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Environmental Implications of Recycling and Recycled Products.

By: Muthu, Subramanian Senthilkannan.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Environmental Footprints and Eco-design of Products and Processes: Publisher: Singapore : Springer Singapore, 2015Copyright date: ©2015Description: 1 online resource (289 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9789812876430.Subject(s): Environmental managementGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Environmental Implications of Recycling and Recycled ProductsDDC classification: 363.728 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Preface -- Contents -- 1 The Role of Reverse Logistics in Recycling of Wood Products -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 European Legislation -- 1.2 The Role of Wood and Wood Products in the Bioeconomy -- 2 A Concept for Reuse and Upgrading of Waste Wood -- 2.1 Cascade Use of Wood -- 2.1.1 Carbon Storage in Wood Products -- 2.2 Classification of Hazardous and Nonhazardous Waste Wood -- 2.3 Material Considerations for Recovered Waste Wood -- 2.3.1 Outputs of Processed Recovered Wood -- 3 Flows of Waste Wood---a Case Study of Slovenia -- 4 Models of Reverse Logistics -- 4.1 A Model of Reverse Logistics for Wood Recovery -- 4.1.1 Model Entities -- 4.1.2 Optimization Problem -- 4.2 Implementation of the Model -- 4.2.1 System Architecture -- 4.2.2 Using the Application -- Entering the Model -- The Result of a Computation -- 5 Discussion and Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 2 Recycling Potential of Building Materials: A Review -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Materials Used in Building Construction -- 3 Recycling of Building Materials -- 4 Environment and Economic Importance -- 5 Recycling Potential and Its Feasibility -- 6 Conclusions and Recommendation -- References -- 3 Recycling of Wastes into Construction Materials -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Recycling of Coal and Biomass Fly Ashes, Coal Bottom Ash, and C&D Wastes for Concrete Block Manufacturing -- 2.1 Materials and Methods -- 2.1.1 Materials -- 2.1.2 Block Preparation -- 2.1.3 Insulating Properties -- 2.1.4 Physical and Mechanical Properties -- 2.1.5 Environmental Study -- 2.2 Results and Discussion -- 2.2.1 Physical, Mechanical, and Insulating Properties -- 2.2.2 Environmental Results -- Leaching -- Radiological Test -- 3 Recycling of Biomass and C&D Wastes for Façade Solutions -- 3.1 Materials -- 3.2 Panel Preparation -- 3.3 Comparative Façade Solutions.
4 Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 4 Enhancing Crop Residues Recycling in the Philippine Landscape -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Crop Residue Recycling: Why Farmers Don't Do It -- 3 On Sugarcane, Why Burn? -- 4 Benefits of no Burn Canes -- 5 Addressing the Challenge of Rice Straw or Sugarcane Trash Burning Through Legal Means -- 6 Exploring Other Paths for Enhancing Crop Residue Recycling -- 7 Conclusion -- Literature Cited -- 5 Dilemmas of Development and the Reconstruction of Fashion -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Fashionable Development -- 2.1 Liquid Clothes -- 2.2 Design Activism and Recycling -- 3 Sustainable Development and Design -- 3.1 Design Debates -- 3.2 Designing for Sustainable Development -- 4 Globalisation and Recycling -- 4.1 Technology and Ideology -- 4.2 The Global Denim Project: A Detailed Exploration in Recycling -- 5 Putting Theory into Practice -- 5.1 Ketchup Clothes: A Case Study in Recycling -- 5.2 Methods of Enquiry -- 5.3 Definition and Sourcing of Waste Clothes -- 5.4 The Design and Manufacture of Recycled Clothes -- 5.4.1 Rips and Stains -- 5.4.2 Remodelled T-shirts -- 5.4.3 Knitted T-shirts -- 5.4.4 Household Textiles -- 5.5 Engagement in Outreach Work -- 6 Conclusions and Discussion -- Bibliography -- 6 Chitosan Derivatives as Effective Agents in Recycling of Textile Dyes from Waste Waters -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Chitosan as an Adsorbent for Dye Removal from Wastewaters -- 3 Recent Advances in Dye Adsorption Using Chitosan Composites -- 4 Chitosan Derivatives for Dye Removal -- 5 Conclusion and Perspectives -- Acknowledgment -- References -- 7 Polyester Recycling---Technologies, Characterisation, and Applications -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Recycling Technologies -- 3 PET Recycling Process -- 3.1 Collection and Sorting -- 3.2 Secondary Recycling---Mechanical Recycling.
