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Evolution, Explanation, Ethics and Aesthetics : Towards a Philosophy of Biology.

By: Ayala, Francisco J.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: San Diego : Elsevier Science, 2016Copyright date: ©2016Description: 1 online resource (424 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780128037317.Subject(s): Evolution (Biology) - PhilosophyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Evolution, Explanation, Ethics and Aesthetics : Towards a Philosophy of BiologyDDC classification: 576.8 LOC classification: QH360.5.A935 2016Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Front Cover -- Evolution, Explanation, Ethics, and Aesthetics -- Evolution, Explanation, Ethics, and Aesthetics -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- I - Evolution -- 1 - The Darwinian Revolution -- INTRODUCTION -- GREEK ANTIQUITY -- CHRISTIANITY AND EUROPE UNTIL DARWIN -- CHARLES DARWIN -- COPERNICUS AND DARWIN -- DARWIN'S THEORY -- DARWIN AND WALLACE -- THE DARWINIAN AFTERMATH -- DARWIN AND MENDEL -- THE SYNTHETIC THEORY -- MOLECULAR BIOLOGY -- EARTH SCIENCES, BIOGEOGRAPHY, AND ECOLOGY -- THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES -- 2 - Evolution Is a "Fact" -- INTRODUCTION -- THE UNIVERSE -- BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION -- THE "FACT" OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION -- THE FOSSIL RECORD -- ARCHAEOPTERYX AND TIKTAALIK -- EXTINCTION -- ANATOMICAL SIMILARITIES -- EMBRYONIC SIMILARITIES AND VESTIGES -- BIOGEOGRAPHY -- HAWAII'S BIOLOGICAL CAULDRON -- MOLECULAR BIOLOGY -- 3. Life's Origin -- Introduction -- The Unity of Life -- Early Life -- What Is Life? -- Life in the Laboratory? -- Heredity -- Origins -- 4 - LUCA and the Tree of Life -- INTRODUCTION -- TAXONOMY -- HOMOLOGY AND ANALOGY -- MOLECULAR BIOLOGY -- CLADOGENESIS AND ANAGENESIS: EVOLUTIONARY TREES -- Distance Methods -- Maximum Parsimony Methods -- Maximum Likelihood Methods -- EVALUATION OF EVOLUTIONARY TREES -- THE MOLECULAR CLOCK -- THE NEUTRALITY THEORY OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION -- 5 - Three Grand Challenges of Human Biology -- INTRODUCTION -- LIFE TO HUMAN -- HUMAN ORIGINS -- THE HUMAN GENOME SEQUENCE -- BEYOND THE HUMAN GENOME -- ONTOGENETIC DECODING -- THE BRAIN-MIND PUZZLE -- THE APE-TO-HUMAN TRANSFORMATION -- BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION VERSUS CULTURAL EVOLUTION -- II - Explanation -- 6 - Design Without Designer -- INTRODUCTION -- THE ARGUMENT FROM DESIGN -- EMERGENCE OF MODERN SCIENCE -- DARWIN'S DISCOVERY -- NATURAL SELECTION AS A "DESIGN" PROCESS -- MATHEMATICAL CHALLENGES -- DESIGN AND CHANCE -- EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION.
