The Weimar Century : German Emigres and the Ideological Foundations of the Cold War.
By: Greenberg, Udi.Material type: TextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2015Copyright date: ©2014Description: 1 online resource (270 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781400852390.Subject(s): Cold War | Elite (Social sciences) -- Germany -- Biography | Germany -- History -- 1945-1955 | Military government -- Germany -- History | Nation-building | Political science -- United States -- History | United States -- Foreign relations -- GermanyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: The Weimar Century : German Emigres and the Ideological Foundations of the Cold WarDDC classification: 943.087 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
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Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- The "Miracle" of Germany's Reconstruction -- The Foundations of Postwar Thought: The Weimar Republic and Its Discontents -- Émigrés and the American Cold War: Knowledge and Power -- Chapter I: The Search for "Responsible Elites:" Carl J. Friedrich and the Reform of Higher Education -- Protestant Legitimacy and Elite Education in Heidelberg -- The Heidelberg Mission in the United States: The Creation of a New American Academia -- Cold War Universities: "Responsible Elites" in Cold War United States and Germany -- Chapter II: Socialist Reform, the Rule of Law, and Labor Outreach: Ernst Fraenkel and the Concept of "Collective Democracy? -- Democracy, Labor, and Law in Frankfurt and Berlin -- Social Democracy and U.S. Power: Fraenkel in the United States and Korea -- The German Left and the Cold War -- Chapter III: Conservative Catholicism and American Philanthropy: Waldemar Gurian, "Personalist "Democarcy, and Anti-communism -- Catholicism, "Personalism," and Democracy in the Rhineland: The Origins of Gurian's Thought -- The Path to the "Theory of Totalitarianism": The Personalist Campaign against Nazism in Exile -- Personalism and American Philanthropy: Transatlantic Democracy and Anti-communism -- Chapter IV: Individual Liberties and "Militant Democracy" : Karl Loewenstein and Aggressive Liberalism -- The Internal Struggle of Liberal Democracy -- "Militant Democracy" and U.S. Diplomacy in Latin America -- "Militant Democracy" in the Cold War: Liberalism and Anti-communism in West Germany -- Chapter V: From the League of Nations to Vietnam: Hans J. Morgenthau and Realist Reform of International Relations -- International Politics, Law, and War -- Morgenthau and the Cold War Establishment -- Power and Morality: Opposition to the Intervention in Vietnam -- Conclusion.
List of Abbreviations -- List of Archives -- Index.
The Weimar Century reveals the origins of two dramatic events: Germany's post-World War II transformation from a racist dictatorship to a liberal democracy, and the ideological genesis of the Cold War. Blending intellectual, political, and international histories, Udi Greenberg shows that the foundations of Germany's reconstruction lay in the country's first democratic experiment, the Weimar Republic (1918-33). He traces the paths of five crucial German émigrés who participated in Weimar's intense political debates, spent the Nazi era in the United States, and then rebuilt Europe after a devastating war. Examining the unexpected stories of these diverse individuals-Protestant political thinker Carl J. Friedrich, Socialist theorist Ernst Fraenkel, Catholic publicist Waldemar Gurian, liberal lawyer Karl Loewenstein, and international relations theorist Hans Morgenthau-Greenberg uncovers the intellectual and political forces that forged Germany's democracy after dictatorship, war, and occupation. In restructuring German thought and politics, these émigrés also shaped the currents of the early Cold War. Having borne witness to Weimar's political clashes and violent upheavals, they called on democratic regimes to permanently mobilize their citizens and resources in global struggle against their Communist enemies. In the process, they gained entry to the highest levels of American power, serving as top-level advisors to American occupation authorities in Germany and Korea, consultants for the State Department in Latin America, and leaders in universities and philanthropic foundations across Europe and the United States. Their ideas became integral to American global hegemony. From interwar Germany to the dawn of the American century, The Weimar Century sheds light on the crucial ideas, individuals, and politics that made the trans-Atlantic postwar
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