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Religion and Volunteering : Complex and Contingent Relationships.

By: Hustinx, Lesley.
Contributor(s): Haers, Jacques | Mels, Sara | Von Essen, Johan.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies: Publisher: Cham : Springer, 2014Copyright date: ©2015Edition: 1st ed.Description: 1 online resource (354 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783319045856.Subject(s): Voluntarism.;Voluntarism -- Religious aspectsGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Religion and Volunteering : Complex and Contingent RelationshipsDDC classification: 305.6 LOC classification: H1-970.9Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Intro -- Preface -- Contents -- Contributors -- About the Editors -- About the Authors -- Chapter 1 -- Religion and Volunteering -- Religion and Volunteering -- Religious Perspectives on Volunteering -- Religious Change -- The Politics of Religion and Volunteering -- An Interdisciplinary Discussion -- Introducing the Chapters -- References -- Part I -- Theologies of Religion and Volunteering -- Chapter 2 -- Christian Calling and Volunteering -- Introduction -- Basic Structural Features of Neighbourly Love -- Discernment -- Creation, Incarnation and the Kingdom of God -- Two Theological Perspectives -- The Lutheran Perspective -- The Ignatian Perspective -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 3 -- If I Am Only for Myself, Who Am I? -- Introduction -- Volunteerism in Israel -- The Haredi Community in Israel -- Caring for the Poor -- Caring for the Dead -- Caring for the Sick -- Fundamentalist Influence in Modern Societies -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 4 -- Philanthropic Virtue -- Introduction: Compassion in Muslim Theology -- Fundamental Respect for Human Beings -- Social Safety Net -- Created of One Essence -- Institutionalisation -- Sociopolitical Factors -- Earthly Power Ambitions -- Compassion in the Fight Against Religious Oppression -- A Question of Personal Responsibility -- References -- Part II -- Religion as a Determinant of Volunteering -- Chapter 5 -- Religiosity and Formal Volunteering in Global Perspective -- Introduction -- Religion as an Individual Level Explanation of Volunteering -- Religious Affiliation and Service Attendance -- Religion as a Contextual Level Explanation of Volunteering -- Religious Diversity -- Religious Minority Group Affiliation -- Data and Methods -- Dependent Variable -- Independent Variables -- Results -- Summary and Conclusions -- Appendix -- References -- Chapter 6.
A Cross-National Examination of the Motivation to Volunteer -- Introduction -- Literature Review -- Data and Methods -- Sample -- Variables -- Results -- Discussion and Conclusion -- Appendix -- References -- Chapter 7 -- Volunteering Among Church Attendees in Australia -- Introduction -- Churches and Volunteering in Australia -- Research Questions -- Method -- Data Collection and Sample -- Scale Development -- Motivations for Volunteering in Four Domains and Three Organizational Types -- Demographics and Religious Orientation -- Analysis -- Findings -- Correlates of Individual Volunteering and Congregational Bridging -- Predictors of Congregational Bridging to the Community -- Predictors of Individual Volunteering -- Motivations for Volunteering -- Discussion -- Individual Volunteering in the Community -- Collective Efficacy and Congregational Bridging -- The Relationship Between Bonding and Bridging -- Religious and Personal Motivations to Volunteer -- Conclusion -- References -- Part III -- Religion and Volunteering in a (Post-)Secular Context -- Chapter 8 -- Lost and Found in Secularization -- Introduction -- The Altruistic Volunteer and the 'Problem of Goodness' -- Volunteering and Altruism: A Disputed Relationship -- Religion and Volunteering -- Method and Material -- Empirical Accounts -- Unpaid -- Freedom -- Rewards as Unexpected By-products -- To the Benefit of the Other in the Realm of Freedom -- The Lutheran Doctrine of the Calling -- A Religious Perspective on Volunteering -- Finding Religiosity Lost in Secularization -- Embedded Religion -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- Chapter 9 -- Making Church Happen -- Introduction -- Case Study: Schulen's Parish Church and Its Uncertain Future -- The Architectural Discourse -- A Parish Church as a Network -- A Parish Church as a Forum -- The Schulen Scale Model Trials -- Conclusion.