3.3 Tertiary Recycling -- 3.3.1 Glycolysis -- 3.3.2 Methanolysis -- 3.3.3 Hydrolysis -- 3.3.4 Thermolysis or Thermal Depolymerisation -- 3.4 Quaternary Recycling -- 3.5 Bio-Based PET -- 4 Characterisation of Recycled Polyester -- 4.1 Yarn Preparation and Characteristics -- 4.2 Fabric Characteristics -- 5 Applications -- 6 Conclusions -- 7 Future Recommendations -- References -- 8 Recycled Fibrous and Nonfibrous Biomass for Value-Added Textile and Nontextile Applications -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Recycling of Colouring Compounds and Auxiliaries for Textile Application -- 2.1 Recycling of Flowers for Textile Dyeing and Finishing -- 2.2 Recycling of Textile Dyes and Auxiliaries -- 2.3 Textile Finishing Using Bio-Waste -- 3 Recycling of Fibres from Waste Textiles and Their Applications -- 3.1 Recycling of Cellulosic Fibres from Waste Textiles/Paper -- 3.2 Recycling of Jute Waste and Its Application -- 3.3 Recycling (Utilisation) of Leather Fibre Waste -- 4 Recovery of Fibrous Material from Textile and Agro-Biomass and Its Application in Composite -- 4.1 Application of Biodegradable Fibrous Waste in Composite -- 4.2 Application of Biodegradable Nonfibrous Waste in Composite and Agriculture -- 5 Microcrystalline, Nano, and Bacterial Cellulose from Fibrous Biomass -- 5.1 Synthesis of Nanocellulose from Agro-Biomass and Nanocomposite -- 5.2 Production of Microcrystalline Cellulose -- 5.3 Production of Bacterial Cellulose from Textile and Agro Wastes -- 6 Recovery of Silk Sericin and Its Value-Added Applications -- 7 Production, Recycling, and Application Lignin and Nanolignin -- 8 Research on Banana Pseudostem Sap -- 9 Biodegradation and Life-Cycle Assessment -- 10 Present Status of Recycling in India -- 11 Summary -- References -- 9 Recycling and Reuse of Textile Effluent Sludge -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Water Pollution by Textile Industry.
2.1 Water Consumption in Textile Processing -- 3 Characteristics of Textile Wastewater -- 3.1 Characteristics of Dye Effluent -- 3.2 Dyes -- 3.3 Environmental Impact of Wastewater -- 3.3.1 Effects on Public Health -- 3.3.2 Effects on Crops -- 3.3.3 Effects on Aquaculture -- 3.3.4 Effects on Soil Resources -- 3.3.5 Effects on Groundwater Resources -- 3.4 Environmental Impacts of Textile Effluent -- 4 Recycling of Textile Wastewater -- 4.1 Preliminary Treatment -- 5 Primary Treatment -- 5.1 Secondary Treatment -- 5.2 Tertiary Treatment -- 5.2.1 Chemical Oxidation -- 5.2.2 Ozonation -- 5.2.3 Photochemical Process -- 5.2.4 Ion Exchange Process -- 5.2.5 Electrochemical Process -- 5.2.6 Membrane Filtration -- Reverse Osmosis -- Ultrafiltration -- Nanofiltration -- Microfiltration -- 5.2.7 Adsorption -- 5.2.8 Photocatalytic Degradation -- 5.3 Choice of Treatment Technologies -- 5.4 Economics of Textile Effluent Treatment Plant -- 6 Sludge Management in the Textile Industry -- 6.1 Classification of Sludge -- 6.2 Characteristics of Sludge -- 6.3 Sludge Management Systems -- 6.3.1 Preliminary Operation -- 6.3.2 Thickening -- 6.3.3 Stabilisation -- 6.3.4 Composting -- 6.3.5 Conditioning -- 6.3.6 Dewatering -- 6.3.7 Drying -- 6.4 Sludge Treatment Process -- 6.4.1 Anaerobic Digestion -- 6.4.2 Aerobic Digestion -- Advantages of Aerobic Digestion -- Disadvantages of Aerobic Digestion -- 6.4.3 Solidification/Stabilisation Method of Sludge Reduction -- 6.5 Environmental Impact of Sludge Disposal -- 6.5.1 Ocean Disposal -- 6.5.2 Incineration -- 6.5.3 Landfill -- 6.5.4 Landfarming -- 6.5.5 Beneficial Land Application -- 6.6 Reuse Potential of Textile Sludge -- 6.6.1 Sludge in Construction Material -- 6.6.2 Sludge in Concrete -- 6.6.3 Sludge in Clay Bricks -- 6.6.4 Sludge as Fertiliser -- 6.6.5 Other Methods Used in Sludge Management -- 7 Conclusions -- References.
10 Recycled Paper from Wastes: Calculation of Ecological Footprint of an Energy-Intensive Industrial Unit in Orissa, India -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Methodology for Estimating Ecological Footprint -- 2.1 Process Description -- 2.1.1 Paper Manufacturing Process -- 2.1.2 Sheet-Forming Section -- 2.1.3 Press Section -- 2.1.4 Drying -- 2.1.5 Calendaring -- 2.1.6 Reeling -- 2.2 Study of Boundary and Data Collection -- 2.3 Scope and Limitation of the Study -- 3 Results and Discussions -- 4 Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- Appendix 1 -- Appendix 2 -- References -- Websites.
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Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
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GE1-350 (Browse shelf) http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=3568402 Available EBC3568402

