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Scandinavian Penal History, Culture and Prison Practice : Embraced by the Welfare State?.

By: Scharff Smith, Peter.
Contributor(s): Ugelvik, Thomas.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology Ser: Publisher: London : Palgrave Macmillan Limited, 2017Copyright date: ©2017Description: 1 online resource (537 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781137585295.Subject(s): Critical criminologyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Scandinavian Penal History, Culture and Prison Practice : Embraced by the Welfare State?DDC classification: 364.60948 LOC classification: HV8301-HV9920.7JC479Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Intro -- Scandinavian Penal History, Culture and Prison Practice -- Contents -- Contributors -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- Part I Introduction -- Introduction: Punishment, Welfare and Prison History in Scandinavia -- Visiting Prisons with Prison Visitors-Experiencing the Foreign Eye on Scandinavia -- Social Control in a Scandinavian Welfare State -- Scandinavian Prison History in the Eyes of International Observers -- Early Scandinavian Prison Reform -- From Import to Export-Modern Scandinavian Prisons in International Context -- Scandinavian Penal Exceptionalism? -- Scandinavian Exceptionalism and Scandinavian Prisons-What We Need to Know -- The Structure, Scope and Content of the Book -- References -- Part II The Developmentof Scandinavian Prison Practice -- "First We Build the Factory, Then We Add the Institution": Prison, Work and Welfare State in Sweden c.1930-1970 -- Labour and the Swedish Welfare State -- Prison Work -- The Beginning of a New Penal Policy in Sweden -- Work as the Principal Treatment Method in the Welfare State Prisons -- The Man in the Middle -- The 1960s-The Height of Prison Work in Sweden -- Prison Work and the Welfare State Citizen -- References -- Prisons of Labor: Social Democracy and the Triple Transformation of the Politics of Punishment in Norway, 1900-2014 -- Introduction -- Three Faces of Penality -- Penality as Paternalism (1900-1945) -- Penality as Treatment (1945-2000) -- Penality as Dualization (2000-2014) -- Conclusion -- References -- The Rise of the Open Prisons and the Breakthrough of the Principle of Normalisation from the 1930s Until Today -- The Introduction of the Open Prison Model in Denmark -- The Principle of Normalisation -- A Different Prison-Kragskovhede Open Prison -- Treatment Philosophy for Open Prisons -- Prison Reforms and the Danish Open Prisons.
The Open Prisons Lose Their Momentum -- References -- A Culture of Intervention-Vagrancy and Drug Treatment in Sweden from the Late 19th Century Until Today -- Part I-Vagrancy and the Culture of Intervention-The Social Question -- The Teleological History of the Social Democratic Welfare State -- The People's Home-Giving Up Class Struggle -- The Work Strategy and the Conscientious Worker -- Transforming Unemployment -- Reframing the Social Question -- Part II: Re-Inventing a Culture of Intervention-Drug, Sobriety and Temperance -- The Work Strategy as Rehabilitation -- An Alien Threat -- Drug Policy as Social Policing -- The Welfare State-A Liberal Project? -- Law vs. History -- Final Remarks -- References -- Part III The Scandinavian Model: From Remand to Release -- Punishment Without Conviction? Scandinavian Pre-trial Practices and the Power of the "Benevolent" State -- Scandinavian Exceptionalism and the Forgotten Remand Prisoners -- Remand Practice and Welfare State Values -- Scandinavian Pre-sentence Practices-A Few Examples -- Danish Remand Practice -- Contact with Relatives and the World Outside -- Special Restrictions-The "Correspondence and Visit Control" Regime -- Telephone Access -- Remand Imprisonment and Prisoner Rights in Different Jurisdictions -- Forceful State Interventions-Individual Rights, Trust and the Power of the Welfare State -- References -- Guarding, Guiding, Gate Opening: Prison Officer Work in a Norwegian Welfare Context -- Introduction -- Materials and Method -- The Political and Professional Leadership-Better Out than In! -- Anne A-The Prison Officer Who Became Tired of Saying No -- Different Ideals, Different Values -- Closing Remarks -- References -- Treating Drug Abusers in Prison: Competing Paradigms Anchored in Different Welfare Ideologies. The Case of Sweden -- Introduction -- Methods and Data.
