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Healing the Wounds of Gukurahundi in Zimbabwe : A Participatory Action Research Project.

By: Ngwenya, Dumisani.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.The Anthropocene: Politik--Economics--Society--Science Ser: Publisher: Cham : Springer, 2017Copyright date: ©2018Description: 1 online resource (282 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783319668185.Subject(s): Zimbabwe African National Union | Zimbabwe-Social conditionsGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Healing the Wounds of Gukurahundi in Zimbabwe : A Participatory Action Research ProjectDDC classification: 306.096891 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Intro -- Foreword -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- Abbreviations -- 1 Healing the Wounds of Gukurahundi -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Motivation for Research -- 1.3 Research Question and Objectives -- 1.4 Scope of the Study and Delimitations -- 1.5 Theoretical Framework -- 1.6 Research Design -- 1.7 Proposed Data Collection Methods -- 1.8 Placing Myself and My Work in the Context of This Study -- 1.9 Research Plan -- 1.10 Structure of the Book -- 1.11 Conclusion -- References -- 2 Background and History of Violence in Matebeleland -- 2.1 Preface -- 2.1.1 The Scale and Intensity of the Gukurahundi Massacres -- 2.2 Background to the Matebeleland Conflict -- 2.2.1 Violence Between the Ndebele and the Whites -- 2.2.2 Violence Between the Ndebele and the Shona -- 2.2.3 The Struggle for Independence and the Growing of the Ndebele/Shona Polarisation -- 2.3 The Matabeleland Violence 1980-1987 -- 2.3.1 The Genesis of the Post-Independence Conflict -- 2.3.2 The Fifth Brigade (Gukurahundi) -- 2.3.2.1 The Acts of the Fifth Brigade -- 2.4 The Current Situation in Matabeleland -- 2.4.1 The Impact of Gukurahundi -- 2.4.1.1 A Hardening of Ethnic Differences -- 2.4.1.2 Fear and Hatred -- 2.4.1.3 Economic Hardships -- 2.4.1.4 Psychological and Physiological Injuries -- 2.4.2 The Unity Accord -- 2.5 Conclusion -- References -- 3 Armed Conflict, Trauma and Peacebuilding -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Psychological Effects of Armed Conflict -- 3.3 Trauma: A Discourse -- 3.3.1 Defining Trauma -- 3.3.2 The Effects of Trauma -- 3.3.3 Negative Outcome -- 3.3.4 The Positive -- 3.3.5 The Neutral -- 3.4 The Relevance of Post Tramatic Stress Disorder in Non-Western Settings -- 3.5 Conceptualising Peacebuilding -- 3.5.1 Transformative Versus Technical Peacebuilding -- 3.6 Trauma and Peacebuilding -- 3.7 Collective Emotions and Collective Trauma.
3.7.1 Collective Emotions and Group-Based Emotions -- 3.7.2 Collective Trauma -- 3.8 Conclusion -- References -- 4 Community Trauma Healing-Theory and Practice -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 The Meaning of Healing After Traumatic Experiences -- 4.3 Components of the Healing Process -- 4.4 Approaches to Healing -- 4.5 Some Necessary Conditions for Healing -- 4.5.1 Justice -- 4.5.2 Truth and Truth-telling -- 4.5.3 Forgiveness as Healing -- 4.6 Reconciliation -- 4.6.1 Thin and Thick Approaches to Reconciliation -- 4.6.2 Towards a Common Understanding of Reconciliation -- 4.7 Case Studies of Community-Driven Healing Processes -- 4.7.1 Chile -- 4.7.2 Rwanda -- 4.7.3 Northern Ireland -- 4.7.4 The International Centre for Conciliation (ICfC) Project -- 4.8 Conclusion -- References -- 5 Participatory Action Research -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 What Is Participatory Action Research? -- 5.3 The Practicality of Participatory Action Research -- 5.4 Participatory Action Research and Social Transformation -- 5.5 Subjectivity in Participatory Action Research -- 5.6 Validity in Participatory Action Research -- 5.7 Principles and Features of Participatory Action Research -- 5.8 Data Collection in Participatory Action Research -- 5.9 Some Participatory Action Research Case Studies -- 5.10 Conclusion -- References -- 6 Research Design, Methodology and Data Collection Methods -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Research Design -- 6.2.1 The Participatory Action Research Group -- 6.2.2 Healing Power of Narratives: A Sub-research Design -- 6.3 Research Methodology -- 6.4 Data Collection Methods -- 6.5 Data Analysis -- 6.6 Validity and Reliability -- 6.7 Ethical Considerations -- 6.8 The Research Story -- 6.8.1 The Context -- 6.8.2 The Research Process -- 6.8.3 Detailed Description of Research Process -- 6.8.3.1 The Writing Workshop -- 6.8.3.2 The Tree of Life Workshop -- 6.9 Limitations.
