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Criminal Law : A Comparative Approach.

By: Dubber, Markus.
Contributor(s): Hörnle, Tatjana.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 2014Copyright date: ©2014Description: 1 online resource (710 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780191030673.Subject(s): Criminal law -- Germany.;Criminal law -- United StatesGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Criminal Law : A Comparative ApproachDDC classification: 345.43 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Cover -- CRIMINAL LAW: A Comparative Approach -- Copyright -- PREFACE -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- SUMMARY CONTENTS -- CONTENTS -- TABLE OF CASES -- TABLE OF LEGISLATION -- LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS -- German Language Abbreviations -- English Language Abbreviations -- PART I: FOUNDATIONS -- 1: PUNISHMENT: CONCEPTS, FORMS, LIMITS -- A. Concepts and Forms of Punishment -- i. Rationales -- United States v. Blarek U.S. District Court, Eastern District of New York 7 F. Supp. 2d 192 (E.D.N.Y. 1998) -- Facts -- Law -- A. Sentencing Statute: 18 U.S.C. 3553 -- B. Traditional Sentencing Rationales -- C. Utility and Retribution Under Sentencing Guidelines -- D. Deference to Sentencing Judge on Guidelines´ Critical Sentencing Issues -- E. Application of the Guidelines -- Law Applied to Facts -- A. Guidelines Computations -- B. Traditional and Statutory Sentencing Rationales -- C. Departures -- D. Individual Sentences -- German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht) BVerfGE 45, 187 (June 21, 1977) Life Imprisonment Case -- Franz Streng, "Sentencing in Germany: Basic Questions and New Developments," 8 German Law Journal (2007), 153 -- Cornelius Nestler, "Sentencing in Germany," 7 Buffalo Criminal Law Review (2003), 109 -- Markus D. Dubber, " Theories of Crime and Punishment in German Criminal Law," 53 American Journal of Comparative Law (2006), 679 -- NOTES -- ii. The victim's role -- Compensation and restitution -- Uniform Victims of Crime Act (1992)* -- Summary of Contents -- 101. Definitions -- 304. Eligibility for Compensation -- 305. Award of Compensation -- German Victim Compensation Act (Opferentschädigungsgesetz, OEG) -- 1 -- Sentencing -- Payne v. Tennessee United States Supreme Court 501 U.S. 808 (1991) -- Tatjana Hörnle, " Distribution of Punishment: The Role of a Victim's Perspective," 3 Buffalo Criminal Law Review (1999), 175.
Markus D. Dubber, " The Victim in American Penal Law: A Systematic Overview," 3 Buffalo Criminal Law Review (1999), 3 -- Jörg-Martin Jehle, Criminal Justice in Germany: Facts and Figures (Federal Ministry of Justice, 2009) -- German Criminal Code (Strafgesetzbuch, StGB) -- 46a Offender-Victim Mediation, Compensation for Damages -- NOTES -- iii. Types of sanction -- United States Sentencing Guidelines -- 5E1.2 (Fines for Individual Defendants) -- Commentary -- German Criminal Code -- 40 (Day Fine Units) -- NOTES -- B. Limits on Punishment -- i. Ultimate sanctions: death and life imprisonment (quality) -- i. Ultimate sanctions: death and life imprisonment (quality) -- Gregg v. Georgia United States Supreme Court 428 U.S. 153 (1976) -- German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 45, 187 (June 21, 1977) Life Imprisonment Case -- Facts -- Reasons -- German Basic Law* (Grundgesetz, GG) -- Art. 1 -- Art. 2 -- Art. 102 -- German Prison Act (Strafvollzugsgesetz, StVollzG)* -- 2 -- ii. Proportionality (quantity) -- NOTES -- ii. Proportionality (quantity) -- United States v. Angelos U.S. District Court for the District of Utah 345 F. Supp. 2d 1227 (D. Utah 2004) -- Higher Regional Court (Oberlandesgericht, OLG) Braunschweig 1 Ss 52/0176, NStZ-RR 2002, 75 (October 25, 2001) -- Facts -- Reasons -- NOTES -- iii. Punishment vs. measure -- Kansas v. Hendricks United States Supreme Court 521 U.S. 346 (1997) -- German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 109, 133 (February 5, 2004) -- Facts -- Reasons -- M. v. Germany European Court of Human Rights Application no. 19359/04 (December 17, 2009 -- The facts -- Circumstances of the case -- Relevant domestic, comparative and international law and practice -- Article 67d Duration of detention -- Article 67d Duration of detention -- The Law -- Alleged Violation of Art. 7 of the Convention.
German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 128, 326 (May 4, 2011) -- NOTES -- 2: THE LEGALITY PRINCIPLE (NULLA POENA SINE LEGE) -- 19 -- A. Retroactivity -- Rogers v. Tennessee United States Supreme Court 532 U.S. 451 (2001) -- Justice Scalia, dissenting -- German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) BGHSt 39, 1 (November 3, 1992) Border Guard Case* -- Facts -- Reasons -- NOTES -- B. Vagueness -- Chicago v. Morales United States Supreme Court 527 U.S. 41 (1999) -- Skilling v. United States United States Supreme Court 561 U.S. ___, 130 S. Ct. 2896 (2010) -- German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 87, 209 (October 29, 1992)" Dance of the Devils" -- Facts -- Reasons -- NOTES -- 3: CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS ON SUBSTANTIVE CRIMINAL LAW -- A. General Part -- Reference Re: Section 94(2) of the Motor Vehicle Act -- Markus D. Dubber, "Toward a Constitutional Law of Crime and Punishment," 55 Hastings Law Journal 509 (2004), 509 -- Introduction -- The facts -- The legislation -- Section 7 -- Absolute liability and fundamental justice in penal law -- Section 94(2) -- Section 11 -- B. Special Part: Rechtsgut and Harm Principle -- Lawrence v. Texas United States Supreme Court 539 U.S. 558 (2003) -- Commonwealth v. Bonadio Supreme Court of Pennsylvania 490 Pa. 91, 415 A.2d 47 (1980) -- R. v. Malmo-Levine Supreme Court of Canada [2003] 3 S.C.R. 571 -- Relevant Statutory and Constitutional Provisions -- (d) The ``Harm Principle´´ -- German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 39, 1 (February 25, 1975) Abortion Case -- A. -- C. -- D. -- Dissenting opinion of Judge Wiltraut Rupp-v. Brünneck and Judge Dr. Helmut Simon -- German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 120, 224 (February 26, 2008) Incest Case -- Facts -- Reasons -- Dissenting opinion of Judge Hassemer.
