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From the war on poverty to the war on crime : the making of mass incarceration in America / Elizabeth Hinton.

By: Hinton, Elizabeth Kai, 1983- [author.].
Material type: TextTextDescription: 449 pages ; 25 cm.Content type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeISBN: 9780674737235 (alk. paper); 0674737237 (alk. paper).Subject(s): 1900-1999 | Criminal justice, Administration of -- Political aspects -- United States -- History -- 20th century | Urban policy -- United States -- History -- 20th century | Crime prevention -- United States -- History -- 20th century | Crime -- Political aspects -- United States -- History -- 20th century | Imprisonment -- United States | Crime -- Political aspects -- United States -- History -- 20th century | Crime prevention -- United States -- History -- 20th century | Crime -- Political aspects | Crime prevention | Criminal justice, Administration of -- Political aspects | Imprisonment | Urban policy | Gefängnis | Kriminalisierung | Strafrecht | Stadtentwicklung | United States | USA | Etats-UnisGenre/Form: History.DDC classification: 364.973
Contents:
Origins of mass incarceration -- The war on black poverty -- Law and order in the great society -- The preemptive strike -- The war on black crime -- The battlegrounds of the crime war -- Juvenile injustice -- Urban removal -- Crime control as urban policy -- From the war on crime to the war on drugs -- Reckoning with the war on crime.
Summary: "In the United States today, one in every 31 adults is under some form of penal control, including one in eleven African American men. How did the "land of the free" become the home of the world's largest prison system? Challenging the belief that America's prison problem originated with the Reagan administration's War on Drugs, Elizabeth Hinton traces the rise of mass incarceration to an ironic source: the social welfare programs of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society at the height of the civil rights era. Johnson's War on Poverty policies sought to foster equality and economic opportunity. But these initiatives were also rooted in widely shared assumptions about African Americans' role in urban disorder, which prompted Johnson to call for a simultaneous War on Crime. The 1965 Law Enforcement Assistance Act empowered the national government to take a direct role in militarizing local police. Federal anticrime funding soon incentivized social service providers to ally with police departments, courts, and prisons. Under Richard Nixon and his successors, welfare programs fell by the wayside while investment in policing and punishment expanded. Anticipating future crime, policy makers urged states to build new prisons and introduced law enforcement measures into urban schools and public housing, turning neighborhoods into targets of police surveillance. By the 1980s, crime control and incarceration dominated national responses to poverty and inequality. The initiatives of that decade were less a sharp departure than the full realization of the punitive transformation of urban policy implemented by Republicans and Democrats alike since the 1960s."--Provided by publisher.
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Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode
Book University of Texas At Tyler
Stacks - 3rd Floor
HV9950 .H56 2016 (Browse shelf) Available 0000002309458

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Introduction: Origins of mass incarceration -- The war on black poverty -- Law and order in the great society -- The preemptive strike -- The war on black crime -- The battlegrounds of the crime war -- Juvenile injustice -- Urban removal -- Crime control as urban policy -- From the war on crime to the war on drugs -- Epilogue: Reckoning with the war on crime.

"In the United States today, one in every 31 adults is under some form of penal control, including one in eleven African American men. How did the "land of the free" become the home of the world's largest prison system? Challenging the belief that America's prison problem originated with the Reagan administration's War on Drugs, Elizabeth Hinton traces the rise of mass incarceration to an ironic source: the social welfare programs of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society at the height of the civil rights era. Johnson's War on Poverty policies sought to foster equality and economic opportunity. But these initiatives were also rooted in widely shared assumptions about African Americans' role in urban disorder, which prompted Johnson to call for a simultaneous War on Crime. The 1965 Law Enforcement Assistance Act empowered the national government to take a direct role in militarizing local police. Federal anticrime funding soon incentivized social service providers to ally with police departments, courts, and prisons. Under Richard Nixon and his successors, welfare programs fell by the wayside while investment in policing and punishment expanded. Anticipating future crime, policy makers urged states to build new prisons and introduced law enforcement measures into urban schools and public housing, turning neighborhoods into targets of police surveillance. By the 1980s, crime control and incarceration dominated national responses to poverty and inequality. The initiatives of that decade were less a sharp departure than the full realization of the punitive transformation of urban policy implemented by Republicans and Democrats alike since the 1960s."--Provided by publisher.

Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

With more than 7 million Americans incarcerated or on parole or probation, leading to scholarly analysis and journalistic accounts of mass incarceration, and another 43 million living below the established poverty guidelines, Hinton's book is timely indeed. This social-historical account of the long-drawn-out political struggles to take care of Americans' financial needs and protect Americans from crime activity is an excellent scholarly text. In nine chapters, the power of the analysis is the careful historical research that links the war on poverty with the war on crime. Seemingly distinct and oppositional policies in fact combine to fuel the war on drugs, which is a major contributor to mass incarceration and the over-incarceration of African American men. The nuanced analysis moves the research in criminology and poverty to heights not reached by others. This readable text is a must read for anyone working in these fields of research. Summing Up: Essential. All levels/libraries. --Earl Smith, Wake Forest University

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