6.10 Reflection on My Learning Journey -- 6.11 Conclusion -- References -- 7 Evaluating the Participatory Action Research Process -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.1.1 Qualities of Participatory Action Research -- 7.1.1.1 Participation -- 7.1.1.2 Indigenous Knowledge -- 7.1.1.3 Consciousness-Raising -- 7.1.1.4 Political or Collective Action -- 7.2 Stages of Participatory Action Research -- 7.2.1 Inquiry and Planning -- 7.2.2 Action -- 7.2.3 Reflection -- 7.3 Points of Tension -- 7.3.1 Research Knowledge -- 7.3.2 Research Resources -- 7.4 Evaluation of the Tree of Life Workshop -- 7.4.1 'If the Tree Can Survive Under All Those Conditions, I Can also Live Under All These Conditions' -- 7.4.2 Effectiveness of Tree of Life in Other Contexts -- 7.4.3 Effectiveness of Tree of Life Workshop in the Context of This Study -- 7.4.4 Change in Tone of Language and Attitude -- 7.4.5 'Our Branches Have Been Broken' -- 7.5 Lessons from Tree -- 7.5.1 Facing the Everyday Realities -- 7.5.2 Agency -- 7.5.3 Reconciling with Self -- 7.6 Follow up Interviews -- 7.6.1 The Students -- 7.6.2 Interview with J -- 7.7 Conclusion -- References -- 8 Findings and Discussion -- 8.1 The Road to Healing -- 8.2 Sharing the Stories of Suffering -- 8.2.1 Speaking -- 8.2.2 Writing -- 8.3 Hindrances to Healing -- 8.3.1 Repressing the Truth -- 8.3.2 Deep Seated Feelings of Insecurity -- 8.3.3 Impunity -- 8.3.4 Lack of an Apology -- 8.4 Consequences of an Unhealed Past -- 8.4.1 Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma -- 8.4.2 Desire for Vengeance -- 8.4.3 Dysfunctional Relationships -- 8.5 Participants' Overall Assessment of the Research Project -- 8.5.1 Effectiveness of Actions -- 8.5.2 The Research Process -- 8.6 Conclusion -- References -- 9 Contentious Issues -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 On Forgiving and Forgetting -- 9.3 What Heals and What Does not? -- 9.4 The Dilemma of Reparations.
9.5 Correcting the Past -- 9.6 Structural Violence -- 9.7 Conclusion -- References -- 10 Summary, Conclusions and Reflections -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Summary of Findings -- 10.3 Validity, Reliability and Limitations -- 10.4 Summing up-Personal Assessment -- 10.5 Implications -- 10.6 Conclusion -- References -- Appendix A -- Outline placeholder -- Progress Review on the 1979 Grand Plan (Unedited) -- Gift -- Acknowledgement -- Consistency -- Envy -- Imperialists -- Black Jesus -- Illusions -- Legacy -- Betrayal -- Privileges -- Differences -- Dominance -- Mzilikazi -- Ndebele Crimes -- Lazy -- Outline placeholder -- Complexes -- White Settlers -- Land -- Crimes of the White Man -- Freedom -- Outline placeholder -- Partnership -- Objective -- White Wealth -- Scavengers -- Sithole -- Correction -- Sustenance of Illegal Regime -- Strategy -- Reigns -- Outline placeholder -- Flag Independence -- Impediment -- Zapu and Zipra -- 5th Brigade -- Dissidents -- Pretext -- Liquidation -- Achievements -- Combined Effort -- Land -- Website References -- Website References -- On Durban University of Technology -- International Centre of Nonviolence (ICON) -- Grace To Heal (Zimbabwe) -- About the Author -- About the Book -- Index.
