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The Geography of Environmental Crime : Conservation, Wildlife Crime and Environmental Activism.

By: Potter, Gary R.
Contributor(s): Nurse, Angus | Hall, Matthew.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Palgrave Studies in Green Criminology Ser: Publisher: London : Palgrave Macmillan Limited, 2016Copyright date: ©2016Description: 1 online resource (256 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781137538437.Subject(s): Critical criminologyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: The Geography of Environmental Crime : Conservation, Wildlife Crime and Environmental ActivismDDC classification: 364.145 LOC classification: HV6001-7220.5Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
"Acknowledgements" -- "Contents" -- "List of Figures" -- "List of Tables" -- "Notes on Contributors" -- "1: The Geography of Environmental Crime" -- "References" -- "Part I: Perspectives on Conservation Crimes" -- "2: Poaching, Trade, and Consumption of Tiger Parts in the Bangladesh Sundarbans" -- " Introduction" -- " Methods" -- " Study Area" -- " Sampling Strategy and Interview Approach" -- " Results" -- " Tiger Killing in the Bangladesh Sundarbans" -- " Villagers" -- " Poachers" -- " Shikaris" -- " Pirates" -- " Trappers" -- " Local Usage of Tiger Parts" -- " Trade of Tiger Parts" -- " Discussion" -- " Conservation Recommendations" -- " Conclusion" -- "References" -- "3: Radical Environmentalism and  the Role of Nature" -- " Introduction" -- " Radical Environmentalism and Green Criminology" -- " Radical Environmentalism and Nature–Human Relationships" -- " Conceptual Foundations" -- " The Research" -- " The Problem of Articulation" -- " Becoming an Activist" -- " Transcendent Power of Nature" -- " Connection" -- " Communication" -- " Grief" -- " Interconnection, Kinship, and Responsibility" -- " Nature, Agency, Identity, and Activism" -- " The Role of Nature" -- "References" -- "4: Be Afraid, Be Very Afraid of … the Environmental Activist? Ideological War, Coercive Justice, and Orwellian Dystopia" -- " Introduction" -- " Methodology" -- " Legal Aspects" -- " Growth of a Movement and Change in Tactics" -- " Leaderless Resistance and Eco-Terrorist Legislation" -- " Findings" -- " Murderer Linked to Radical Environmental Movements?" -- " ‘Leaderless Resistance’" -- " Legislative, Policy, and Media Response" -- " Consequences and Erosion of Civil Liberties" -- " Does This Amount to Terrorism?" -- " Violence and Overall Threat—A Social Construction".
" ‘Leaderless Resistance’, Informal Leaders, and Social Isolation" -- " Life is Sacred" -- " Demonising Your Opponent" -- " Vested Interests" -- " Use of Propaganda" -- " Consequences" -- " Increased Surveillance and Erosion of Civil Rights" -- " Political Prisoners" -- " Is It All Worth It?" -- " Justifying Counter-Terrorism" -- " For the Environmental Groups" -- " Conclusion" -- "References" -- "Part II: Crime Prevention and Detection" -- "5: Tackling Illegal Wildlife Trade by Improving Traceability: A Case Study of the Potential for Stable Isotope Analysis" -- " Legal and Illegal Wildlife Trade" -- " The Importance of Traceability" -- " Traceability and Wildlife Trade" -- " Existing Traceability Methods and Technologies with Application to  Wildlife Trade" -- " Continuous Traceability Methods" -- " External Physical Marking Methods" -- " Chemical Markers" -- " Particle Markers" -- " Visible Implants (VIs)" -- " Barcodes" -- " Electronic Tagging" -- " Tamper Evident Seals and Boxes" -- " Forensic Traceability Methods" -- " Visual Identification" -- " DNA Barcoding" -- " Stable Isotope Analysis" -- " The Case for Wildlife Trade Traceability" -- "References" -- "6: ‘Do Some Anti-Poaching, Kill Some Bad Guys, and Do Some Good’: Manhunting, Accumulation, and Pacification in African Conservation" -- " Introduction" -- " IAPF, VETPAW, and the Emergence of ‘Warrior Conservation’" -- " Eviction and Exclusion: Primitive Accumulation and the ‘War on Poachers’" -- " Poaching, Hunting, and Property: Colonial Transformation" -- " Pacification, Poaching, and Police" -- " Conclusion" -- "References" -- "7: Keeping the Horn on the Rhino: A Study of Balule Nature Reserve" -- " Introduction" -- " Literature Review" -- " Wildlife Crime and Green/Conservation Criminology".
" Wildlife Crime and Environmental Criminology" -- " Method" -- " Findings on the Etiology of Rhino-Poaching" -- " Rhinos and Routine Activities" -- " Rhinos and Rational Choices" -- " Findings on the Balule Rhino Conservation Model" -- " Sociopolitical Context" -- " Poaching Risk Assessment for Balule Nature Reserve" -- " Organizational Model" -- " Situational Prevention Measures at Balule" -- " Discussion of Strengths and Weaknesses of the Balule Conservation Model" -- " Recommendations for Improving Governance in Balule Nature Reserve and Other Anti-­poaching Contexts" -- " Conclusion" -- "References" -- "Part III: Critical Perspectives on Policy and Enforcement" -- "8: Enforcement and Professional Constructions of Environmental Crime in Finland" -- " Introduction" -- " Environmental Crime in Finland" -- " Professional Construction of Environmental Crime" -- " Professional Frames" -- " Professional Identity" -- " Data and Method" -- " Findings" -- " Police Officers’ Social Constructions of Environmental Crime" -- " Linking Environmental and Economic Crime" -- " Economics of environmental crime investigation" -- " Environmental Values" -- " Assumption of Hidden Crime" -- " Environmental Inspection Authorities’ Social Constructions of Environmental Crime" -- " Financial Aspects of Environmental Offences" -- " Focus on Environmental Protection" -- " Crime Reporting" -- " Discussion" -- " Conclusion" -- "References" -- "9: ‘I Don’t See Myself as a Criminal’: Motivation and Neutralization of Illegal Hunting by Swedish Norrland Hunters" -- " Theoretical Background" -- " Motives, the Drivers of Deviance" -- " Neutralization Techniques and Hunting" -- " Method" -- " Findings" -- " Motivational Drivers Behind Illegal Hunting" -- " Neutralization of Illegal Hunting" -- " Conclusions" -- "References".
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"Acknowledgements" -- "Contents" -- "List of Figures" -- "List of Tables" -- "Notes on Contributors" -- "1: The Geography of Environmental Crime" -- "References" -- "Part I: Perspectives on Conservation Crimes" -- "2: Poaching, Trade, and Consumption of Tiger Parts in the Bangladesh Sundarbans" -- " Introduction" -- " Methods" -- " Study Area" -- " Sampling Strategy and Interview Approach" -- " Results" -- " Tiger Killing in the Bangladesh Sundarbans" -- " Villagers" -- " Poachers" -- " Shikaris" -- " Pirates" -- " Trappers" -- " Local Usage of Tiger Parts" -- " Trade of Tiger Parts" -- " Discussion" -- " Conservation Recommendations" -- " Conclusion" -- "References" -- "3: Radical Environmentalism and  the Role of Nature" -- " Introduction" -- " Radical Environmentalism and Green Criminology" -- " Radical Environmentalism and Nature–Human Relationships" -- " Conceptual Foundations" -- " The Research" -- " The Problem of Articulation" -- " Becoming an Activist" -- " Transcendent Power of Nature" -- " Connection" -- " Communication" -- " Grief" -- " Interconnection, Kinship, and Responsibility" -- " Nature, Agency, Identity, and Activism" -- " The Role of Nature" -- "References" -- "4: Be Afraid, Be Very Afraid of … the Environmental Activist? Ideological War, Coercive Justice, and Orwellian Dystopia" -- " Introduction" -- " Methodology" -- " Legal Aspects" -- " Growth of a Movement and Change in Tactics" -- " Leaderless Resistance and Eco-Terrorist Legislation" -- " Findings" -- " Murderer Linked to Radical Environmental Movements?" -- " ‘Leaderless Resistance’" -- " Legislative, Policy, and Media Response" -- " Consequences and Erosion of Civil Liberties" -- " Does This Amount to Terrorism?" -- " Violence and Overall Threat—A Social Construction".

