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Quakers and Slavery : A Divided Spirit.

By: Soderlund, Jean R.
Material type: TextTextSeries: Princeton Legacy Library: Publisher: Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2014Copyright date: ©2014Description: 1 online resource (236 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781400857777.Subject(s): Antislavery movements -- United States | Quaker abolitionists -- United States -- History | Quakers -- Political activity -- United States -- History | Slavery and the church -- Society of Friends | Slavery and the church -- United StatesGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Quakers and Slavery : A Divided SpiritDDC classification: 973/.0496 Online resources: Click here to view book
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Item type Current location Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
E441 -- .S7 1985 (Browse shelf) Available EBC3030549

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Studies of the American abolition movement often note that the Quakers took a stand against slavery nearly a century before the Civil War. Few note, however, that it took the Quakers themselves nearly a century-from the 1680s to the 1770s-to reach their position. Soderlund's case study of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting and of four local Friends' meetings demonstrates that the Quakers of the Delaware Valley came to oppose slavery at widely differing times and only after long debate. Soderlund illustrates how resistance to reform was linked directly to the economic interests of influential Friends who were reluctant to give up their slaves. The long struggle within the Quaker community, led first by unsuccessful radicals like Benjamin Lay and later by more persuasive moderates like John Woolman, succeeded only after the number of slaveholding Quakers diminished and after the reformers diluted their goals in order to attract wider support. Their successful strategy was to take a gradual approach built on paternalism and segregation, which, Soderlund points out, was essentially similar to the approach used in the larger antislavery campaign of the 19th century. The study is based on meticulous research in Quaker meeting records, tax assessment lists, and probate wills and inventories. Straightforward and clearly organized, with numerous excellent tables, graphs, maps, and appendixes. Soderlund's high-quality study expands substantially on Thomas E. Drake's Quakers and Slavery in America (1950). Valuable for all scholars and advanced students.-R. Detweiler, California State University, San Bernardino

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