Albert C. Ellithorpe, the First Indian Home Guards, and the Civil War on the Trans-Mississippi Frontier / edited by M. Jane Johansson.
Contributor(s): Johansson, M. Jane [editor.].Material type: BookPublisher: Baton Rouge : Louisiana State University Press, Description: xix, 231 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm.Content type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeSubject(s): Ellithorpe, A. C. (Albert Chapman), 1824-1907 -- Diaries | United States. Army. Indian Home Guards | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Participation, Indian | United States. Army -- Officers -- Diaries | West (U.S.) -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Regimental histories | West (U.S.) -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives | West (U.S.) -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Campaigns | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Regimental histories | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Campaigns | Ellithorpe, A. C. (Albert Chapman), 1824-1907 | United States. Army | United States. Army. Indian Home Guards | American Civil War (1861-1865) | Armed Forces -- Officers | Military campaigns | Military participation -- Indian | Regimental histories | United States | United States, West | 1861-1865Genre/Form: Diaries. | History. | Personal narratives.DDC classification: 973.7089/97
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"The Civil War experiences of Albert C. Ellithorpe, a Caucasian Union Army officer commanding the tri-racial First Indian Home Guards, illuminate remarkable and understudied facets of campaigning west of the Mississippi River. Major Ellithorpe's unit--comprised primarily of refugee Muscogee Creek and Seminole Indians and African Americans who served as interpreters--fought principally in Arkansas and Indian Territory, isolated from the larger currents of the Civil War. Using Ellithorpe's journal and his series of Chicago Evening Journal articles as her main sources, M. Jane Johansson unravels this exceptional account, providing one of the fullest examinations available on a mixed race Union regiment serving in the border region of the West. Ellithorpe's insightful observations on Indians and civilians as well as the war in the trans-Mississippi theater provide a rare glimpse into a largely forgotten aspect of the conflict. He wrote extensively about the role of Indian troops, who served primarily as scouts and skirmishers, and on the nature of guerrilla warfare in the West. Ellithorpe also exposed internal problems in his regiment; some of his most dramatic entries concern his own charges against Caucasian officers, one of whom allegedly stole money from the unit's African American interpreters. Compiled here for the first time, Ellithorpe's commentary on the war adds a new chapter to our understanding of America's most complicated and tragic conflict"--Publisher's website.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 213-221) and index.
1. Life before military service, 1824-1862 -- 2. The Indian expedition, July 1862 -- 3. Bushwhacking in Arkansas, August-November 1862 -- 4. The Prairie Grove campaign, November-December 1862 -- 5. Regimental Turmoil, December 1862-January 1863 -- 6. Guerrilla warfare, January-March 1863 -- 7. Closing war scenes, April 1863-October 1864 -- 8. Life after the war -- Appendix: Articles Published in the Chicago Evening Journal.