Nanotechnology and Ethical Governance in the European Union and China : Towards a Global Approach for Science and Technology.
By: Dalton-Brown, Sally.Material type: TextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2015Copyright date: ©2015Description: 1 online resource (235 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783319182339.Subject(s): Economics | Ethics | Humanities | Technology_xPhilosophyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Nanotechnology and Ethical Governance in the European Union and China : Towards a Global Approach for Science and TechnologyDDC classification: 170 LOC classification: HB71-74Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
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Acknowledgments -- Contents -- Abbreviations (Acronyms) -- Chapter 1: Introductory Context -- 1.1 New Concerns? -- 1.2 Global Cooperation? -- 1.3 Increased Public Participation -- References -- Chapter 2: What Is Nanotechnology, and What Should We Be Worried About? -- 2.1 Products for the Public -- 2.2 Approaching Nanoethics -- 2.2.1 Hypothetical Nanoethics? Science Fiction and Nanotechnology -- 2.2.2 Nanoethics Debates in the EU and in China -- 2.3 Debates on Nanoethics - EU -- 2.4 Debates on Nanoethics: China -- References -- Chapter 3: Bioethics as an Approach to Nanoethics in China and the EU -- 3.1 The GM Controversy -- 3.2 Back to the Bioethics Debate -- 3.2.1 Social Values and Bioethics: Informing the Nanodebate in the EU -- 22.214.171.124 EU Social Values -- 126.96.36.199 EU Bioethics Guidelines -- 188.8.131.52 Guiding Principles: Dignity and Other Principles -- 184.108.40.206 EU Public Attitudes to S&T, and the Precautionary Principle -- 3.2.2 Social Values and Bioethics: Informing the Nanodebate in China -- 220.127.116.11 Asian Social Values -- 18.104.22.168 Chinese Bioethics Guidelines -- 22.214.171.124 Communitarianism and Other Principles -- 126.96.36.199 Attitudes to S&T in China -- 3.2.3 Global Bioethics/Global Nanoethics? -- 3.3 Which Values for a Global Bioethics? Or Should We Consider Processes? -- References -- Chapter 4: Nanoregulation -- 4.1 What Are the Risks, and What Regulatory Approaches Might We Take? -- 4.1.1 Risks -- 4.1.2 Four Types of Regulatory Approaches -- 4.2 Nanoregulation in the EU -- 4.2.1 EU Nanotechnology Advisory Groups: EGE, HLEG, ETAG and EGAIS -- 4.2.2 EU Priorities in Nanogovernance -- 4.2.3 EU Achievements in Nanoregulation: EU-CoC and REACH -- 4.3 Nanoregulation in China -- 4.4 Global Nanopolicy -- 4.4.1 The OECD (WPM and WPMN) -- 188.8.131.52 The Discussion Thus Far -- References.
Chapter 5: pTA (Participatory Technology Assessment), Habermas's Dialogue/Discourse Ethics and Nanofora -- 5.1 Agency as a Global Idea? -- 5.2 Technology Assessment (TA) and Participatory Technology Assessment (pTA) -- 5.2.1 The Public Trust Issue -- 5.2.2 The 'Legitimisation' Effect of Public Participation -- 5.2.3 New Forms of Governance? -- 5.2.4 Educating Citizens and Policymakers -- 5.2.5 Self-Reflection and Bridge-Building -- 5.3 pTA in Europe -- 5.4 pTA in China -- 5.5 How pTA Works (and Why Habermas?) -- 5.5.1 The Logistics of a pTA Event -- 5.5.2 Power and Pluralism -- 5.5.3 Education? -- 5.5.4 Other Logistical Issues: Size, Timeline and Methodology -- References -- Chapter 6: The Virtuous Discourse Agent -- 6.1 The Species Ethic as Universal? -- 6.2 Reason as a Universal Virtue? -- 6.2.1 Ubuntu -- 6.3 Emancipatory Knowledge -- 6.4 Dialectical Agency -- 6.4.1 Inclusive Dialecticism and Dialogue -- 6.5 Autonomy as a (Non)Universal Virtue? -- 6.6 Intersubjectivity -- 6.7 Global or Universal Virtues -- References -- Chapter 7: Universalism Versus Relativism -- 7.1 Problems with Universalism and Relativism -- 7.2 Communitarianism and Cosmopolitanism -- 7.2.1 Identity -- 7.3 Habermas's Universalisation Principle -- 7.3.1 Deriving the Universal -- 184.108.40.206 Decentralisation -- 220.127.116.11 Recognition -- 18.104.22.168 The Responsibility of Reciprocity -- 22.214.171.124 Negotiation and Consensus -- 126.96.36.199 Creating Identity -- 7.3.2 Identity Formation and Nanoethics -- References -- Chapter 8: Conclusion: Discourse Ethics and the Dialectics of East-West Intersubjectivity -- References -- Appendix: African Nanoethics -- References.
This book addresses questions surrounding the feasibility of a global approach to ethical governance of science and technology. The emergence and rapid spread of nanotechnology offers a test case for how the world might act when confronted with a technology that could transform the global economy and provide solutions to issues such as pollution, while potentially creating new environmental and health risks. The author compares ethical issues identified by stakeholders in China and the EU about the rapid introduction of this potentially transformative technology - a fitting framework for an exploration of global agency. The study explores the discourse ethics and participatory Technology Assessment (pTA) inspired by the work of Jürgen Habermas to argue that different views can be universally recognized and agreed upon, perhaps within an ideal global community of communication. The book offers a developed discourse model, utilizing virtue ethics as well as the work of Taylor, Beck, Korsgaard and others on identity formation, as a way forward in the context of global ethics. The author seeks to develop new vocabularies of comparison, to discover shared aspects of identity and to achieve, hopefully, an 'intercultural personhood' that may lead to a global ethics. The book offers a useful guide for researchers on methods for advancing societal understanding of science and technology. The author addresses a broad audience, from philosophers, ethicists and scientists, to the interested general reader. For the layperson, one chapter surveys nanoissues as depicted in fiction and another offers a view of how an ordinary citizen can act as a global agent of change in ethics.
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