Harmonies of Disorder : Norbert Wiener: A Mathematician-Philosopher of Our Time.

By: Montagnini, LeoneMaterial type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on DemandSpringer Biographies: Publisher: Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2017Copyright date: ©2017Description: 1 online resource (319 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783319506579Subject(s): Mathematicians--United States--BiographyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Harmonies of Disorder : Norbert Wiener: A Mathematician-Philosopher of Our TimeDDC classification: 510 LOC classification: QA1-939Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Foreword -- A Baedeker for our Challenging and Troubled Times -- Contents -- Abbreviations for Archives -- Introduction -- (1894-1918) -- 1 Formative Years -- 1.1 Family Roots -- 1.2 Clay of New England -- 1.3 Child Prodigy -- 1.4 From Evolutionary Positivism to Pragmatism -- 1.5 In the Temple of American Philosophy -- 1.6 The Positivistic Idealism of Santayana -- 1.7 The Idealism of Royce -- 1.8 Royce's Seminar on Scientific Method -- 2 The Young Philosopher of Mathematics -- 2.1 The Choice of the Philosophy of Mathematics -- 2.2 Bertrand Russell -- 2.3 The Term Under Husserl -- 2.4 Philosophy of Relativism -- 2.5 A Future Mathematician with a Future Poet: Wiener and Eliot -- 2.6 Wiener's Logical Research and the "No" from Harvard -- 2.7 The University of Maine -- 2.8 Collaboration with the Encyclopedia Americana -- (1919-1939) -- 3 Interwar Scientific Research -- 3.1 An Unorthodox Mathematical Education -- 3.2 From Harvard University to Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- 3.3 Wiener's First Steps in Mathematical Research -- 3.4 Wiener's New Esthetic Sense in Science -- 3.5 The Influence of Peirce via Royce on Wiener's Science -- 3.6 Wiener's Leibnizian Framework -- 3.7 Pragmatic Factors in the Fertility of Wiener's Science -- 3.8 Researches Alongside Engineers -- 3.9 Participation in Projects to Build Technical Equipments -- 3.10 Research Alongside Physicists -- 4 Reflections on Science and Technology -- 4.1 Mathematics as a Fine Art -- 4.2 The Relation with the Natural Philosophy of J.B.S. Haldane -- 4.3 Arturo Rosenblueth -- 4.4 John von Neumann -- 4.5 "The Role of the Observer" -- 4.6 "The Shattered Nerves of Europe" -- 4.7 Thinking Technology: Matter and Energy -- (1940-1945) -- 5 Wiener and the Computer. Act One -- 5.1 Wiener's Principles for a High Speed Computing Machine -- 5.2 Wiener's Numerical Method.
5.3 The Choice of a Digital and High Speed Architecture -- 5.4 The PDE Project Packed Away in Camphor Balls -- 6 The Research Project on "Anti-aircraft Directors" -- 6.1 Anti-aircraft Directors: A Strategic Project -- 6.2 An Eccentric Idea -- 6.3 Carrying out Research -- 6.4 The First Synthesis: Inclusion of Control in Communication Engineering -- 6.5 The Second Synthesis: Inclusion of Communication in Statistics -- 6.6 The Role of Living Organisms in this Research -- 6.7 "Behavior, Purpose, and Teleology" -- 6.8 The Epilogue of the Research on A. A. Directors -- 6.9 The Paternity of Discoveries and Inventions -- 7 Wiener and Computers. Act 2 -- 7.1 From the NDRC to the OSRD: The Time of Designers and Developers -- 7.2 McCulloch and Pitts -- 7.3 "A Logical Calculus" and Turing Machines -- 7.4 The Collaboration Between Pitts and Wiener -- 7.5 The Manhattan Project and the Los Alamos Laboratory -- 7.6 Von Neumann's Search for Computing Resources -- 7.7 Was Wiener Involved in Work for the Manhattan Project? -- 7.8 A First Phase of Cooperation: January-July 1944 -- 7.9 The ENIAC Before von Neumann -- 7.10 The ENIAC from von Neumann's Arrival -- 7.11 Meanwhile, Wiener with Pitts, Bigelow, and von Neumann … -- 8 From the Princeton Meeting to Hiroshima -- 8.1 The Preliminary Phase of the Princeton Meeting -- 8.2 The Princeton Meeting -- 8.3 The Work of the Four Groups -- 8.4 The "Dark Side" of Cybernetics -- 8.5 Wiener and Rosenblueth Study Cardiac Conduction -- 8.6 At the Height of Enthusiasm -- 8.7 The Nuclear Bombing of Japan and Wiener's Crisis -- (1946-1964) -- 9 "1946" -- 9.1 The MIT Rockefeller Electronic Digital Computer -- 9.2 The Preparatory Phase of the Macy Conferences on Cybernetics -- 9.3 A "Duet" Between Wiener and von Neumann -- 9.4 The Prevalence of Physiology -- 9.5 Social Sciences -- 9.6 The Discussions on Circular Causal Mechanisms.
9.7 Von Neumann's Doubts -- 9.8 A Scientist Rebels -- 10 Cybernetics -- 10.1 The genesis of the book Cybernetics -- 10.2 Clocks and Clouds -- 10.3 Clouds and Communication -- 10.4 The Evolution of Natural and Artificial Automata -- 10.5 The Philosophy of Cybernetics -- 10.6 The New Industrial Revolution -- 10.7 The Information Society -- 10.8 Criticism of Social Engineering -- 10.9 Wiener and the USSR -- 11 After Cybernetics -- 11.1 Wiener and von Neumann in the Cold War -- 11.2 Cybernetics as a "Grammar of the Cold War" -- 11.3 An Anthropology for the Information Society -- 11.4 The Golem and Its Creator -- 11.5 The Butterfly Effect and Limits to Growth -- 11.6 Fertility of Science -- 11.7 The Tempter -- Bibliography -- Outline placeholder -- Norbert Wiener's Complete Chronological Bibliography -- Works of Other Authors -- Index.
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Foreword -- A Baedeker for our Challenging and Troubled Times -- Contents -- Abbreviations for Archives -- Introduction -- (1894-1918) -- 1 Formative Years -- 1.1 Family Roots -- 1.2 Clay of New England -- 1.3 Child Prodigy -- 1.4 From Evolutionary Positivism to Pragmatism -- 1.5 In the Temple of American Philosophy -- 1.6 The Positivistic Idealism of Santayana -- 1.7 The Idealism of Royce -- 1.8 Royce's Seminar on Scientific Method -- 2 The Young Philosopher of Mathematics -- 2.1 The Choice of the Philosophy of Mathematics -- 2.2 Bertrand Russell -- 2.3 The Term Under Husserl -- 2.4 Philosophy of Relativism -- 2.5 A Future Mathematician with a Future Poet: Wiener and Eliot -- 2.6 Wiener's Logical Research and the "No" from Harvard -- 2.7 The University of Maine -- 2.8 Collaboration with the Encyclopedia Americana -- (1919-1939) -- 3 Interwar Scientific Research -- 3.1 An Unorthodox Mathematical Education -- 3.2 From Harvard University to Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- 3.3 Wiener's First Steps in Mathematical Research -- 3.4 Wiener's New Esthetic Sense in Science -- 3.5 The Influence of Peirce via Royce on Wiener's Science -- 3.6 Wiener's Leibnizian Framework -- 3.7 Pragmatic Factors in the Fertility of Wiener's Science -- 3.8 Researches Alongside Engineers -- 3.9 Participation in Projects to Build Technical Equipments -- 3.10 Research Alongside Physicists -- 4 Reflections on Science and Technology -- 4.1 Mathematics as a Fine Art -- 4.2 The Relation with the Natural Philosophy of J.B.S. Haldane -- 4.3 Arturo Rosenblueth -- 4.4 John von Neumann -- 4.5 "The Role of the Observer" -- 4.6 "The Shattered Nerves of Europe" -- 4.7 Thinking Technology: Matter and Energy -- (1940-1945) -- 5 Wiener and the Computer. Act One -- 5.1 Wiener's Principles for a High Speed Computing Machine -- 5.2 Wiener's Numerical Method.

