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APIC, Volume 36 : Knowledge-Based Systems and Legal Applications.

By: Bench-Capon, Trevor.
Material type: TextTextSeries: Apic Ser: Publisher: Kent : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2015Copyright date: ©1991Description: 1 online resource (388 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781483295343.Subject(s): Expert systems (Computer science) | Information storage and retrieval systems -- Law | Law -- Data processingGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: APIC, Volume 36 : Knowledge-Based Systems and Legal ApplicationsDDC classification: 340/.0285 LOC classification: K87.K588 1991Online resources: Click here to view book
Contents:
Front Cover -- Knowledge-Based Systems and Legal Applications -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contens -- PREFACE -- BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION -- PART I: CONTEXT -- CHAPTER 1. THE REPRESENTATION OF LAW IN COMPUTER PROGRAMS -- 1.1. INTRODUCTION -- 1.2. SCOPE OF THE SURVEY -- 1.3. HISTORICAL OVERVIEW -- 1.4. POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATIONS AND ISSUES ARISING -- 1.5. MODELS OF LEGAL EXPERTISE -- 1.6. ALGORITHMIC REPRESENTATIONS OF LAW -- 1.7. Algorithmic programs -- 1.8. EXPLICIT REPRESENTATIONS OF LAW -- 1.9. LEGOL AND NORMA -- 1.10. REPRESENTING LAW AS LOGIC PROGRAMS -- 1.11. THE DRAFTING OF LEGISLATION -- 1.12. TAXMAN I -- 1.13. CONCEPTUAL MODELS AND DOCUMENT RETRIEVAL -- 1.14. SYSTEMS THAT COMBINE STATUTES AND CASE LAW -- 1.15. Meldman -- 1.16. TAXMAN II AND LANGUAGE FOR LEGAL DISCOURSE -- 1.17. CASE-BASED REASONING -- CHAPTER 2. THE OPPORTUNITIES OF THE DHSS DEMONSTRATOR PROJECT -- 2.1. THE ALVEY DHSS DEMONSTRATOR PROJECT -- 22. A CONCERTED APPROACH TO A VARIETY OF APPLICATIONS -- 23. BREADTH OF REMIT -- 2.4. CLOSENESS OF THE CUSTOMER ORGANIZATION -- 2.5. SIZE OF THE APPLICATIONS -- 2.6. SUMMARY -- PART II: TASKS -- CHAPTER 3. A SUPPORT ENVIRONMENT FOR ADJUDICATORS -- 3.1. ADJUDICATION, ADJUDICATORS AND SOCIAL SECURITY -- 3.2. AIMS OF AN ADJUDICATION SUPPORT SYSTEM -- 3.3. SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS -- 3.4. OUTSTANDING PROBLEMS AND CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 4. SUPPORT FOR THE FORMULATION OF LEGISLATION -- 4.1. INTRODUCTION -- 4.2. POLICY MAKERS AND WHAT THEY DO -- 4.3. POSSIBILITIES FOR KBS SUPPORT -- 4.4. Issue Explanation -- 4.5. NATURE OF KBS TO PROVIDE THIS SUPPORT -- 4.6. PROBLEMS -- CHAPTER 5. SUPPORT FOR MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC -- 5.1. KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS FOR CUSTOMERS -- 5.2. KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS FOR SOCIAL SECURITY CLAIMANTS -- 5.3. THE FORMS HELPER -- 5.4. THE ADVICE SYSTEM -- 5.5. CONCLUSIONS -- 5.6. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.