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JX5420RC475-489.2KZ6 (Browse shelf) https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=5199621 Available EBC5199621

Intro -- Foreword -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- Abbreviations -- 1 Healing the Wounds of Gukurahundi -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Motivation for Research -- 1.3 Research Question and Objectives -- 1.4 Scope of the Study and Delimitations -- 1.5 Theoretical Framework -- 1.6 Research Design -- 1.7 Proposed Data Collection Methods -- 1.8 Placing Myself and My Work in the Context of This Study -- 1.9 Research Plan -- 1.10 Structure of the Book -- 1.11 Conclusion -- References -- 2 Background and History of Violence in Matebeleland -- 2.1 Preface -- 2.1.1 The Scale and Intensity of the Gukurahundi Massacres -- 2.2 Background to the Matebeleland Conflict -- 2.2.1 Violence Between the Ndebele and the Whites -- 2.2.2 Violence Between the Ndebele and the Shona -- 2.2.3 The Struggle for Independence and the Growing of the Ndebele/Shona Polarisation -- 2.3 The Matabeleland Violence 1980-1987 -- 2.3.1 The Genesis of the Post-Independence Conflict -- 2.3.2 The Fifth Brigade (Gukurahundi) -- 2.3.2.1 The Acts of the Fifth Brigade -- 2.4 The Current Situation in Matabeleland -- 2.4.1 The Impact of Gukurahundi -- 2.4.1.1 A Hardening of Ethnic Differences -- 2.4.1.2 Fear and Hatred -- 2.4.1.3 Economic Hardships -- 2.4.1.4 Psychological and Physiological Injuries -- 2.4.2 The Unity Accord -- 2.5 Conclusion -- References -- 3 Armed Conflict, Trauma and Peacebuilding -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Psychological Effects of Armed Conflict -- 3.3 Trauma: A Discourse -- 3.3.1 Defining Trauma -- 3.3.2 The Effects of Trauma -- 3.3.3 Negative Outcome -- 3.3.4 The Positive -- 3.3.5 The Neutral -- 3.4 The Relevance of Post Tramatic Stress Disorder in Non-Western Settings -- 3.5 Conceptualising Peacebuilding -- 3.5.1 Transformative Versus Technical Peacebuilding -- 3.6 Trauma and Peacebuilding -- 3.7 Collective Emotions and Collective Trauma.

3.7.1 Collective Emotions and Group-Based Emotions -- 3.7.2 Collective Trauma -- 3.8 Conclusion -- References -- 4 Community Trauma Healing-Theory and Practice -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 The Meaning of Healing After Traumatic Experiences -- 4.3 Components of the Healing Process -- 4.4 Approaches to Healing -- 4.5 Some Necessary Conditions for Healing -- 4.5.1 Justice -- 4.5.2 Truth and Truth-telling -- 4.5.3 Forgiveness as Healing -- 4.6 Reconciliation -- 4.6.1 Thin and Thick Approaches to Reconciliation -- 4.6.2 Towards a Common Understanding of Reconciliation -- 4.7 Case Studies of Community-Driven Healing Processes -- 4.7.1 Chile -- 4.7.2 Rwanda -- 4.7.3 Northern Ireland -- 4.7.4 The International Centre for Conciliation (ICfC) Project -- 4.8 Conclusion -- References -- 5 Participatory Action Research -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 What Is Participatory Action Research? -- 5.3 The Practicality of Participatory Action Research -- 5.4 Participatory Action Research and Social Transformation -- 5.5 Subjectivity in Participatory Action Research -- 5.6 Validity in Participatory Action Research -- 5.7 Principles and Features of Participatory Action Research -- 5.8 Data Collection in Participatory Action Research -- 5.9 Some Participatory Action Research Case Studies -- 5.10 Conclusion -- References -- 6 Research Design, Methodology and Data Collection Methods -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Research Design -- 6.2.1 The Participatory Action Research Group -- 6.2.2 Healing Power of Narratives: A Sub-research Design -- 6.3 Research Methodology -- 6.4 Data Collection Methods -- 6.5 Data Analysis -- 6.6 Validity and Reliability -- 6.7 Ethical Considerations -- 6.8 The Research Story -- 6.8.1 The Context -- 6.8.2 The Research Process -- 6.8.3 Detailed Description of Research Process -- 6.8.3.1 The Writing Workshop -- 6.8.3.2 The Tree of Life Workshop -- 6.9 Limitations.