DEFECTS, DEFICIENCIES, AND DYSFUNCTIONS -- POWERS AND LIMITS OF SCIENCE -- 7 - Adaptation and Novelty: Teleological Explanations in Evolutionary Biology -- INTRODUCTION -- TELEOLOGY -- TELEOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS: A DEFINITION -- TELEOLOGICAL FEATURES AND BEHAVIORS IN ORGANISMS -- PROXIMATE VERSUS ULTIMATE TELEOLOGY -- NATURAL VERSUS ARTIFICIAL TELEOLOGY -- DETERMINATE VERSUS INDETERMINATE TELEOLOGY -- OBJECTIONS AND RESPONSES -- TELEOLOGY AND CAUSALITY -- TELEOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS ARE TESTABLE HYPOTHESES -- UTILITY AS TOUCHSTONE CRITERION -- TELEOLOGY VERSUS TELEONOMY: CICERO'S TRANSLATION OF ARISTOTLE'S AITION -- ERNST MAYR (1998) ON TELEOLOGY -- 8 - Evolution and Progress -- INTRODUCTION -- EARLY IDEAS -- EVOLUTIONARY PROGRESS -- CHANGE, EVOLUTION, DIRECTION -- THE CONCEPT OF PROGRESS -- EVOLUTIONARY PROGRESS -- THE EXPANSION OF LIFE -- STANDARDS OF PROGRESS -- INFORMATION PROCESSING -- CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS -- 9 - The Scientific Method -- INTRODUCTION -- BEYOND INDUCTIVISM -- SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE -- INDUCTION IN SCIENCE -- THE HYPOTHETICO-DEDUCTIVE METHOD -- THE CRITERION OF DEMARCATION -- VERIFIABILITY AND FALSIFIABILITY -- EMPIRICAL CONTENT OR "TRUTHFULNESS" -- CONTINGENCY AND CERTAINTY -- "FACT" AND "THEORY" IN SCIENTIFIC USE -- ERROR AND FRAUD IN SCIENCE -- THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD IN PRACTICE -- A HISTORICAL PARADIGM: MENDEL'S DISCOVERY OF THE LAWS OF HEREDITY -- DESTRUCTION OF KNOWLEDGE BY IDEOLOGY: LYSENKO AND GENETICS IN THE SOVIET UNION -- THE CURIOUS CASE OF DARWIN, OR THE DISCREPANCY BETWEEN WHAT SCIENTISTS SAY AND WHAT THEY DO -- THEORY REPLACEMENT: PHLOGISTON AND LAVOISIER -- THEORY REPLACEMENT: NEWTONIAN MECHANICS AND EINSTEIN -- HURRIED SCIENCE: ROBERT KOCH'S FAILED TUBERCULOSIS VACCINE -- EXPLANATORY CONTEXT OF DISCOVERY, OR WHY EMPIRICAL TESTING IS NOT ENOUGH: AVERY'S DNA AND WEGENER'S CONTINENTAL DRIFT.
SOCIAL MECHANISMS: PEER REVIEW AND PUBLICATION -- 10 - Reduction and Emergence -- INTRODUCTION -- REDUCTIONISM -- THREE ISSUES: ONTOLOGICAL, METHODOLOGICAL, AND EPISTEMOLOGICAL REDUCTION -- ONTOLOGICAL REDUCTION -- METHODOLOGICAL REDUCTION -- EPISTEMOLOGICAL REDUCTION -- EMERGENCE -- CONDITIONS FOR EPISTEMOLOGICAL REDUCTION -- FROM BIOLOGY TO PHYSICS? -- CONSCIOUSNESS AND THE BRAIN -- 11 - Microevolution and Macroevolution: A New Evolutionary Synthesis? -- INTRODUCTION -- RECTANGULAR EVOLUTION VERSUS GRADUALISM -- THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION -- GOULD'S THEORY -- Darwinian Logic -- Theoretical Propositions -- The Autonomy of Macroevolution -- Tempo and Mode in Evolution -- Eocoelia: Punctuated or Gradual Evolution? -- Gene Evolution Versus Species Selection -- The Spandrels of San Marco -- Hierarchy and Epistemological Emergence -- THE AUTONOMY OF MACROEVOLUTION -- III - Ethics, Aesthetics, and Religion -- 12 - Ethics -- INTRODUCTION -- DARWIN AND THE MORAL SENSE -- MORAL BEHAVIOR VERSUS MORAL NORMS -- DARWINIAN AFTERMATH -- MORAL BEHAVIOR AS RATIONAL BEHAVIOR -- CONDITIONS FOR ETHICAL BEHAVIOR -- ADAPTATION OR EXAPTATION? -- ALTRUISM AND GROUP SELECTION -- WHENCE MORAL CODES? -- SOCIOBIOLOGY'S ACCOUNT OF MORAL BEHAVIOR -- ALTRUISM: BIOLOGICAL AND MORAL -- GENE-CULTURE COEVOLUTION -- 13 - Aesthetics -- INTRODUCTION -- ORIGINS -- OLDOWAN AND ACHEULEAN CULTURES -- MOUSTERIAN CULTURE AND NEANDERTHALS -- SYMBOLISM AND AESTHETICS: AURIGNACIAN AND MAGDALENIAN CULTURES -- 14 - Religion -- INTRODUCTION -- RELIGION -- CREATION -- GOD'S WORLD -- NATURAL THEOLOGY -- THE BRIDGEWATER TREATISES -- ORGANISMS -- COPERNICUS AND DARWIN -- EVOLUTION AND THE BIBLE -- EVIL, PAIN, AND SIN -- EVOLUTION'S ACCOUNT -- THE NEW ATHEISTS -- EVOLUTION AND FAITH -- 15 - Law and the Courts -- INTRODUCTION -- SCIENCE AND THE COURTS.