Markus D. Dubber, "Theories of Crime and Punishment in German Criminal Law," 53 American Journal of Comparative Law (2006), 679 -- A. Positivism and Normativism -- B. From Feuerbach to Birnbaum -- C. Constitutional Foundations? -- D. Internal Constraints -- E. Doctrinal Significance -- F. Rechtsgut as Analytical Tool -- NOTES -- 4: JURISDICTION -- United States v. Rodriguez U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California 182 F. Supp. 479 (S.D. Cal. 1960) -- Canadian Criminal Code -- 6 -- 7 -- Space Station - Canadian crew members -- Space Station - crew members of Partner States -- Extraterritorial Criminal Jurisdiction (Canada) -- 1. Overview -- 2. Canadian Extraterritorial Jurisdiction -- German Criminal Code -- 3 (Applicability for Domestic Offenses) -- 4 (Applicability for offenses committed on German Ships and Aircrafts) -- 5 (Offenses Committed Abroad against Domestic Legal Goods) -- 6 (Offenses committed abroad against Internationally Protected Legal Goods) -- 7 (Offenses committed Abroad in Other Cases) -- 8 (Time of the Offense) -- 9 (Place of the Offense) -- United States Uniform Code of Military Justice -- Art. 2. Persons subject to this chapter -- Art. 5. Territorial applicability of this chapter -- NOTES -- United States Uniform Code of Military Justice -- Art. 2. Persons subject to this chapter -- Art. 5. Territorial applicability of this chapter -- Can. National Defence Act Code of Service Discipline -- Place of Commission of Offence -- German Military Criminal Law Act (Wehrstrafgesetz, WStG) -- 1 Jurisdiction -- 1a Acts Abroad -- 5: PROCEDURAL CONTEXTS -- A. Criminal Justice in a Federal System -- B. Overview of the Criminal Process -- Overview of the American Criminal Justice Process* -- Criminal Procedure in Germany: A Brief Overview* -- C. Compulsory Prosecution (Legalitätsprinzip).
Kenneth Culp Davis, Administrative Law (2nd edn. 1979), 216-35 -- German Code of Criminal Procedure (Strafprozeßordnung, StPO) -- 152 -- 153 -- 153a -- German Criminal Code -- 258 Obstruction of Punishment -- 258a Obstruction of Punishment in a Public Office -- Markus D. Dubber, "Comparative Criminal Law," in Mathias Reimann and Reinhard Zimmermann (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Comparative Law (2006), 1287 -- D. Plea Bargaining -- David Lynch, "The Impropriety of Plea Agreements: A Tale of Two Counties," 19 Law and Social Inquiry (1994), 115 -- The Prosecutor as Judge, Jury, and Sentencer -- Other Negative Aspects of Plea Bargaining -- Markus D. Dubber, "American Plea Bargains, German Lay Judges, and the Crisis of Criminal Procedure," 49 Stanford Law Review (1997), 547 -- German Code of Criminal Procedure -- 257b -- 257c -- NOTE -- German Criminal Code 12 -- N.Y. Penal Law 10.00 Definitions of terms of general use in this chapter -- 6: ANALYSIS OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY -- A. The German Scheme -- Wolfgang Naucke, "An Insider's Perspective on the Significance of the German Criminal Law Theory's General System for Analyzing Criminal Acts," Brigham Young University Law Review [1984], 305 -- Markus D. Dubber, "The Promise of German Criminal Law: A Science of Crime and Punishment," 6 German Law Journal (2005), 1049 -- B. The American (Model Penal Code) Scheme -- Model Penal Code -- 1.02. Purposes -- Principles of Construction -- Analysis of Criminal Liability (citations to Model Penal Code) -- Gabriel J. Chin, "Unjustified: The Practical Irrelevance of the Justification/Excuse Distinction," 43 University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform (2009), 79 -- C. An Illustration: Dudley and Stephens, (1884) 14 Q.B.D. 273 -- The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens Queen's Bench Division (1884) 14 Q.B.D. 273 -- NOTE -- PART II: THE GENERAL PART.
7: ACTUS REUS (OBJECTIVE ELEMENTS).
Summary: Criminal Law: A Comparative Approach is a comprehensive overview of the criminal law from a comparative perspective. It features cases, materials, and extensive commentary on the central issues in criminal law from two representative common law and civil law jurisdictions, the United States and Germany.
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Cover -- CRIMINAL LAW: A Comparative Approach -- Copyright -- PREFACE -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- SUMMARY CONTENTS -- CONTENTS -- TABLE OF CASES -- TABLE OF LEGISLATION -- LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS -- German Language Abbreviations -- English Language Abbreviations -- PART I: FOUNDATIONS -- 1: PUNISHMENT: CONCEPTS, FORMS, LIMITS -- A. Concepts and Forms of Punishment -- i. Rationales -- United States v. Blarek U.S. District Court, Eastern District of New York 7 F. Supp. 2d 192 (E.D.N.Y. 1998) -- Facts -- Law -- A. Sentencing Statute: 18 U.S.C. 3553 -- B. Traditional Sentencing Rationales -- C. Utility and Retribution Under Sentencing Guidelines -- D. Deference to Sentencing Judge on Guidelines´ Critical Sentencing Issues -- E. Application of the Guidelines -- Law Applied to Facts -- A. Guidelines Computations -- B. Traditional and Statutory Sentencing Rationales -- C. Departures -- D. Individual Sentences -- German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht) BVerfGE 45, 187 (June 21, 1977) Life Imprisonment Case -- Franz Streng, "Sentencing in Germany: Basic Questions and New Developments," 8 German Law Journal (2007), 153 -- Cornelius Nestler, "Sentencing in Germany," 7 Buffalo Criminal Law Review (2003), 109 -- Markus D. Dubber, " Theories of Crime and Punishment in German Criminal Law," 53 American Journal of Comparative Law (2006), 679 -- NOTES -- ii. The victim's role -- Compensation and restitution -- Uniform Victims of Crime Act (1992)* -- Summary of Contents -- 101. Definitions -- 304. Eligibility for Compensation -- 305. Award of Compensation -- German Victim Compensation Act (Opferentschädigungsgesetz, OEG) -- 1 -- Sentencing -- Payne v. Tennessee United States Supreme Court 501 U.S. 808 (1991) -- Tatjana Hörnle, " Distribution of Punishment: The Role of a Victim's Perspective," 3 Buffalo Criminal Law Review (1999), 175.