5.3 The Choice of a Digital and High Speed Architecture -- 5.4 The PDE Project Packed Away in Camphor Balls -- 6 The Research Project on "Anti-aircraft Directors" -- 6.1 Anti-aircraft Directors: A Strategic Project -- 6.2 An Eccentric Idea -- 6.3 Carrying out Research -- 6.4 The First Synthesis: Inclusion of Control in Communication Engineering -- 6.5 The Second Synthesis: Inclusion of Communication in Statistics -- 6.6 The Role of Living Organisms in this Research -- 6.7 "Behavior, Purpose, and Teleology" -- 6.8 The Epilogue of the Research on A. A. Directors -- 6.9 The Paternity of Discoveries and Inventions -- 7 Wiener and Computers. Act 2 -- 7.1 From the NDRC to the OSRD: The Time of Designers and Developers -- 7.2 McCulloch and Pitts -- 7.3 "A Logical Calculus" and Turing Machines -- 7.4 The Collaboration Between Pitts and Wiener -- 7.5 The Manhattan Project and the Los Alamos Laboratory -- 7.6 Von Neumann's Search for Computing Resources -- 7.7 Was Wiener Involved in Work for the Manhattan Project? -- 7.8 A First Phase of Cooperation: January-July 1944 -- 7.9 The ENIAC Before von Neumann -- 7.10 The ENIAC from von Neumann's Arrival -- 7.11 Meanwhile, Wiener with Pitts, Bigelow, and von Neumann … -- 8 From the Princeton Meeting to Hiroshima -- 8.1 The Preliminary Phase of the Princeton Meeting -- 8.2 The Princeton Meeting -- 8.3 The Work of the Four Groups -- 8.4 The "Dark Side" of Cybernetics -- 8.5 Wiener and Rosenblueth Study Cardiac Conduction -- 8.6 At the Height of Enthusiasm -- 8.7 The Nuclear Bombing of Japan and Wiener's Crisis -- (1946-1964) -- 9 "1946" -- 9.1 The MIT Rockefeller Electronic Digital Computer -- 9.2 The Preparatory Phase of the Macy Conferences on Cybernetics -- 9.3 A "Duet" Between Wiener and von Neumann -- 9.4 The Prevalence of Physiology -- 9.5 Social Sciences -- 9.6 The Discussions on Circular Causal Mechanisms.

9.7 Von Neumann's Doubts -- 9.8 A Scientist Rebels -- 10 Cybernetics -- 10.1 The genesis of the book Cybernetics -- 10.2 Clocks and Clouds -- 10.3 Clouds and Communication -- 10.4 The Evolution of Natural and Artificial Automata -- 10.5 The Philosophy of Cybernetics -- 10.6 The New Industrial Revolution -- 10.7 The Information Society -- 10.8 Criticism of Social Engineering -- 10.9 Wiener and the USSR -- 11 After Cybernetics -- 11.1 Wiener and von Neumann in the Cold War -- 11.2 Cybernetics as a "Grammar of the Cold War" -- 11.3 An Anthropology for the Information Society -- 11.4 The Golem and Its Creator -- 11.5 The Butterfly Effect and Limits to Growth -- 11.6 Fertility of Science -- 11.7 The Tempter -- Bibliography -- Outline placeholder -- Norbert Wiener's Complete Chronological Bibliography -- Works of Other Authors -- Index.

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