Scandinavian Penal History, Culture and Prison Practice : Embraced by the Welfare State?.
By: Scharff Smith, Peter.
Contributor(s): Ugelvik, Thomas.Material type: TextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology Ser: Publisher: London : Palgrave Macmillan Limited, 2017Copyright date: ©2017Description: 1 online resource (537 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781137585295.Subject(s): Critical criminologyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Scandinavian Penal History, Culture and Prison Practice : Embraced by the Welfare State?DDC classification: 364.60948 LOC classification: HV8301-HV9920.7JC479Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
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Intro -- Scandinavian Penal History, Culture and Prison Practice -- Contents -- Contributors -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- Part I Introduction -- Introduction: Punishment, Welfare and Prison History in Scandinavia -- Visiting Prisons with Prison Visitors-Experiencing the Foreign Eye on Scandinavia -- Social Control in a Scandinavian Welfare State -- Scandinavian Prison History in the Eyes of International Observers -- Early Scandinavian Prison Reform -- From Import to Export-Modern Scandinavian Prisons in International Context -- Scandinavian Penal Exceptionalism? -- Scandinavian Exceptionalism and Scandinavian Prisons-What We Need to Know -- The Structure, Scope and Content of the Book -- References -- Part II The Developmentof Scandinavian Prison Practice -- "First We Build the Factory, Then We Add the Institution": Prison, Work and Welfare State in Sweden c.1930-1970 -- Labour and the Swedish Welfare State -- Prison Work -- The Beginning of a New Penal Policy in Sweden -- Work as the Principal Treatment Method in the Welfare State Prisons -- The Man in the Middle -- The 1960s-The Height of Prison Work in Sweden -- Prison Work and the Welfare State Citizen -- References -- Prisons of Labor: Social Democracy and the Triple Transformation of the Politics of Punishment in Norway, 1900-2014 -- Introduction -- Three Faces of Penality -- Penality as Paternalism (1900-1945) -- Penality as Treatment (1945-2000) -- Penality as Dualization (2000-2014) -- Conclusion -- References -- The Rise of the Open Prisons and the Breakthrough of the Principle of Normalisation from the 1930s Until Today -- The Introduction of the Open Prison Model in Denmark -- The Principle of Normalisation -- A Different Prison-Kragskovhede Open Prison -- Treatment Philosophy for Open Prisons -- Prison Reforms and the Danish Open Prisons.
The Open Prisons Lose Their Momentum -- References -- A Culture of Intervention-Vagrancy and Drug Treatment in Sweden from the Late 19th Century Until Today -- Part I-Vagrancy and the Culture of Intervention-The Social Question -- The Teleological History of the Social Democratic Welfare State -- The People's Home-Giving Up Class Struggle -- The Work Strategy and the Conscientious Worker -- Transforming Unemployment -- Reframing the Social Question -- Part II: Re-Inventing a Culture of Intervention-Drug, Sobriety and Temperance -- The Work Strategy as Rehabilitation -- An Alien Threat -- Drug Policy as Social Policing -- The Welfare State-A Liberal Project? -- Law vs. History -- Final Remarks -- References -- Part III The Scandinavian Model: From Remand to Release -- Punishment Without Conviction? Scandinavian Pre-trial Practices and the Power of the "Benevolent" State -- Scandinavian Exceptionalism and the Forgotten Remand Prisoners -- Remand Practice and Welfare State Values -- Scandinavian Pre-sentence Practices-A Few Examples -- Danish Remand Practice -- Contact with Relatives and the World Outside -- Special Restrictions-The "Correspondence and Visit Control" Regime -- Telephone Access -- Remand Imprisonment and Prisoner Rights in Different Jurisdictions -- Forceful State Interventions-Individual Rights, Trust and the Power of the Welfare State -- References -- Guarding, Guiding, Gate Opening: Prison Officer Work in a Norwegian Welfare Context -- Introduction -- Materials and Method -- The Political and Professional Leadership-Better Out than In! -- Anne A-The Prison Officer Who Became Tired of Saying No -- Different Ideals, Different Values -- Closing Remarks -- References -- Treating Drug Abusers in Prison: Competing Paradigms Anchored in Different Welfare Ideologies. The Case of Sweden -- Introduction -- Methods and Data.
