Hotam, Yotam.

Modern Gnosis and Zionism : The Crisis of Culture, Life Philosophy and Jewish National Thought. - 1 online resource (273 pages) - eBooks on Demand Routledge Jewish Studies Series . - Routledge Jewish Studies Series .

Modern gnosis and Zionism The crisis of culture, Life Philosophy and Jewish national thought -- Copyright -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Part One The crisis of culture and Life Philosophy -- 1 Germany, the crisis of culture and secular theology -- Culture and crisis -- The 'sciences of culture' and philosophical discussion -- 'Secularization' or the inner theological stratum -- Seeking solutions: between rescuing culture and rejecting its foundations -- 2 Life Philosophy or modern gnosis -- At first glance -- Gnosis and gnosticism -- Gnosis and the spirit of 'late modernity' -- Ludwig Klages as a test case: the Jew as the enemy of life -- From test case to Life Philosophy -- A last glance -- Part Two Modern gnosis and Zionist thought -- Introduction: the 'pale of settlement' of Zionist thought -- 3 Modern Jewish gnosis -- Theodor Lessing: a return to Jewish nature -- Jakob Klatzkin: a return to a national way of life -- 4 Zionist thought -- From particular case to general discussion -- Zionist thought and ideological currents -- Overview: modern gnosis and the spirit of Zionism -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index.

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the German intellectual world was challenged by a growing distrust in the rational ideals of the enlightenment, and consequently by a belief in the existence of a radical 'cultural crisis'. One response to this crisis was the emergence of 'Life Philosophy', which celebrated the irrational, expressive, instinctive and spontaneous, while rejecting the rational, conscious, and logical. Around the same time and place, Zionist thought crystallized. It discussed issues like the 'Jewish essence', the creation of a new Jewish person and a new Jewish community, return to the Jewish homeland, and the negation of the diasporic way of life. This book explores the connections between Zionism and Life Philosophy, and argues that Life Philosophy represents a modern secularized version of gnostic dualism between God and world, and that this was a particular secular impulse that lay at the core of the Zionist political mission. Consisting of two main sections, the book first shows the manner in which Life Philosophy should be understood as a modern, secularized, gnostic theology, before concluding by discussing its political Zionist interpretation. Drawing on published works of a wide range of thinkers and intellectuals, alongside a variety of unpublished materials, this book will be welcomed by students and scholars of Jewish studies, the philosophy of Judaism, and religion and philosophy more generally.

9781136190728


Jewish philosophy.
Jews -- Germany -- Social conditions.
Philosophy, German -- 19th century.
Zionism -- Germany -- History.
Zionism and Judaism.


Electronic books.

DS149.5.G3 -- H6713 2013

320.54095694