THE FRYE DECISION: SEVEN DECADES WITHOUT APPROPRIATE SCIENCE -- DAUBERT: A NEW FOCUS ON SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE -- DETERMINING SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY -- SCIENTIFIC CRITERIA FOR SCIENTIFIC CLAIMS -- SCIENCE IN THE COURTS -- EXAMPLES OF GOOD SCIENCE: GREGOR MENDEL -- GOOD AND BAD SCIENCE: ROBERT KOCH AND TUBERCULOSIS -- INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS -- CONCERN FOR REJECTING IDEAS THAT ARE RIGHT -- DAUBERT'S AFTERMATH -- 16 - Intelligent Design -- INTRODUCTION -- THE DESIGN ARGUMENT -- THE DESIGN ARGUMENT IN ANTIQUITY -- CHRISTIAN AND ISLAM AUTHORS -- HUME'S CRITIQUE -- NATURAL THEOLOGY -- A POLITICAL MOVE -- MOLLUSKS' EYES -- NO EVIDENCE, NO SCIENCE -- BACTERIAL FLAGELLUM, BLOOD CLOTTING, IMMUNE SYSTEM -- GAMBLING WITHOUT NATURAL SELECTION -- COUNTERPOINT -- CREATIONISM -- 17 - Human Evolution, Genetic Engineering, and Cloning -- INTRODUCTION -- HUMAN ORIGINS -- CULTURAL EVOLUTION -- BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION IN MODERN HUMANS -- FUTURE NATURAL SELECTION -- GENETIC DISORDERS -- THE FUTURE -- GENETIC THERAPY -- H. J. MULLER'S FORECAST -- CLONING -- THE GENOTYPE AND THE INDIVIDUAL -- CLONING HUMANS? -- THERAPEUTIC CLONING -- Glossary -- References -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Back Cover.
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Item type Current location Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
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QH360.5.A935 2016 (Browse shelf) http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=4605264 Available EBC4605264

Front Cover -- Evolution, Explanation, Ethics, and Aesthetics -- Evolution, Explanation, Ethics, and Aesthetics -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- I - Evolution -- 1 - The Darwinian Revolution -- INTRODUCTION -- GREEK ANTIQUITY -- CHRISTIANITY AND EUROPE UNTIL DARWIN -- CHARLES DARWIN -- COPERNICUS AND DARWIN -- DARWIN'S THEORY -- DARWIN AND WALLACE -- THE DARWINIAN AFTERMATH -- DARWIN AND MENDEL -- THE SYNTHETIC THEORY -- MOLECULAR BIOLOGY -- EARTH SCIENCES, BIOGEOGRAPHY, AND ECOLOGY -- THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES -- 2 - Evolution Is a "Fact" -- INTRODUCTION -- THE UNIVERSE -- BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION -- THE "FACT" OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION -- THE FOSSIL RECORD -- ARCHAEOPTERYX AND TIKTAALIK -- EXTINCTION -- ANATOMICAL SIMILARITIES -- EMBRYONIC SIMILARITIES AND VESTIGES -- BIOGEOGRAPHY -- HAWAII'S BIOLOGICAL CAULDRON -- MOLECULAR BIOLOGY -- 3. Life's Origin -- Introduction -- The Unity of Life -- Early Life -- What Is Life? -- Life in the Laboratory? -- Heredity -- Origins -- 4 - LUCA and the Tree of Life -- INTRODUCTION -- TAXONOMY -- HOMOLOGY AND ANALOGY -- MOLECULAR BIOLOGY -- CLADOGENESIS AND ANAGENESIS: EVOLUTIONARY TREES -- Distance Methods -- Maximum Parsimony Methods -- Maximum Likelihood Methods -- EVALUATION OF EVOLUTIONARY TREES -- THE MOLECULAR CLOCK -- THE NEUTRALITY THEORY OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION -- 5 - Three Grand Challenges of Human Biology -- INTRODUCTION -- LIFE TO HUMAN -- HUMAN ORIGINS -- THE HUMAN GENOME SEQUENCE -- BEYOND THE HUMAN GENOME -- ONTOGENETIC DECODING -- THE BRAIN-MIND PUZZLE -- THE APE-TO-HUMAN TRANSFORMATION -- BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION VERSUS CULTURAL EVOLUTION -- II - Explanation -- 6 - Design Without Designer -- INTRODUCTION -- THE ARGUMENT FROM DESIGN -- EMERGENCE OF MODERN SCIENCE -- DARWIN'S DISCOVERY -- NATURAL SELECTION AS A "DESIGN" PROCESS -- MATHEMATICAL CHALLENGES -- DESIGN AND CHANCE -- EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION.