References -- Chapter 10 -- Restorative Justice and Volunteering in a Secular Age -- Introduction -- The Spiritual Roots of Restorative Justice -- A Moderate Plea for a Multidimensional Approach to Criminality -- Restorative Justice in a Secular Age -- Channelling Interaction Between Restorative Spirituality and the Secular State -- Volunteers and the Secular Grounds of a Moderate View of Restorative Justice -- Spirituality, Meaningfulness and Restorative Volunteering -- References -- Chapter 11 -- Short-Term Mission Voluntarism and the Postsecular Imaginary -- Introduction -- Data and Methods -- A Brief Overview and History of Short-Term Mission in the USA -- Engaging Others in Short-Term Mission -- "Getting Out of the Comfort Zone": Preparing for Short-Term Mission -- "It's cool to see God in another place...": Mission Practice -- Bringing Mission Home -- Conclusion -- References -- Part IV -- Politics of Religion and Volunteering -- Chapter 12 -- Religion and Social Solidarity -- Religion and Solidarity: The Neo-Tocquevillian Synthesis -- Troubles with the Neo-Tocquevillian Synthesis -- The Unitary Actor Model of Religion -- Multiple Acts of Solidarity: A Closer Look at the Meanings of Volunteering -- Religion and Solidarity in a Post-Tocquevillian Scenario -- Solidarity Amidst Porous Boundaries -- A Pragmatist Focus on Religious Expression -- A Case of a Religiously Sponsored Voluntary Association -- Personalized Inspiration in a Community Education Project -- Orchestrated Ambiguity and Inclusiveness -- Personalized Inspiration at Monthly Meetings -- Religious Expression, Settings, and Social Capital -- Discussion: Public Religious Style in Different National Contexts -- References -- Chapter 13 -- 'Your Prayer Moves God' -- Introduction and Theoretical Framework -- Methodological Procedure.
Sociopolitical and Religious Context of the Emergent Post 1990 C/P Movement -- Interpretation of Field Research Findings -- C/P Bonding Capital -- Spiritual Family -- Trust -- Freedom -- Religious Motivation for Volunteering Within a Third Cultural Space -- C/P Volunteering Between a Vision for Social Solidarity and the Pull of a Sectarian Sociopolitical Context -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Chapter 14 -- Faith-Based Organizations and Civic Engagement in Egypt -- Introduction -- FBOs and Political Transformation -- Civil Society in Egypt on the Eve of the Revolution -- The Case Study Organizations -- The Research Methodology -- FBOs' Reaction to the Revolution -- FBOs: Converting Religious Capital to Political Transformation? -- Summary and Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 15 -- 'Going Back to Our Values' -- Introduction -- Setting and Methodology -- The Social Origins of the Israeli Field of 'volunteering' -- Consolidating a Hegemonic Civil Order -- The Hegemony Crisis and the Rise of 'volunteering' -- Promoting 'Volunteering' in Times of White Decline -- Aspiring to a 'National Unity', Renewing the Civil Religion -- Adopting a 'Professional' Ethos -- Expanding 'Volunteering', Restoring a Mythical Past -- Inclusion and Exclusion in the Field of 'Volunteering' -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- Chapter 16 -- Volunteering in Religious Communities -- Introduction -- Calculating Social Yield -- Merits and Limits of the Method: Fictitious or Real Return? -- Public and Political Response -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- Index.
Summary: Religion is considered a key predictor of volunteering: the more religious people are, the more likely they are to volunteer. This positive association enjoys significant support in current research; in fact, it could be considered the 'default perspective' on the relationship between both phenomena. In this book, the authors claim that, although the dominant approach is legitimate and essential, it nonetheless falls short in grasping the full complexity of the interaction between religion and volunteering. It needs to be recognized that there are tensions between religion and volunteering, and that these tensions are intensifying as a result of the changing meaning and role of religion in society. Therefore, the central aim and contribution of this book is to demonstrate that the relationship between religion and volunteering is not univocal but differentiated, ambiguous and sometimes provocative. By introducing the reader to a much wider landscape of perspectives, this volume offers a richer, more complex and variable understanding. Apart from the established positive causality, the authors examine tensions between religion and volunteering from the perspective of religious obligation, religious change, processes of secularization and notions of post-secularity. They further explore how actions that are considered altruistic, politically neutral and motivated by religious beliefs can be used for political reasons. This volume opens up the field to new perspectives on religious actors and on how religion and volunteering are enacted outside Western liberal and Christian societies. It emphasizes interdisciplinary perspectives, including theology, philosophy, sociology, political science, anthropology and architecture.