Markus D. Dubber, " The Victim in American Penal Law: A Systematic Overview," 3 Buffalo Criminal Law Review (1999), 3 -- Jörg-Martin Jehle, Criminal Justice in Germany: Facts and Figures (Federal Ministry of Justice, 2009) -- German Criminal Code (Strafgesetzbuch, StGB) -- 46a Offender-Victim Mediation, Compensation for Damages -- NOTES -- iii. Types of sanction -- United States Sentencing Guidelines -- 5E1.2 (Fines for Individual Defendants) -- Commentary -- German Criminal Code -- 40 (Day Fine Units) -- NOTES -- B. Limits on Punishment -- i. Ultimate sanctions: death and life imprisonment (quality) -- i. Ultimate sanctions: death and life imprisonment (quality) -- Gregg v. Georgia United States Supreme Court 428 U.S. 153 (1976) -- German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 45, 187 (June 21, 1977) Life Imprisonment Case -- Facts -- Reasons -- German Basic Law* (Grundgesetz, GG) -- Art. 1 -- Art. 2 -- Art. 102 -- German Prison Act (Strafvollzugsgesetz, StVollzG)* -- 2 -- ii. Proportionality (quantity) -- NOTES -- ii. Proportionality (quantity) -- United States v. Angelos U.S. District Court for the District of Utah 345 F. Supp. 2d 1227 (D. Utah 2004) -- Higher Regional Court (Oberlandesgericht, OLG) Braunschweig 1 Ss 52/0176, NStZ-RR 2002, 75 (October 25, 2001) -- Facts -- Reasons -- NOTES -- iii. Punishment vs. measure -- Kansas v. Hendricks United States Supreme Court 521 U.S. 346 (1997) -- German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 109, 133 (February 5, 2004) -- Facts -- Reasons -- M. v. Germany European Court of Human Rights Application no. 19359/04 (December 17, 2009 -- The facts -- Circumstances of the case -- Relevant domestic, comparative and international law and practice -- Article 67d Duration of detention -- Article 67d Duration of detention -- The Law -- Alleged Violation of Art. 7 of the Convention.