The Swedish Prison System-Some Short Facts -- A Growing Impact of Neo-liberal Policy, and a "Security Turn" -- Two Cases-Two Treatment Models -- First Case: Milieu Therapeutic Principles and a Twelve-Step Program in a Women's Prison -- Relational Work in Focus -- The Relation Between Security and Treatment -- Second Case: CBT in a Men's Prison -- Treatment Assignment -- The Relation Between Security and Treatment -- Relational Work or Distantiation? -- Treatment in Prisons-Institutional Change in a Changing Political Framework -- Relational Work-A Methodological Watershed Between the Two Models -- Competing Prison Treatment Paradigms in Historical Light -- A Step Up: Prison Policy in Its Ideological Context-Changes in Welfare Regime -- References -- Is Prison Drug Treatment a Welfare Service? -- Introduction -- Data -- Policy Level -- Institutional Level -- Prisoners -- Discussion -- References -- The Development of Education in Norwegian Prisons -- Introduction -- Everyone Shall Be Included-But a Few Are Excluded -- The Import Model-A Welfare Policy Measure -- Strategies for Highlighting Education in Prisons -- White Paper on Education in Prison -- International Cooperation -- The Right to Education and the Import Model Today -- Education in Prison Was Not Embraced by the Welfare State, but Has Become Part of It -- Bibliography -- Exceptional Procedures? Offenders' Experiences of Justice in Re-entry Work -- Introduction -- Procedural Justice -- Methods and Data -- Trust -- Responsibility -- Equality of Treatment -- The Justice of Difference -- Respectful Treatment -- Empowerment -- Exceptional Procedures -- References -- Released to the "Battlefield" of the Danish Welfare State: A Battle Between Support and Personal Responsibility -- Introduction -- Method -- The Struggle for Power Between Rehabilitation and Intensive Debt Recovery.
Informally Convicted to Indebtedness Post-release -- Income: Employment, Social Security Benefit, or Crime? -- Work Should Pay-But It Does Not -- Welfare Dependency-A Way Around the Debt Problem -- Sliding Out of the Activating Welfare System and into Crime -- The Battle Within the Welfare State Affects More than Income -- Discussion and Concluding Remarks -- References -- Scandinavian Acceptionalism? Developments in Community Sanctions in Norway -- Introduction -- So What's so Special About Norway? -- Central Features in Norwegian Corrections -- Discretionary Powers -- The Principle of Normality -- The Import Model -- Employee Training -- Emphasis on Reintegration Through Progression -- Implementing Sanctions in the Community-The Discretionary Powers of the Correctional Services -- The Community Sentence ('Samfunnsstraff') -- Acceptance of the Community Sentence -- The Decrease in the Use of Community Sentences -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Part IV The Principle of Normalisation-Theory and Practice -- Normalisation in Nordic Prisons-From a Prison Governor's Perspective -- What Does the Law Say? -- Defensive and Proactive Normalisation -- Finland -- Greenland -- Denmark -- Sweden -- Faroe Islands -- Iceland -- Norway -- Requirements Under International Law -- What Is Supposed to Be Normal? -- Normality and Prison Security -- Normality as a Principle? -- Normalisation as a Means or a Strategy? -- Normality as the Aim -- Who Defines Normality? -- Normality in Practice -- Voting Rights and Other Civil Rights -- Self-Catering Schemes for Inmates -- Equality and Welfare -- Religious Services -- Digital Life -- Public Sense of Justice and Freedom of Expression -- Hunting and Fishing in Greenland -- A Democratic Demand and an Aim of Prison Policy -- Bibliography -- Prison Food in Denmark: Normal Responsibility or Ethnocentric Imaginations?.
Introduction -- Danish Corrections: Organizing Principles -- Danish Correction: Prisoner Demographics -- Danish Corrections: Description of Food Systems -- Research about Prison Food -- Methodology -- Participant Recruitment, Data Collection, and Data Analysis -- Findings -- Remand Center/Catered Food: Not Normal -- Unpalatable -- Cell Cooking -- Open and Closed Prisons/Self-Catering Systems: Normal-ish -- Food and Visitors -- The Unfamiliar Normal -- Discussion -- References -- Being a Woman in Mixed-Gender Prisons -- Introduction -- Female Prisoners-Visible in Research and Prison Practice? -- Placement -- Mixed-Gender Imprisonment -- Historical Perspectives on the Danish Mixed-Gender Practice -- Gender Equality in Denmark -- Active Subjects Living 'Viable Lives'? -- The Normalization Principle -- Women's Conditions in Danish Prisons-Diverse and Different -- Diversity and Security in Mixed-Gender Regimes -- Women as Active Participants-And Repressed Subjects -- Decent Life Conditions and Viable Lives? -- A Women's Prison? -- References -- The Limits of the Welfare State? Foreign National Prisoners in the Norwegian Crimmigration Prison -- What Is a Welfare State Prison? -- The Norwegian Way: The Principle of Normality and the Import Model -- What About Foreign National Prisoners? -- Everyday Welfare in the Crimmigration Prison -- The Production of Future Welfare -- Welfare State Crimmigration Prisons? -- References -- Part V A View from the Outside-Scandinavian Penal Practice Under Foreign Scrutiny -- In Search of Norwegian Penal Exceptionalism: A Prison Tourist's Perspective -- Introduction -- Methodology and Design -- A Land of Equality and Solidarity? -- Bastøy Prison Tourist Island -- Kroksrud and Ullersmo -- Small Is Beautiful? Eidsberg and Trøgstad -- Conclusion -- References.
The View from Elsewhere: Scandinavian Penal Practices and International Critique.
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