The Swedish Prison System-Some Short Facts -- A Growing Impact of Neo-liberal Policy, and a "Security Turn" -- Two Cases-Two Treatment Models -- First Case: Milieu Therapeutic Principles and a Twelve-Step Program in a Women's Prison -- Relational Work in Focus -- The Relation Between Security and Treatment -- Second Case: CBT in a Men's Prison -- Treatment Assignment -- The Relation Between Security and Treatment -- Relational Work or Distantiation? -- Treatment in Prisons-Institutional Change in a Changing Political Framework -- Relational Work-A Methodological Watershed Between the Two Models -- Competing Prison Treatment Paradigms in Historical Light -- A Step Up: Prison Policy in Its Ideological Context-Changes in Welfare Regime -- References -- Is Prison Drug Treatment a Welfare Service? -- Introduction -- Data -- Policy Level -- Institutional Level -- Prisoners -- Discussion -- References -- The Development of Education in Norwegian Prisons -- Introduction -- Everyone Shall Be Included-But a Few Are Excluded -- The Import Model-A Welfare Policy Measure -- Strategies for Highlighting Education in Prisons -- White Paper on Education in Prison -- International Cooperation -- The Right to Education and the Import Model Today -- Education in Prison Was Not Embraced by the Welfare State, but Has Become Part of It -- Bibliography -- Exceptional Procedures? Offenders' Experiences of Justice in Re-entry Work -- Introduction -- Procedural Justice -- Methods and Data -- Trust -- Responsibility -- Equality of Treatment -- The Justice of Difference -- Respectful Treatment -- Empowerment -- Exceptional Procedures -- References -- Released to the "Battlefield" of the Danish Welfare State: A Battle Between Support and Personal Responsibility -- Introduction -- Method -- The Struggle for Power Between Rehabilitation and Intensive Debt Recovery.
Informally Convicted to Indebtedness Post-release -- Income: Employment, Social Security Benefit, or Crime? -- Work Should Pay-But It Does Not -- Welfare Dependency-A Way Around the Debt Problem -- Sliding Out of the Activating Welfare System and into Crime -- The Battle Within the Welfare State Affects More than Income -- Discussion and Concluding Remarks -- References -- Scandinavian Acceptionalism? Developments in Community Sanctions in Norway -- Introduction -- So What's so Special About Norway? -- Central Features in Norwegian Corrections -- Discretionary Powers -- The Principle of Normality -- The Import Model -- Employee Training -- Emphasis on Reintegration Through Progression -- Implementing Sanctions in the Community-The Discretionary Powers of the Correctional Services -- The Community Sentence ('Samfunnsstraff') -- Acceptance of the Community Sentence -- The Decrease in the Use of Community Sentences -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Part IV The Principle of Normalisation-Theory and Practice -- Normalisation in Nordic Prisons-From a Prison Governor's Perspective -- What Does the Law Say? -- Defensive and Proactive Normalisation -- Finland -- Greenland -- Denmark -- Sweden -- Faroe Islands -- Iceland -- Norway -- Requirements Under International Law -- What Is Supposed to Be Normal? -- Normality and Prison Security -- Normality as a Principle? -- Normalisation as a Means or a Strategy? -- Normality as the Aim -- Who Defines Normality? -- Normality in Practice -- Voting Rights and Other Civil Rights -- Self-Catering Schemes for Inmates -- Equality and Welfare -- Religious Services -- Digital Life -- Public Sense of Justice and Freedom of Expression -- Hunting and Fishing in Greenland -- A Democratic Demand and an Aim of Prison Policy -- Bibliography -- Prison Food in Denmark: Normal Responsibility or Ethnocentric Imaginations?.