DEFECTS, DEFICIENCIES, AND DYSFUNCTIONS -- POWERS AND LIMITS OF SCIENCE -- 7 - Adaptation and Novelty: Teleological Explanations in Evolutionary Biology -- INTRODUCTION -- TELEOLOGY -- TELEOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS: A DEFINITION -- TELEOLOGICAL FEATURES AND BEHAVIORS IN ORGANISMS -- PROXIMATE VERSUS ULTIMATE TELEOLOGY -- NATURAL VERSUS ARTIFICIAL TELEOLOGY -- DETERMINATE VERSUS INDETERMINATE TELEOLOGY -- OBJECTIONS AND RESPONSES -- TELEOLOGY AND CAUSALITY -- TELEOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS ARE TESTABLE HYPOTHESES -- UTILITY AS TOUCHSTONE CRITERION -- TELEOLOGY VERSUS TELEONOMY: CICERO'S TRANSLATION OF ARISTOTLE'S AITION -- ERNST MAYR (1998) ON TELEOLOGY -- 8 - Evolution and Progress -- INTRODUCTION -- EARLY IDEAS -- EVOLUTIONARY PROGRESS -- CHANGE, EVOLUTION, DIRECTION -- THE CONCEPT OF PROGRESS -- EVOLUTIONARY PROGRESS -- THE EXPANSION OF LIFE -- STANDARDS OF PROGRESS -- INFORMATION PROCESSING -- CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS -- 9 - The Scientific Method -- INTRODUCTION -- BEYOND INDUCTIVISM -- SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE -- INDUCTION IN SCIENCE -- THE HYPOTHETICO-DEDUCTIVE METHOD -- THE CRITERION OF DEMARCATION -- VERIFIABILITY AND FALSIFIABILITY -- EMPIRICAL CONTENT OR "TRUTHFULNESS" -- CONTINGENCY AND CERTAINTY -- "FACT" AND "THEORY" IN SCIENTIFIC USE -- ERROR AND FRAUD IN SCIENCE -- THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD IN PRACTICE -- A HISTORICAL PARADIGM: MENDEL'S DISCOVERY OF THE LAWS OF HEREDITY -- DESTRUCTION OF KNOWLEDGE BY IDEOLOGY: LYSENKO AND GENETICS IN THE SOVIET UNION -- THE CURIOUS CASE OF DARWIN, OR THE DISCREPANCY BETWEEN WHAT SCIENTISTS SAY AND WHAT THEY DO -- THEORY REPLACEMENT: PHLOGISTON AND LAVOISIER -- THEORY REPLACEMENT: NEWTONIAN MECHANICS AND EINSTEIN -- HURRIED SCIENCE: ROBERT KOCH'S FAILED TUBERCULOSIS VACCINE -- EXPLANATORY CONTEXT OF DISCOVERY, OR WHY EMPIRICAL TESTING IS NOT ENOUGH: AVERY'S DNA AND WEGENER'S CONTINENTAL DRIFT.