CHAPTER 6. USING A COMMON KNOWLEDGE BASE IN SEVERAL APPLICATIONS -- 6.1. INTRODUCTION -- 6.2. An example -- Conclusions -- PART III: PROTOTYPES -- CHAPTER 7. THE LOCAL OFFICE SYSTEM -- 7.1. INTRODUCTION -- 7.2. EARLY OBJECTIVES -- 7.3. INITIAL AREAS OF INVESTIGATION -- 7.4. THE LOCAL OFFICE APPLICATION -- 7.5. SETTING THE SCOPE OF PROTOTYPES -- 7.6. LOCAL OFFICE DEMONSTRATOR 1 (LOD1) -- 7.7. LOCAL OFFICE DEMONSTRATOR 2 (LOD2) -- 7.8. LOCAL OFFICE DEMONSTRATOR 3 (LOD3) -- 7.9. THE REQUIREMENTS AS FINALLY SEEN FOR LOD3 -- 7.10. THE DESIGN OF LOD3 -- 7.11. EVALUATION OF LOD3 -- 7.12. CONCLUSION -- 7.13. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- CHAPTER 8. THE POLICY SYSTEM -- 8.1. INTRODUCTION -- 8.2. THE HISTORY OF THE POLICY APPLICATION -- 8.3. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROTOTYPES -- 8.4. METHODS -- 8.5. ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENTS -- 8.6. THE FUTURE FOR DSS POLICY FORMULATION SUPPORT -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- CHAPTER 9. THE CLAIMANT ADVICE SYSTEMS -- 9.1. COMMON THEMES -- 9.2. THE CLAIMANT INFORMATION SYSTEMS TEAM -- 9.3. THE FORMS HELPER -- 9.4. THE ADVICE SYSTEM -- 9.5. OTHER EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENTS -- CHAPTER 10. MANAGING A LARGE COLLABORATIVE PROJECT -- 10.1. ORGANIZATION -- 10.2. CULTURE -- 10.3. DESIGN CONTROL -- 10.4. COMMUNICATION -- 10.5. THE PROJECT DOCUMENTATION (PD) SYSTEM -- 10.6. PLANNING -- 10.7. TRAINING -- 10.8. DEMONSTRATIONS -- 10.9. EXTERNAL -- 10.10. LESSONS -- PART IV. ISSUES -- CHAPTER 11. ANALYSING TEXTS FOR KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS -- 11.1 TARGETING -- 11.2. THE DOMAIN -- 11.3. REPRESENTATION AND INFERENCING -- 11.4. KNOWLEDGE ANALYSIS AND KB DESIGN -- 11.5. STRATEGIES ADOPTED IN DEVELOPING AND BUILDING KNOWLEDGE BASES -- 11.6. CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 12. KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION FOR LEGAL APPLICATIONS -- 12.1. INTRODUCTION -- 12.2. PHASES IN A LEGAL KBS AND CONSEQUENCES FOR KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION -- 12.3. ISOMORPHISM TO LEGISLATION.
12.4. ADEQUACY OF EXISTING PARADIGMS -- 12.5. DEFINITIONS -- 12.6. USEFULNESS OF FRAMES -- 12.7. INCOMPLETE INFORMATION AND VAGUENESS -- 12.8. THE ALVEY-DHSS DEMONSTRATOR TOOLKIT -- 12.9. POSSIBLE FUTURE WORK -- 12.10. CONCLUSION -- CHAPTER 13. MIXED INITIATIVE INTERACTION -- 13.1. INTRODUCTION -- 13.2. DIMENSIONS OF MIXED INITIATIVE INTERACTION -- 13.3. MIXED INITIATIVE INTERACTION WITH THE FORMS HELPER I -- 13.4. MIXED INITIATIVE INTERACTION WITH FORMS HELPER II -- 13.5. MIXED INITIATIVE INTERACTION WITH THE ADVICE SYSTEM -- 13.6. CONCLUSION -- CHAPTER 14. GROUP DECISION MAKING -- 14.1. POLICY MAKING WITHIN THE DSS - THE NATURE -- 14.2. POLICY MAKING WITHIN THE DSS - THE NATURE -- 14.3. ISSUES IN GROUP WORKING -- 14.4. THE POTENTIAL FOR COMPUTER SUPPORT FOR -- 14.5. EVALUATING THE POLICY SYSTEM -- 14.6. CONCLUDING REMARKS -- CHAPTER 15. ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS -- 15.1. INTRODUCTION -- 15.2. STAGES -- 15.3. CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 16. KBS APPLIED TO LAW: A FRAMEWORK FOR DISCUSSION -- 16.1. INTRODUCTION -- 16.2. SICKNESS BENEFIT -- 16.3. CONCLUSION -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- Index.