6.10 Reflection on My Learning Journey -- 6.11 Conclusion -- References -- 7 Evaluating the Participatory Action Research Process -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.1.1 Qualities of Participatory Action Research -- 7.1.1.1 Participation -- 7.1.1.2 Indigenous Knowledge -- 7.1.1.3 Consciousness-Raising -- 7.1.1.4 Political or Collective Action -- 7.2 Stages of Participatory Action Research -- 7.2.1 Inquiry and Planning -- 7.2.2 Action -- 7.2.3 Reflection -- 7.3 Points of Tension -- 7.3.1 Research Knowledge -- 7.3.2 Research Resources -- 7.4 Evaluation of the Tree of Life Workshop -- 7.4.1 'If the Tree Can Survive Under All Those Conditions, I Can also Live Under All These Conditions' -- 7.4.2 Effectiveness of Tree of Life in Other Contexts -- 7.4.3 Effectiveness of Tree of Life Workshop in the Context of This Study -- 7.4.4 Change in Tone of Language and Attitude -- 7.4.5 'Our Branches Have Been Broken' -- 7.5 Lessons from Tree -- 7.5.1 Facing the Everyday Realities -- 7.5.2 Agency -- 7.5.3 Reconciling with Self -- 7.6 Follow up Interviews -- 7.6.1 The Students -- 7.6.2 Interview with J -- 7.7 Conclusion -- References -- 8 Findings and Discussion -- 8.1 The Road to Healing -- 8.2 Sharing the Stories of Suffering -- 8.2.1 Speaking -- 8.2.2 Writing -- 8.3 Hindrances to Healing -- 8.3.1 Repressing the Truth -- 8.3.2 Deep Seated Feelings of Insecurity -- 8.3.3 Impunity -- 8.3.4 Lack of an Apology -- 8.4 Consequences of an Unhealed Past -- 8.4.1 Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma -- 8.4.2 Desire for Vengeance -- 8.4.3 Dysfunctional Relationships -- 8.5 Participants' Overall Assessment of the Research Project -- 8.5.1 Effectiveness of Actions -- 8.5.2 The Research Process -- 8.6 Conclusion -- References -- 9 Contentious Issues -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 On Forgiving and Forgetting -- 9.3 What Heals and What Does not? -- 9.4 The Dilemma of Reparations.

9.5 Correcting the Past -- 9.6 Structural Violence -- 9.7 Conclusion -- References -- 10 Summary, Conclusions and Reflections -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Summary of Findings -- 10.3 Validity, Reliability and Limitations -- 10.4 Summing up-Personal Assessment -- 10.5 Implications -- 10.6 Conclusion -- References -- Appendix A -- Outline placeholder -- Progress Review on the 1979 Grand Plan (Unedited) -- Gift -- Acknowledgement -- Consistency -- Envy -- Imperialists -- Black Jesus -- Illusions -- Legacy -- Betrayal -- Privileges -- Differences -- Dominance -- Mzilikazi -- Ndebele Crimes -- Lazy -- Outline placeholder -- Complexes -- White Settlers -- Land -- Crimes of the White Man -- Freedom -- Outline placeholder -- Partnership -- Objective -- White Wealth -- Scavengers -- Sithole -- Correction -- Sustenance of Illegal Regime -- Strategy -- Reigns -- Outline placeholder -- Flag Independence -- Impediment -- Zapu and Zipra -- 5th Brigade -- Dissidents -- Pretext -- Liquidation -- Achievements -- Combined Effort -- Land -- Website References -- Website References -- On Durban University of Technology -- International Centre of Nonviolence (ICON) -- Grace To Heal (Zimbabwe) -- About the Author -- About the Book -- Index.

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