SOCIAL MECHANISMS: PEER REVIEW AND PUBLICATION -- 10 - Reduction and Emergence -- INTRODUCTION -- REDUCTIONISM -- THREE ISSUES: ONTOLOGICAL, METHODOLOGICAL, AND EPISTEMOLOGICAL REDUCTION -- ONTOLOGICAL REDUCTION -- METHODOLOGICAL REDUCTION -- EPISTEMOLOGICAL REDUCTION -- EMERGENCE -- CONDITIONS FOR EPISTEMOLOGICAL REDUCTION -- FROM BIOLOGY TO PHYSICS? -- CONSCIOUSNESS AND THE BRAIN -- 11 - Microevolution and Macroevolution: A New Evolutionary Synthesis? -- INTRODUCTION -- RECTANGULAR EVOLUTION VERSUS GRADUALISM -- THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION -- GOULD'S THEORY -- Darwinian Logic -- Theoretical Propositions -- The Autonomy of Macroevolution -- Tempo and Mode in Evolution -- Eocoelia: Punctuated or Gradual Evolution? -- Gene Evolution Versus Species Selection -- The Spandrels of San Marco -- Hierarchy and Epistemological Emergence -- THE AUTONOMY OF MACROEVOLUTION -- III - Ethics, Aesthetics, and Religion -- 12 - Ethics -- INTRODUCTION -- DARWIN AND THE MORAL SENSE -- MORAL BEHAVIOR VERSUS MORAL NORMS -- DARWINIAN AFTERMATH -- MORAL BEHAVIOR AS RATIONAL BEHAVIOR -- CONDITIONS FOR ETHICAL BEHAVIOR -- ADAPTATION OR EXAPTATION? -- ALTRUISM AND GROUP SELECTION -- WHENCE MORAL CODES? -- SOCIOBIOLOGY'S ACCOUNT OF MORAL BEHAVIOR -- ALTRUISM: BIOLOGICAL AND MORAL -- GENE-CULTURE COEVOLUTION -- 13 - Aesthetics -- INTRODUCTION -- ORIGINS -- OLDOWAN AND ACHEULEAN CULTURES -- MOUSTERIAN CULTURE AND NEANDERTHALS -- SYMBOLISM AND AESTHETICS: AURIGNACIAN AND MAGDALENIAN CULTURES -- 14 - Religion -- INTRODUCTION -- RELIGION -- CREATION -- GOD'S WORLD -- NATURAL THEOLOGY -- THE BRIDGEWATER TREATISES -- ORGANISMS -- COPERNICUS AND DARWIN -- EVOLUTION AND THE BIBLE -- EVIL, PAIN, AND SIN -- EVOLUTION'S ACCOUNT -- THE NEW ATHEISTS -- EVOLUTION AND FAITH -- 15 - Law and the Courts -- INTRODUCTION -- SCIENCE AND THE COURTS.

THE FRYE DECISION: SEVEN DECADES WITHOUT APPROPRIATE SCIENCE -- DAUBERT: A NEW FOCUS ON SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE -- DETERMINING SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY -- SCIENTIFIC CRITERIA FOR SCIENTIFIC CLAIMS -- SCIENCE IN THE COURTS -- EXAMPLES OF GOOD SCIENCE: GREGOR MENDEL -- GOOD AND BAD SCIENCE: ROBERT KOCH AND TUBERCULOSIS -- INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS -- CONCERN FOR REJECTING IDEAS THAT ARE RIGHT -- DAUBERT'S AFTERMATH -- 16 - Intelligent Design -- INTRODUCTION -- THE DESIGN ARGUMENT -- THE DESIGN ARGUMENT IN ANTIQUITY -- CHRISTIAN AND ISLAM AUTHORS -- HUME'S CRITIQUE -- NATURAL THEOLOGY -- A POLITICAL MOVE -- MOLLUSKS' EYES -- NO EVIDENCE, NO SCIENCE -- BACTERIAL FLAGELLUM, BLOOD CLOTTING, IMMUNE SYSTEM -- GAMBLING WITHOUT NATURAL SELECTION -- COUNTERPOINT -- CREATIONISM -- 17 - Human Evolution, Genetic Engineering, and Cloning -- INTRODUCTION -- HUMAN ORIGINS -- CULTURAL EVOLUTION -- BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION IN MODERN HUMANS -- FUTURE NATURAL SELECTION -- GENETIC DISORDERS -- THE FUTURE -- GENETIC THERAPY -- H. J. MULLER'S FORECAST -- CLONING -- THE GENOTYPE AND THE INDIVIDUAL -- CLONING HUMANS? -- THERAPEUTIC CLONING -- Glossary -- References -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Back Cover.

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