German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 128, 326 (May 4, 2011) -- NOTES -- 2: THE LEGALITY PRINCIPLE (NULLA POENA SINE LEGE) -- 19 -- A. Retroactivity -- Rogers v. Tennessee United States Supreme Court 532 U.S. 451 (2001) -- Justice Scalia, dissenting -- German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) BGHSt 39, 1 (November 3, 1992) Border Guard Case* -- Facts -- Reasons -- NOTES -- B. Vagueness -- Chicago v. Morales United States Supreme Court 527 U.S. 41 (1999) -- Skilling v. United States United States Supreme Court 561 U.S. ___, 130 S. Ct. 2896 (2010) -- German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 87, 209 (October 29, 1992)" Dance of the Devils" -- Facts -- Reasons -- NOTES -- 3: CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS ON SUBSTANTIVE CRIMINAL LAW -- A. General Part -- Reference Re: Section 94(2) of the Motor Vehicle Act -- Markus D. Dubber, "Toward a Constitutional Law of Crime and Punishment," 55 Hastings Law Journal 509 (2004), 509 -- Introduction -- The facts -- The legislation -- Section 7 -- Absolute liability and fundamental justice in penal law -- Section 94(2) -- Section 11 -- B. Special Part: Rechtsgut and Harm Principle -- Lawrence v. Texas United States Supreme Court 539 U.S. 558 (2003) -- Commonwealth v. Bonadio Supreme Court of Pennsylvania 490 Pa. 91, 415 A.2d 47 (1980) -- R. v. Malmo-Levine Supreme Court of Canada [2003] 3 S.C.R. 571 -- Relevant Statutory and Constitutional Provisions -- (d) The ``Harm Principle´´ -- German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 39, 1 (February 25, 1975) Abortion Case -- A. -- C. -- D. -- Dissenting opinion of Judge Wiltraut Rupp-v. Brünneck and Judge Dr. Helmut Simon -- German Federal Constitutional Court BVerfGE 120, 224 (February 26, 2008) Incest Case -- Facts -- Reasons -- Dissenting opinion of Judge Hassemer.

