# The Emperors New Mind : Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics.

##### By: Penrose, Roger.

##### Contributor(s): Gardner, Martin.

Material type: BookSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 2014Copyright date: ©1999Description: 1 online resource (755 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780191506406.Subject(s): Artificial intelligence | Computers | Physics -- Philosophy | Science -- Philosophy | Thought and thinkingGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: The Emperors New Mind : Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of PhysicsDDC classification: 006.32 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.Item type | Current location | Call number | URL | Status | Date due | Barcode |
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Electronic Book | UT Tyler Online Online | Q335 -- .P415 1999 (Browse shelf) | https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=1107726 | Available | EBC1107726 |

Cover Page -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Note the Reader -- Acknowledgments -- Figure Acknowledgments -- Foreword -- Preface -- Contents -- Prologue -- 1 Can A Computer Have A Mind? -- Introduction -- The Turing test -- Artificial intelligence -- An AI approach to 'pleasure' and 'pain' -- Strong AI and Searle's Chinese room -- Hardware and software -- 2 Algorithms And Turing Machines -- Background to the algorithm concept -- Turing's concept -- Binary coding of numerical data -- The Church-Turing Thesis -- Numbers other than natural numbers -- The universal Turing machine -- The insolubility of Hilbert's problem -- How to outdo an algorithm -- Church's lambda calculus -- 3 Mathematics And Reality -- The land of Tor'Bled-Nam -- Real numbers -- How many real numbers are there? -- 'Reality' of real numbers -- Complex numbers -- Construction of the Mandelbrot set -- Platonic reality of mathematical concepts? -- 4 Truth, Proof, And Insight -- Hilbert's programme for mathematics -- Formal mathematical systems -- Gödel's theorem -- Mathematical insight -- Platonism or intuitionism? -- Gödel-type theorems from Turing's result -- Recursively enumerable sets -- Is the Mandelbrot set recursive? -- Some examples of non-recursive mathematics -- Is the Mandelbrot set like non-recursive mathematics? -- Complexity theory -- Complexity and computability in physical things -- 5 The Classical World -- The status of physical theory -- Euclidean geometry -- The dynamics of Galileo and Newton -- The mechanistic world of Newtonian dynamics -- Is life in the billiard-ball world computable? -- Hamiltonian mechanics -- Phase space -- Maxwell's electromagnetic theory -- Computability and the wave equation -- The Lorentz equation of motion -- runaway particles -- The special relativity of Einstein and Poincaré -- Einstein's general relativity.

Relativistic causality and determinism -- Computability in classical physics: where do we stand? -- Mass, matter, and reality -- 6 Quantum Magic And Quantum Mystery -- Do philosophers need quantum theory? -- Problems with classical theory -- The beginnings of quantum theory -- The two-slit experiment -- Probability amplitudes -- The quantum state of a particle -- The uncertainty principle -- The evolution procedures U and R -- Particles in two places at once? -- Hilbert space -- Measurements -- Spin and the Riemann sphere of states -- Objectivity and measurability of quantum states -- Copying a quantum state -- Photon spin -- Objects with large Spin -- Many-particle systems -- The 'paradox' of Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen -- Experiments with photons: a problem for relativity? -- Schrödinger's equation -- Dirac's equation -- Quantum field theory -- Schrödinger's cat -- Various attitudes in existing quantum theory -- Where does all this leave us? -- 7 Cosmology And The Arrow Of Time -- The flow of time -- The inexorable increase of entropy -- What is entropy? -- The second law in action -- The origin of low entropy in the universe -- Cosmology and the big bang -- The primordial fireball -- Does the big bang explain the second law? -- Black holes -- The structure of space-time singularities -- How special was the big bang? -- 8 In Search Of Quantum Gravity -- Why quantum gravity? -- What lies behind the Weyl curvature hypothesis? -- Time-asymmetry in state-vector reduction -- Hawking's box: a link with the Weyl curvature hypothesis? -- When does the state-vector reduce? -- 9 Real Brains And Model Brains -- What are brains actually like? -- Where is the seat of consciousness? -- Split-brain experiments -- Blindsight -- Information processing in the visual cortex -- How do nerve signals work? -- Computer models -- Brain plasticity.

Parallel computers and the 'oneness' of consciousness -- Is there a role for quantum mechanics in brain activity? -- Quantum computers -- Beyond quantum theory? -- 10 Where Lies The Physics Of Mind? -- What are minds for? -- What does consciousness actually do? -- Natural selection of algorithms? -- The non-algorithmic nature of mathematical insight -- Inspiration, insight, and originality -- Non-verbality of thought -- Animal consciousness? -- Contact with Plato's world -- A view of physical reality -- Determinism and strong determinism -- The anthropic principle -- Tilings and quasicrystals -- Possible relevance to brain plasticity -- The time-delays of consciousness -- The strange role of time in conscious perception -- Conclusion: a child's view -- Epilogue -- References -- Index -- Footnotes.

For many decades, the proponents of `artificial intelligence' have maintained that computers will soon be able to do everything that a human can do. In his bestselling work of popular science, Sir Roger Penrose takes us on a fascinating roller-coaster ride through the basic principles of physics, cosmology, mathematics, and philosophy to show that human thinking can never be emulated by a machine.

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