Introduction -- Danish Corrections: Organizing Principles -- Danish Correction: Prisoner Demographics -- Danish Corrections: Description of Food Systems -- Research about Prison Food -- Methodology -- Participant Recruitment, Data Collection, and Data Analysis -- Findings -- Remand Center/Catered Food: Not Normal -- Unpalatable -- Cell Cooking -- Open and Closed Prisons/Self-Catering Systems: Normal-ish -- Food and Visitors -- The Unfamiliar Normal -- Discussion -- References -- Being a Woman in Mixed-Gender Prisons -- Introduction -- Female Prisoners-Visible in Research and Prison Practice? -- Placement -- Mixed-Gender Imprisonment -- Historical Perspectives on the Danish Mixed-Gender Practice -- Gender Equality in Denmark -- Active Subjects Living 'Viable Lives'? -- The Normalization Principle -- Women's Conditions in Danish Prisons-Diverse and Different -- Diversity and Security in Mixed-Gender Regimes -- Women as Active Participants-And Repressed Subjects -- Decent Life Conditions and Viable Lives? -- A Women's Prison? -- References -- The Limits of the Welfare State? Foreign National Prisoners in the Norwegian Crimmigration Prison -- What Is a Welfare State Prison? -- The Norwegian Way: The Principle of Normality and the Import Model -- What About Foreign National Prisoners? -- Everyday Welfare in the Crimmigration Prison -- The Production of Future Welfare -- Welfare State Crimmigration Prisons? -- References -- Part V A View from the Outside-Scandinavian Penal Practice Under Foreign Scrutiny -- In Search of Norwegian Penal Exceptionalism: A Prison Tourist's Perspective -- Introduction -- Methodology and Design -- A Land of Equality and Solidarity? -- Bastøy Prison Tourist Island -- Kroksrud and Ullersmo -- Small Is Beautiful? Eidsberg and Trøgstad -- Conclusion -- References.
The View from Elsewhere: Scandinavian Penal Practices and International Critique.
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Intro -- Scandinavian Penal History, Culture and Prison Practice -- Contents -- Contributors -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- Part I Introduction -- Introduction: Punishment, Welfare and Prison History in Scandinavia -- Visiting Prisons with Prison Visitors-Experiencing the Foreign Eye on Scandinavia -- Social Control in a Scandinavian Welfare State -- Scandinavian Prison History in the Eyes of International Observers -- Early Scandinavian Prison Reform -- From Import to Export-Modern Scandinavian Prisons in International Context -- Scandinavian Penal Exceptionalism? -- Scandinavian Exceptionalism and Scandinavian Prisons-What We Need to Know -- The Structure, Scope and Content of the Book -- References -- Part II The Developmentof Scandinavian Prison Practice -- "First We Build the Factory, Then We Add the Institution": Prison, Work and Welfare State in Sweden c.1930-1970 -- Labour and the Swedish Welfare State -- Prison Work -- The Beginning of a New Penal Policy in Sweden -- Work as the Principal Treatment Method in the Welfare State Prisons -- The Man in the Middle -- The 1960s-The Height of Prison Work in Sweden -- Prison Work and the Welfare State Citizen -- References -- Prisons of Labor: Social Democracy and the Triple Transformation of the Politics of Punishment in Norway, 1900-2014 -- Introduction -- Three Faces of Penality -- Penality as Paternalism (1900-1945) -- Penality as Treatment (1945-2000) -- Penality as Dualization (2000-2014) -- Conclusion -- References -- The Rise of the Open Prisons and the Breakthrough of the Principle of Normalisation from the 1930s Until Today -- The Introduction of the Open Prison Model in Denmark -- The Principle of Normalisation -- A Different Prison-Kragskovhede Open Prison -- Treatment Philosophy for Open Prisons -- Prison Reforms and the Danish Open Prisons.