" ‘Leaderless Resistance’, Informal Leaders, and Social Isolation" -- " Life is Sacred" -- " Demonising Your Opponent" -- " Vested Interests" -- " Use of Propaganda" -- " Consequences" -- " Increased Surveillance and Erosion of Civil Rights" -- " Political Prisoners" -- " Is It All Worth It?" -- " Justifying Counter-Terrorism" -- " For the Environmental Groups" -- " Conclusion" -- "References" -- "Part II: Crime Prevention and Detection" -- "5: Tackling Illegal Wildlife Trade by Improving Traceability: A Case Study of the Potential for Stable Isotope Analysis" -- " Legal and Illegal Wildlife Trade" -- " The Importance of Traceability" -- " Traceability and Wildlife Trade" -- " Existing Traceability Methods and Technologies with Application to  Wildlife Trade" -- " Continuous Traceability Methods" -- " External Physical Marking Methods" -- " Chemical Markers" -- " Particle Markers" -- " Visible Implants (VIs)" -- " Barcodes" -- " Electronic Tagging" -- " Tamper Evident Seals and Boxes" -- " Forensic Traceability Methods" -- " Visual Identification" -- " DNA Barcoding" -- " Stable Isotope Analysis" -- " The Case for Wildlife Trade Traceability" -- "References" -- "6: ‘Do Some Anti-Poaching, Kill Some Bad Guys, and Do Some Good’: Manhunting, Accumulation, and Pacification in African Conservation" -- " Introduction" -- " IAPF, VETPAW, and the Emergence of ‘Warrior Conservation’" -- " Eviction and Exclusion: Primitive Accumulation and the ‘War on Poachers’" -- " Poaching, Hunting, and Property: Colonial Transformation" -- " Pacification, Poaching, and Police" -- " Conclusion" -- "References" -- "7: Keeping the Horn on the Rhino: A Study of Balule Nature Reserve" -- " Introduction" -- " Literature Review" -- " Wildlife Crime and Green/Conservation Criminology".

