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Library Journal Review
Ross (criminal justice, Univ. of Baltimore; coauthor, Beyond Bars: Rejoining Society After Prison) defines street crime as crime connected to the urban lifestyle, against people and property, and committed in both public and private places. He adroitly compiles informative essays on every aspect of this definition, focusing on street crime in the largest U.S. cities. The work contains 175 alphabetically arranged entries on criminals and their victims, publicly charted criminal justice agencies, seminal figures in the battle against street crime, major criminal justice initiatives, important cases, and theories concerning street crime's causation. The well-written and well-researched articles, by 146 scholars representing major universities across the country, range in length from a few hundred words to several pages. All are signed, cross-referenced, and offer further-reading suggestions. Features include an alphabetical listing of articles, a thematic subject guide that groups entries into nine major headings, a chronology that provides a historical perspective of street crime in America, a glossary, an appendix of street crime trends in America's 25 largest cities over the past 24 years, and a resource guide of monographs, scholarly journals, and websites. This engaging and informative encyclopedia will appeal to criminologists, criminal justice practitioners, students of criminology/criminal justice, and members of the general public with an interest in street crime. VERDICT An outstanding one-volume source on a subject that regularly makes headlines. Researchers and readers at all levels will value highly its compelling information, ease of use, and sensible organization.-Rob Tench, Old Dominion Univ. Lib., Norfolk, VA (c) Copyright 2013. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
The bittersweet nature of encyclopedias is evident when what they include is less notable than what they leave out. The Encyclopedia of Street Crime, after defining "street crime" as crime "connected to the urban lifestyle," lacks any mention of active shooters, Cesare Lombroso (called "the father of modern criminology"), deviance, Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE), the Occupy movement, the RAND study (a key 1975 study of police investigative techniques), recidivism, and sovereign citizens. Despite these big omissions, readers will learn a considerable amount from this volume. Written in a readable style and eschewing theory for people and places, this is the perfect starter volume for a high school or undergraduate term paper. It offers 175 entries ranging from "Alcohol and Drug Testing, On Scene" to "Zero-Tolerance/Saturation Policing." Helpful features include a glossary, time line, resource guide, and graphs of urban crime covering the last 25 years. Summing Up: Recommended. High school, public, and general academic libraries. A. C. Aycock Campbell University