Summary: This book compiles the experience of the largest project in knowledge-based systems and the law yet undertaken. It provides an in-depth introduction to representation of law in computer programs, as well as more advanced discussion and description of large knowledge-based systems building, legal representation, cooperative work, and interface design in the context of the project. Describes the world's largest KBS and law project Contains an authoritative survey of approaches to legal knowledge representation Outlines several prototype systems Discusses the integration of KBS and law issues with HCI and social implications.
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Item type Current location Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
Online
K87.K588 1991 (Browse shelf) https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=1877141 Available EBC1877141

Front Cover -- Knowledge-Based Systems and Legal Applications -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contens -- PREFACE -- BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION -- PART I: CONTEXT -- CHAPTER 1. THE REPRESENTATION OF LAW IN COMPUTER PROGRAMS -- 1.1. INTRODUCTION -- 1.2. SCOPE OF THE SURVEY -- 1.3. HISTORICAL OVERVIEW -- 1.4. POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATIONS AND ISSUES ARISING -- 1.5. MODELS OF LEGAL EXPERTISE -- 1.6. ALGORITHMIC REPRESENTATIONS OF LAW -- 1.7. Algorithmic programs -- 1.8. EXPLICIT REPRESENTATIONS OF LAW -- 1.9. LEGOL AND NORMA -- 1.10. REPRESENTING LAW AS LOGIC PROGRAMS -- 1.11. THE DRAFTING OF LEGISLATION -- 1.12. TAXMAN I -- 1.13. CONCEPTUAL MODELS AND DOCUMENT RETRIEVAL -- 1.14. SYSTEMS THAT COMBINE STATUTES AND CASE LAW -- 1.15. Meldman -- 1.16. TAXMAN II AND LANGUAGE FOR LEGAL DISCOURSE -- 1.17. CASE-BASED REASONING -- CHAPTER 2. THE OPPORTUNITIES OF THE DHSS DEMONSTRATOR PROJECT -- 2.1. THE ALVEY DHSS DEMONSTRATOR PROJECT -- 22. A CONCERTED APPROACH TO A VARIETY OF APPLICATIONS -- 23. BREADTH OF REMIT -- 2.4. CLOSENESS OF THE CUSTOMER ORGANIZATION -- 2.5. SIZE OF THE APPLICATIONS -- 2.6. SUMMARY -- PART II: TASKS -- CHAPTER 3. A SUPPORT ENVIRONMENT FOR ADJUDICATORS -- 3.1. ADJUDICATION, ADJUDICATORS AND SOCIAL SECURITY -- 3.2. AIMS OF AN ADJUDICATION SUPPORT SYSTEM -- 3.3. SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS -- 3.4. OUTSTANDING PROBLEMS AND CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 4. SUPPORT FOR THE FORMULATION OF LEGISLATION -- 4.1. INTRODUCTION -- 4.2. POLICY MAKERS AND WHAT THEY DO -- 4.3. POSSIBILITIES FOR KBS SUPPORT -- 4.4. Issue Explanation -- 4.5. NATURE OF KBS TO PROVIDE THIS SUPPORT -- 4.6. PROBLEMS -- CHAPTER 5. SUPPORT FOR MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC -- 5.1. KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS FOR CUSTOMERS -- 5.2. KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS FOR SOCIAL SECURITY CLAIMANTS -- 5.3. THE FORMS HELPER -- 5.4. THE ADVICE SYSTEM -- 5.5. CONCLUSIONS -- 5.6. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.