" Wildlife Crime and Environmental Criminology" -- " Method" -- " Findings on the Etiology of Rhino-Poaching" -- " Rhinos and Routine Activities" -- " Rhinos and Rational Choices" -- " Findings on the Balule Rhino Conservation Model" -- " Sociopolitical Context" -- " Poaching Risk Assessment for Balule Nature Reserve" -- " Organizational Model" -- " Situational Prevention Measures at Balule" -- " Discussion of Strengths and Weaknesses of the Balule Conservation Model" -- " Recommendations for Improving Governance in Balule Nature Reserve and Other Anti-­poaching Contexts" -- " Conclusion" -- "References" -- "Part III: Critical Perspectives on Policy and Enforcement" -- "8: Enforcement and Professional Constructions of Environmental Crime in Finland" -- " Introduction" -- " Environmental Crime in Finland" -- " Professional Construction of Environmental Crime" -- " Professional Frames" -- " Professional Identity" -- " Data and Method" -- " Findings" -- " Police Officers’ Social Constructions of Environmental Crime" -- " Linking Environmental and Economic Crime" -- " Economics of environmental crime investigation" -- " Environmental Values" -- " Assumption of Hidden Crime" -- " Environmental Inspection Authorities’ Social Constructions of Environmental Crime" -- " Financial Aspects of Environmental Offences" -- " Focus on Environmental Protection" -- " Crime Reporting" -- " Discussion" -- " Conclusion" -- "References" -- "9: ‘I Don’t See Myself as a Criminal’: Motivation and Neutralization of Illegal Hunting by Swedish Norrland Hunters" -- " Theoretical Background" -- " Motives, the Drivers of Deviance" -- " Neutralization Techniques and Hunting" -- " Method" -- " Findings" -- " Motivational Drivers Behind Illegal Hunting" -- " Neutralization of Illegal Hunting" -- " Conclusions" -- "References".

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CHOICE Review

This book is part of the "Palgrave Studies in Green Criminology" series. Green criminology is a subdiscipline focused on environmental crime and its connection to other forms of crime. The book is an edited volume of chapters contributed by various authors. The book contains three parts ("Perspectives on Conservation Crimes," "Crime Prevention and Detection," and "Critical Perspectives on Policy and Enforcement") and consists of nine chapters. The individual chapters stand alone, such that the book represents selective cases and perspectives on the topic, rather than a primer. There is an introductory chapter by the editors, but no conclusion of synthesis chapter. African, Asian, and European examples are represented by the chapters; yet, no chapters focused North or South America are included. This book will serve best as a reference and source for those immersed in the academic field of green criminology; it is less suited for classes--although selected chapters could be valuable as part of course readings. Summing Up: Recommended. With the caveats above. Researchers and faculty only. --John F. Organ, University of Massachusetts Amherst

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Gary Potter is Senior Lecturer in Criminology at the University of Lancaster, UK. Angus Nurse is Director of Criminology and Sociology programmes at Middlesex University School of Law, UK. Matthew Hall is Professor of Law and Criminal Justice and Director of Research at the University of Lincoln School of Law, UK.

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