The Open Prisons Lose Their Momentum -- References -- A Culture of Intervention-Vagrancy and Drug Treatment in Sweden from the Late 19th Century Until Today -- Part I-Vagrancy and the Culture of Intervention-The Social Question -- The Teleological History of the Social Democratic Welfare State -- The People's Home-Giving Up Class Struggle -- The Work Strategy and the Conscientious Worker -- Transforming Unemployment -- Reframing the Social Question -- Part II: Re-Inventing a Culture of Intervention-Drug, Sobriety and Temperance -- The Work Strategy as Rehabilitation -- An Alien Threat -- Drug Policy as Social Policing -- The Welfare State-A Liberal Project? -- Law vs. History -- Final Remarks -- References -- Part III The Scandinavian Model: From Remand to Release -- Punishment Without Conviction? Scandinavian Pre-trial Practices and the Power of the "Benevolent" State -- Scandinavian Exceptionalism and the Forgotten Remand Prisoners -- Remand Practice and Welfare State Values -- Scandinavian Pre-sentence Practices-A Few Examples -- Danish Remand Practice -- Contact with Relatives and the World Outside -- Special Restrictions-The "Correspondence and Visit Control" Regime -- Telephone Access -- Remand Imprisonment and Prisoner Rights in Different Jurisdictions -- Forceful State Interventions-Individual Rights, Trust and the Power of the Welfare State -- References -- Guarding, Guiding, Gate Opening: Prison Officer Work in a Norwegian Welfare Context -- Introduction -- Materials and Method -- The Political and Professional Leadership-Better Out than In! -- Anne A-The Prison Officer Who Became Tired of Saying No -- Different Ideals, Different Values -- Closing Remarks -- References -- Treating Drug Abusers in Prison: Competing Paradigms Anchored in Different Welfare Ideologies. The Case of Sweden -- Introduction -- Methods and Data.

The Swedish Prison System-Some Short Facts -- A Growing Impact of Neo-liberal Policy, and a "Security Turn" -- Two Cases-Two Treatment Models -- First Case: Milieu Therapeutic Principles and a Twelve-Step Program in a Women's Prison -- Relational Work in Focus -- The Relation Between Security and Treatment -- Second Case: CBT in a Men's Prison -- Treatment Assignment -- The Relation Between Security and Treatment -- Relational Work or Distantiation? -- Treatment in Prisons-Institutional Change in a Changing Political Framework -- Relational Work-A Methodological Watershed Between the Two Models -- Competing Prison Treatment Paradigms in Historical Light -- A Step Up: Prison Policy in Its Ideological Context-Changes in Welfare Regime -- References -- Is Prison Drug Treatment a Welfare Service? -- Introduction -- Data -- Policy Level -- Institutional Level -- Prisoners -- Discussion -- References -- The Development of Education in Norwegian Prisons -- Introduction -- Everyone Shall Be Included-But a Few Are Excluded -- The Import Model-A Welfare Policy Measure -- Strategies for Highlighting Education in Prisons -- White Paper on Education in Prison -- International Cooperation -- The Right to Education and the Import Model Today -- Education in Prison Was Not Embraced by the Welfare State, but Has Become Part of It -- Bibliography -- Exceptional Procedures? Offenders' Experiences of Justice in Re-entry Work -- Introduction -- Procedural Justice -- Methods and Data -- Trust -- Responsibility -- Equality of Treatment -- The Justice of Difference -- Respectful Treatment -- Empowerment -- Exceptional Procedures -- References -- Released to the "Battlefield" of the Danish Welfare State: A Battle Between Support and Personal Responsibility -- Introduction -- Method -- The Struggle for Power Between Rehabilitation and Intensive Debt Recovery.