Preface -- Contents -- 1 The Role of Reverse Logistics in Recycling of Wood Products -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 European Legislation -- 1.2 The Role of Wood and Wood Products in the Bioeconomy -- 2 A Concept for Reuse and Upgrading of Waste Wood -- 2.1 Cascade Use of Wood -- 2.1.1 Carbon Storage in Wood Products -- 2.2 Classification of Hazardous and Nonhazardous Waste Wood -- 2.3 Material Considerations for Recovered Waste Wood -- 2.3.1 Outputs of Processed Recovered Wood -- 3 Flows of Waste Wood---a Case Study of Slovenia -- 4 Models of Reverse Logistics -- 4.1 A Model of Reverse Logistics for Wood Recovery -- 4.1.1 Model Entities -- 4.1.2 Optimization Problem -- 4.2 Implementation of the Model -- 4.2.1 System Architecture -- 4.2.2 Using the Application -- Entering the Model -- The Result of a Computation -- 5 Discussion and Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 2 Recycling Potential of Building Materials: A Review -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Materials Used in Building Construction -- 3 Recycling of Building Materials -- 4 Environment and Economic Importance -- 5 Recycling Potential and Its Feasibility -- 6 Conclusions and Recommendation -- References -- 3 Recycling of Wastes into Construction Materials -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Recycling of Coal and Biomass Fly Ashes, Coal Bottom Ash, and C&D Wastes for Concrete Block Manufacturing -- 2.1 Materials and Methods -- 2.1.1 Materials -- 2.1.2 Block Preparation -- 2.1.3 Insulating Properties -- 2.1.4 Physical and Mechanical Properties -- 2.1.5 Environmental Study -- 2.2 Results and Discussion -- 2.2.1 Physical, Mechanical, and Insulating Properties -- 2.2.2 Environmental Results -- Leaching -- Radiological Test -- 3 Recycling of Biomass and C&D Wastes for Façade Solutions -- 3.1 Materials -- 3.2 Panel Preparation -- 3.3 Comparative Façade Solutions.