Markus D. Dubber, "Theories of Crime and Punishment in German Criminal Law," 53 American Journal of Comparative Law (2006), 679 -- A. Positivism and Normativism -- B. From Feuerbach to Birnbaum -- C. Constitutional Foundations? -- D. Internal Constraints -- E. Doctrinal Significance -- F. Rechtsgut as Analytical Tool -- NOTES -- 4: JURISDICTION -- United States v. Rodriguez U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California 182 F. Supp. 479 (S.D. Cal. 1960) -- Canadian Criminal Code -- 6 -- 7 -- Space Station - Canadian crew members -- Space Station - crew members of Partner States -- Extraterritorial Criminal Jurisdiction (Canada) -- 1. Overview -- 2. Canadian Extraterritorial Jurisdiction -- German Criminal Code -- 3 (Applicability for Domestic Offenses) -- 4 (Applicability for offenses committed on German Ships and Aircrafts) -- 5 (Offenses Committed Abroad against Domestic Legal Goods) -- 6 (Offenses committed abroad against Internationally Protected Legal Goods) -- 7 (Offenses committed Abroad in Other Cases) -- 8 (Time of the Offense) -- 9 (Place of the Offense) -- United States Uniform Code of Military Justice -- Art. 2. Persons subject to this chapter -- Art. 5. Territorial applicability of this chapter -- NOTES -- United States Uniform Code of Military Justice -- Art. 2. Persons subject to this chapter -- Art. 5. Territorial applicability of this chapter -- Can. National Defence Act Code of Service Discipline -- Place of Commission of Offence -- German Military Criminal Law Act (Wehrstrafgesetz, WStG) -- 1 Jurisdiction -- 1a Acts Abroad -- 5: PROCEDURAL CONTEXTS -- A. Criminal Justice in a Federal System -- B. Overview of the Criminal Process -- Overview of the American Criminal Justice Process* -- Criminal Procedure in Germany: A Brief Overview* -- C. Compulsory Prosecution (Legalitätsprinzip).

Kenneth Culp Davis, Administrative Law (2nd edn. 1979), 216-35 -- German Code of Criminal Procedure (Strafprozeßordnung, StPO) -- 152 -- 153 -- 153a -- German Criminal Code -- 258 Obstruction of Punishment -- 258a Obstruction of Punishment in a Public Office -- Markus D. Dubber, "Comparative Criminal Law," in Mathias Reimann and Reinhard Zimmermann (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Comparative Law (2006), 1287 -- D. Plea Bargaining -- David Lynch, "The Impropriety of Plea Agreements: A Tale of Two Counties," 19 Law and Social Inquiry (1994), 115 -- The Prosecutor as Judge, Jury, and Sentencer -- Other Negative Aspects of Plea Bargaining -- Markus D. Dubber, "American Plea Bargains, German Lay Judges, and the Crisis of Criminal Procedure," 49 Stanford Law Review (1997), 547 -- German Code of Criminal Procedure -- 257b -- 257c -- NOTE -- German Criminal Code 12 -- N.Y. Penal Law 10.00 Definitions of terms of general use in this chapter -- 6: ANALYSIS OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY -- A. The German Scheme -- Wolfgang Naucke, "An Insider's Perspective on the Significance of the German Criminal Law Theory's General System for Analyzing Criminal Acts," Brigham Young University Law Review [1984], 305 -- Markus D. Dubber, "The Promise of German Criminal Law: A Science of Crime and Punishment," 6 German Law Journal (2005), 1049 -- B. The American (Model Penal Code) Scheme -- Model Penal Code -- 1.02. Purposes -- Principles of Construction -- Analysis of Criminal Liability (citations to Model Penal Code) -- Gabriel J. Chin, "Unjustified: The Practical Irrelevance of the Justification/Excuse Distinction," 43 University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform (2009), 79 -- C. An Illustration: Dudley and Stephens, (1884) 14 Q.B.D. 273 -- The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens Queen's Bench Division (1884) 14 Q.B.D. 273 -- NOTE -- PART II: THE GENERAL PART.

7: ACTUS REUS (OBJECTIVE ELEMENTS).

Criminal Law: A Comparative Approach is a comprehensive overview of the criminal law from a comparative perspective. It features cases, materials, and extensive commentary on the central issues in criminal law from two representative common law and civil law jurisdictions, the United States and Germany.

Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Markus D. Dubber is Professor of Law at the University of Toronto. Dubber's scholarship has focused on theoretical, comparative, and historical aspects of criminal law. His publications include Handbook of Comparative Criminal Law, Modern Histories of Crime and Punishment, The New Police Science: The Police Power in Domestic and International Governance, The Police Power: Patriarchy and the Foundations of American Government, Einführung in das US-amerikanischeStrafrecht, Criminal Law: Model Penal Code, and Victims in the War on Crime: The Use and Abuse of Victims' Rights.Tatjana Hörnle is Professor of Criminal Law, Comparative Criminal Law, and Penal Philosophy, Humboldt University Berlin. She writes mainly about substantive criminal law and sentencing and about the foundations of the criminal law in moral and political philosophy and constitutional law. In addition to numerous articles in German and international law journals, Professor Hörnle has published on proportionality in sentencing, on offensive conduct, on punishment theories and on freedomof will and culpability.

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