CHAPTER 6. USING A COMMON KNOWLEDGE BASE IN SEVERAL APPLICATIONS -- 6.1. INTRODUCTION -- 6.2. An example -- Conclusions -- PART III: PROTOTYPES -- CHAPTER 7. THE LOCAL OFFICE SYSTEM -- 7.1. INTRODUCTION -- 7.2. EARLY OBJECTIVES -- 7.3. INITIAL AREAS OF INVESTIGATION -- 7.4. THE LOCAL OFFICE APPLICATION -- 7.5. SETTING THE SCOPE OF PROTOTYPES -- 7.6. LOCAL OFFICE DEMONSTRATOR 1 (LOD1) -- 7.7. LOCAL OFFICE DEMONSTRATOR 2 (LOD2) -- 7.8. LOCAL OFFICE DEMONSTRATOR 3 (LOD3) -- 7.9. THE REQUIREMENTS AS FINALLY SEEN FOR LOD3 -- 7.10. THE DESIGN OF LOD3 -- 7.11. EVALUATION OF LOD3 -- 7.12. CONCLUSION -- 7.13. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- CHAPTER 8. THE POLICY SYSTEM -- 8.1. INTRODUCTION -- 8.2. THE HISTORY OF THE POLICY APPLICATION -- 8.3. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROTOTYPES -- 8.4. METHODS -- 8.5. ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENTS -- 8.6. THE FUTURE FOR DSS POLICY FORMULATION SUPPORT -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- CHAPTER 9. THE CLAIMANT ADVICE SYSTEMS -- 9.1. COMMON THEMES -- 9.2. THE CLAIMANT INFORMATION SYSTEMS TEAM -- 9.3. THE FORMS HELPER -- 9.4. THE ADVICE SYSTEM -- 9.5. OTHER EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENTS -- CHAPTER 10. MANAGING A LARGE COLLABORATIVE PROJECT -- 10.1. ORGANIZATION -- 10.2. CULTURE -- 10.3. DESIGN CONTROL -- 10.4. COMMUNICATION -- 10.5. THE PROJECT DOCUMENTATION (PD) SYSTEM -- 10.6. PLANNING -- 10.7. TRAINING -- 10.8. DEMONSTRATIONS -- 10.9. EXTERNAL -- 10.10. LESSONS -- PART IV. ISSUES -- CHAPTER 11. ANALYSING TEXTS FOR KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS -- 11.1 TARGETING -- 11.2. THE DOMAIN -- 11.3. REPRESENTATION AND INFERENCING -- 11.4. KNOWLEDGE ANALYSIS AND KB DESIGN -- 11.5. STRATEGIES ADOPTED IN DEVELOPING AND BUILDING KNOWLEDGE BASES -- 11.6. CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 12. KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION FOR LEGAL APPLICATIONS -- 12.1. INTRODUCTION -- 12.2. PHASES IN A LEGAL KBS AND CONSEQUENCES FOR KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION -- 12.3. ISOMORPHISM TO LEGISLATION.

12.4. ADEQUACY OF EXISTING PARADIGMS -- 12.5. DEFINITIONS -- 12.6. USEFULNESS OF FRAMES -- 12.7. INCOMPLETE INFORMATION AND VAGUENESS -- 12.8. THE ALVEY-DHSS DEMONSTRATOR TOOLKIT -- 12.9. POSSIBLE FUTURE WORK -- 12.10. CONCLUSION -- CHAPTER 13. MIXED INITIATIVE INTERACTION -- 13.1. INTRODUCTION -- 13.2. DIMENSIONS OF MIXED INITIATIVE INTERACTION -- 13.3. MIXED INITIATIVE INTERACTION WITH THE FORMS HELPER I -- 13.4. MIXED INITIATIVE INTERACTION WITH FORMS HELPER II -- 13.5. MIXED INITIATIVE INTERACTION WITH THE ADVICE SYSTEM -- 13.6. CONCLUSION -- CHAPTER 14. GROUP DECISION MAKING -- 14.1. POLICY MAKING WITHIN THE DSS - THE NATURE -- 14.2. POLICY MAKING WITHIN THE DSS - THE NATURE -- 14.3. ISSUES IN GROUP WORKING -- 14.4. THE POTENTIAL FOR COMPUTER SUPPORT FOR -- 14.5. EVALUATING THE POLICY SYSTEM -- 14.6. CONCLUDING REMARKS -- CHAPTER 15. ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS -- 15.1. INTRODUCTION -- 15.2. STAGES -- 15.3. CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 16. KBS APPLIED TO LAW: A FRAMEWORK FOR DISCUSSION -- 16.1. INTRODUCTION -- 16.2. SICKNESS BENEFIT -- 16.3. CONCLUSION -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- Index.

This book compiles the experience of the largest project in knowledge-based systems and the law yet undertaken. It provides an in-depth introduction to representation of law in computer programs, as well as more advanced discussion and description of large knowledge-based systems building, legal representation, cooperative work, and interface design in the context of the project. Describes the world's largest KBS and law project Contains an authoritative survey of approaches to legal knowledge representation Outlines several prototype systems Discusses the integration of KBS and law issues with HCI and social implications.

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