4 Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 4 Enhancing Crop Residues Recycling in the Philippine Landscape -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Crop Residue Recycling: Why Farmers Don't Do It -- 3 On Sugarcane, Why Burn? -- 4 Benefits of no Burn Canes -- 5 Addressing the Challenge of Rice Straw or Sugarcane Trash Burning Through Legal Means -- 6 Exploring Other Paths for Enhancing Crop Residue Recycling -- 7 Conclusion -- Literature Cited -- 5 Dilemmas of Development and the Reconstruction of Fashion -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Fashionable Development -- 2.1 Liquid Clothes -- 2.2 Design Activism and Recycling -- 3 Sustainable Development and Design -- 3.1 Design Debates -- 3.2 Designing for Sustainable Development -- 4 Globalisation and Recycling -- 4.1 Technology and Ideology -- 4.2 The Global Denim Project: A Detailed Exploration in Recycling -- 5 Putting Theory into Practice -- 5.1 Ketchup Clothes: A Case Study in Recycling -- 5.2 Methods of Enquiry -- 5.3 Definition and Sourcing of Waste Clothes -- 5.4 The Design and Manufacture of Recycled Clothes -- 5.4.1 Rips and Stains -- 5.4.2 Remodelled T-shirts -- 5.4.3 Knitted T-shirts -- 5.4.4 Household Textiles -- 5.5 Engagement in Outreach Work -- 6 Conclusions and Discussion -- Bibliography -- 6 Chitosan Derivatives as Effective Agents in Recycling of Textile Dyes from Waste Waters -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Chitosan as an Adsorbent for Dye Removal from Wastewaters -- 3 Recent Advances in Dye Adsorption Using Chitosan Composites -- 4 Chitosan Derivatives for Dye Removal -- 5 Conclusion and Perspectives -- Acknowledgment -- References -- 7 Polyester Recycling---Technologies, Characterisation, and Applications -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Recycling Technologies -- 3 PET Recycling Process -- 3.1 Collection and Sorting -- 3.2 Secondary Recycling---Mechanical Recycling.

3.3 Tertiary Recycling -- 3.3.1 Glycolysis -- 3.3.2 Methanolysis -- 3.3.3 Hydrolysis -- 3.3.4 Thermolysis or Thermal Depolymerisation -- 3.4 Quaternary Recycling -- 3.5 Bio-Based PET -- 4 Characterisation of Recycled Polyester -- 4.1 Yarn Preparation and Characteristics -- 4.2 Fabric Characteristics -- 5 Applications -- 6 Conclusions -- 7 Future Recommendations -- References -- 8 Recycled Fibrous and Nonfibrous Biomass for Value-Added Textile and Nontextile Applications -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Recycling of Colouring Compounds and Auxiliaries for Textile Application -- 2.1 Recycling of Flowers for Textile Dyeing and Finishing -- 2.2 Recycling of Textile Dyes and Auxiliaries -- 2.3 Textile Finishing Using Bio-Waste -- 3 Recycling of Fibres from Waste Textiles and Their Applications -- 3.1 Recycling of Cellulosic Fibres from Waste Textiles/Paper -- 3.2 Recycling of Jute Waste and Its Application -- 3.3 Recycling (Utilisation) of Leather Fibre Waste -- 4 Recovery of Fibrous Material from Textile and Agro-Biomass and Its Application in Composite -- 4.1 Application of Biodegradable Fibrous Waste in Composite -- 4.2 Application of Biodegradable Nonfibrous Waste in Composite and Agriculture -- 5 Microcrystalline, Nano, and Bacterial Cellulose from Fibrous Biomass -- 5.1 Synthesis of Nanocellulose from Agro-Biomass and Nanocomposite -- 5.2 Production of Microcrystalline Cellulose -- 5.3 Production of Bacterial Cellulose from Textile and Agro Wastes -- 6 Recovery of Silk Sericin and Its Value-Added Applications -- 7 Production, Recycling, and Application Lignin and Nanolignin -- 8 Research on Banana Pseudostem Sap -- 9 Biodegradation and Life-Cycle Assessment -- 10 Present Status of Recycling in India -- 11 Summary -- References -- 9 Recycling and Reuse of Textile Effluent Sludge -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Water Pollution by Textile Industry.

