 1 online resource (viii, 355 pages). - JSTOR eBooks Topics in 8contemporary philosophy . - Topics in contemporary philosophy. .

"A Bradford book."

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Introduction : lessons from the scientific butchery / Induction, samples, and kinds / It takes more than all kinds to make a world / Lange and laws, kinds, and counterfactuals / Are fundamental laws necessary or contingent? / Para-natural kinds / Boundaries, conventions, and realism / Natural kinds and biological realisms / Three ways of resisting essentialism about natural kinds / Arthritis and nature's joints / Predicting populations by modeling individuals / Similarity and species concepts / Species concepts and natural goodness / How to think about the free will/determinism problem / Matthew H. Slater and Andrea Borghini -- Peter Godfrey-Smith -- Alexander Bird -- Alexander Bird -- Noa Latham -- Roy Sorensen -- Achille C. Varzi -- Michael Devitt -- Bence Nanay -- Neil E. Williams -- Bruce Glymour -- Jason G. Rheins -- Judith K. Crane and Ronald Sandler -- Kadri Vihvelin.

"Contemporary discussions of the success of science often invoke an ancient metaphor from Plato's Phaedrus: successful theories should 'carve nature at its joints.' But is nature really 'jointed'? Are there natural kinds of things around which our theories cut? The essays in this volume offer reflections by a distinguished group of philosophers on a series of intertwined issues in the metaphysics and epistemology of classification. The contributors consider such topics as the relevance of natural kinds in inductive inference; the role of natural kinds in natural laws; the nature of fundamental properties; the naturalness of boundaries; the metaphysics and epistemology of biological kinds; and the relevance of biological kinds to certain questions in ethics. Carving nature at its joints offers both breadth and thematic unity, providing a sampling of state-of-the-art work in contemporary analytic philosophy that will be of interest to a wide audience of scholars and students concerned with classification."--MIT CogNet.

0262298783 9780262298780 1283321750 9781283321754


22573/ctt59pjd9 JSTOR


Philosophy of nature.

Electronic books.

Q175.32.N38 / C37 2011