Informally Convicted to Indebtedness Post-release -- Income: Employment, Social Security Benefit, or Crime? -- Work Should Pay-But It Does Not -- Welfare Dependency-A Way Around the Debt Problem -- Sliding Out of the Activating Welfare System and into Crime -- The Battle Within the Welfare State Affects More than Income -- Discussion and Concluding Remarks -- References -- Scandinavian Acceptionalism? Developments in Community Sanctions in Norway -- Introduction -- So What's so Special About Norway? -- Central Features in Norwegian Corrections -- Discretionary Powers -- The Principle of Normality -- The Import Model -- Employee Training -- Emphasis on Reintegration Through Progression -- Implementing Sanctions in the Community-The Discretionary Powers of the Correctional Services -- The Community Sentence ('Samfunnsstraff') -- Acceptance of the Community Sentence -- The Decrease in the Use of Community Sentences -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Part IV The Principle of Normalisation-Theory and Practice -- Normalisation in Nordic Prisons-From a Prison Governor's Perspective -- What Does the Law Say? -- Defensive and Proactive Normalisation -- Finland -- Greenland -- Denmark -- Sweden -- Faroe Islands -- Iceland -- Norway -- Requirements Under International Law -- What Is Supposed to Be Normal? -- Normality and Prison Security -- Normality as a Principle? -- Normalisation as a Means or a Strategy? -- Normality as the Aim -- Who Defines Normality? -- Normality in Practice -- Voting Rights and Other Civil Rights -- Self-Catering Schemes for Inmates -- Equality and Welfare -- Religious Services -- Digital Life -- Public Sense of Justice and Freedom of Expression -- Hunting and Fishing in Greenland -- A Democratic Demand and an Aim of Prison Policy -- Bibliography -- Prison Food in Denmark: Normal Responsibility or Ethnocentric Imaginations?.

Introduction -- Danish Corrections: Organizing Principles -- Danish Correction: Prisoner Demographics -- Danish Corrections: Description of Food Systems -- Research about Prison Food -- Methodology -- Participant Recruitment, Data Collection, and Data Analysis -- Findings -- Remand Center/Catered Food: Not Normal -- Unpalatable -- Cell Cooking -- Open and Closed Prisons/Self-Catering Systems: Normal-ish -- Food and Visitors -- The Unfamiliar Normal -- Discussion -- References -- Being a Woman in Mixed-Gender Prisons -- Introduction -- Female Prisoners-Visible in Research and Prison Practice? -- Placement -- Mixed-Gender Imprisonment -- Historical Perspectives on the Danish Mixed-Gender Practice -- Gender Equality in Denmark -- Active Subjects Living 'Viable Lives'? -- The Normalization Principle -- Women's Conditions in Danish Prisons-Diverse and Different -- Diversity and Security in Mixed-Gender Regimes -- Women as Active Participants-And Repressed Subjects -- Decent Life Conditions and Viable Lives? -- A Women's Prison? -- References -- The Limits of the Welfare State? Foreign National Prisoners in the Norwegian Crimmigration Prison -- What Is a Welfare State Prison? -- The Norwegian Way: The Principle of Normality and the Import Model -- What About Foreign National Prisoners? -- Everyday Welfare in the Crimmigration Prison -- The Production of Future Welfare -- Welfare State Crimmigration Prisons? -- References -- Part V A View from the Outside-Scandinavian Penal Practice Under Foreign Scrutiny -- In Search of Norwegian Penal Exceptionalism: A Prison Tourist's Perspective -- Introduction -- Methodology and Design -- A Land of Equality and Solidarity? -- Bastøy Prison Tourist Island -- Kroksrud and Ullersmo -- Small Is Beautiful? Eidsberg and Trøgstad -- Conclusion -- References.

The View from Elsewhere: Scandinavian Penal Practices and International Critique.

Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Peter Scharff Smith is Professor of Sociology of Law at the University of Oslo, Norway. Thomas Ugelvik is Professor of Criminology at the University of Oslo, Norway.

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