2.1 Water Consumption in Textile Processing -- 3 Characteristics of Textile Wastewater -- 3.1 Characteristics of Dye Effluent -- 3.2 Dyes -- 3.3 Environmental Impact of Wastewater -- 3.3.1 Effects on Public Health -- 3.3.2 Effects on Crops -- 3.3.3 Effects on Aquaculture -- 3.3.4 Effects on Soil Resources -- 3.3.5 Effects on Groundwater Resources -- 3.4 Environmental Impacts of Textile Effluent -- 4 Recycling of Textile Wastewater -- 4.1 Preliminary Treatment -- 5 Primary Treatment -- 5.1 Secondary Treatment -- 5.2 Tertiary Treatment -- 5.2.1 Chemical Oxidation -- 5.2.2 Ozonation -- 5.2.3 Photochemical Process -- 5.2.4 Ion Exchange Process -- 5.2.5 Electrochemical Process -- 5.2.6 Membrane Filtration -- Reverse Osmosis -- Ultrafiltration -- Nanofiltration -- Microfiltration -- 5.2.7 Adsorption -- 5.2.8 Photocatalytic Degradation -- 5.3 Choice of Treatment Technologies -- 5.4 Economics of Textile Effluent Treatment Plant -- 6 Sludge Management in the Textile Industry -- 6.1 Classification of Sludge -- 6.2 Characteristics of Sludge -- 6.3 Sludge Management Systems -- 6.3.1 Preliminary Operation -- 6.3.2 Thickening -- 6.3.3 Stabilisation -- 6.3.4 Composting -- 6.3.5 Conditioning -- 6.3.6 Dewatering -- 6.3.7 Drying -- 6.4 Sludge Treatment Process -- 6.4.1 Anaerobic Digestion -- 6.4.2 Aerobic Digestion -- Advantages of Aerobic Digestion -- Disadvantages of Aerobic Digestion -- 6.4.3 Solidification/Stabilisation Method of Sludge Reduction -- 6.5 Environmental Impact of Sludge Disposal -- 6.5.1 Ocean Disposal -- 6.5.2 Incineration -- 6.5.3 Landfill -- 6.5.4 Landfarming -- 6.5.5 Beneficial Land Application -- 6.6 Reuse Potential of Textile Sludge -- 6.6.1 Sludge in Construction Material -- 6.6.2 Sludge in Concrete -- 6.6.3 Sludge in Clay Bricks -- 6.6.4 Sludge as Fertiliser -- 6.6.5 Other Methods Used in Sludge Management -- 7 Conclusions -- References.

10 Recycled Paper from Wastes: Calculation of Ecological Footprint of an Energy-Intensive Industrial Unit in Orissa, India -- Abstract -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Methodology for Estimating Ecological Footprint -- 2.1 Process Description -- 2.1.1 Paper Manufacturing Process -- 2.1.2 Sheet-Forming Section -- 2.1.3 Press Section -- 2.1.4 Drying -- 2.1.5 Calendaring -- 2.1.6 Reeling -- 2.2 Study of Boundary and Data Collection -- 2.3 Scope and Limitation of the Study -- 3 Results and Discussions -- 4 Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- Appendix 1 -- Appendix 2 -- References -- Websites.

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Author notes provided by Syndetics

Dr Subramanian Senthilkannan is currently working for SGS as a global sustainability consultant, based at Hong Kong. He gained his diploma, bachelors and masters in Textile Technology from premier institutes of India. He was awarded doctorate from The Institute of Textiles and Clothing of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University for his dissertation entitled," Eco-functional Assessment of Grocery Shopping Bags" He also has more than seven years of industrial experience in textile manufacturing, textile testing and sustainability evaluation of various materials. He was an outstanding student throughout his studies and bagged numerous awards and medals including many gold medals in his study period. He has more than 80 academic publications in various textiles and environmental journals to his credit. Additionally he has 2 patents, 6 books of chapter and over 25 scientific books and numerous conference publications. He is acting as an editor, editorial board member and reviewer for many international peer-reviewed journals of textiles and environmental science disciplines.

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