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Intro -- Preface -- Contents -- Contributors -- About the Editors -- About the Authors -- Chapter 1 -- Religion and Volunteering -- Religion and Volunteering -- Religious Perspectives on Volunteering -- Religious Change -- The Politics of Religion and Volunteering -- An Interdisciplinary Discussion -- Introducing the Chapters -- References -- Part I -- Theologies of Religion and Volunteering -- Chapter 2 -- Christian Calling and Volunteering -- Introduction -- Basic Structural Features of Neighbourly Love -- Discernment -- Creation, Incarnation and the Kingdom of God -- Two Theological Perspectives -- The Lutheran Perspective -- The Ignatian Perspective -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 3 -- If I Am Only for Myself, Who Am I? -- Introduction -- Volunteerism in Israel -- The Haredi Community in Israel -- Caring for the Poor -- Caring for the Dead -- Caring for the Sick -- Fundamentalist Influence in Modern Societies -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 4 -- Philanthropic Virtue -- Introduction: Compassion in Muslim Theology -- Fundamental Respect for Human Beings -- Social Safety Net -- Created of One Essence -- Institutionalisation -- Sociopolitical Factors -- Earthly Power Ambitions -- Compassion in the Fight Against Religious Oppression -- A Question of Personal Responsibility -- References -- Part II -- Religion as a Determinant of Volunteering -- Chapter 5 -- Religiosity and Formal Volunteering in Global Perspective -- Introduction -- Religion as an Individual Level Explanation of Volunteering -- Religious Affiliation and Service Attendance -- Religion as a Contextual Level Explanation of Volunteering -- Religious Diversity -- Religious Minority Group Affiliation -- Data and Methods -- Dependent Variable -- Independent Variables -- Results -- Summary and Conclusions -- Appendix -- References -- Chapter 6.

A Cross-National Examination of the Motivation to Volunteer -- Introduction -- Literature Review -- Data and Methods -- Sample -- Variables -- Results -- Discussion and Conclusion -- Appendix -- References -- Chapter 7 -- Volunteering Among Church Attendees in Australia -- Introduction -- Churches and Volunteering in Australia -- Research Questions -- Method -- Data Collection and Sample -- Scale Development -- Motivations for Volunteering in Four Domains and Three Organizational Types -- Demographics and Religious Orientation -- Analysis -- Findings -- Correlates of Individual Volunteering and Congregational Bridging -- Predictors of Congregational Bridging to the Community -- Predictors of Individual Volunteering -- Motivations for Volunteering -- Discussion -- Individual Volunteering in the Community -- Collective Efficacy and Congregational Bridging -- The Relationship Between Bonding and Bridging -- Religious and Personal Motivations to Volunteer -- Conclusion -- References -- Part III -- Religion and Volunteering in a (Post-)Secular Context -- Chapter 8 -- Lost and Found in Secularization -- Introduction -- The Altruistic Volunteer and the 'Problem of Goodness' -- Volunteering and Altruism: A Disputed Relationship -- Religion and Volunteering -- Method and Material -- Empirical Accounts -- Unpaid -- Freedom -- Rewards as Unexpected By-products -- To the Benefit of the Other in the Realm of Freedom -- The Lutheran Doctrine of the Calling -- A Religious Perspective on Volunteering -- Finding Religiosity Lost in Secularization -- Embedded Religion -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- Chapter 9 -- Making Church Happen -- Introduction -- Case Study: Schulen's Parish Church and Its Uncertain Future -- The Architectural Discourse -- A Parish Church as a Network -- A Parish Church as a Forum -- The Schulen Scale Model Trials -- Conclusion.

References -- Chapter 10 -- Restorative Justice and Volunteering in a Secular Age -- Introduction -- The Spiritual Roots of Restorative Justice -- A Moderate Plea for a Multidimensional Approach to Criminality -- Restorative Justice in a Secular Age -- Channelling Interaction Between Restorative Spirituality and the Secular State -- Volunteers and the Secular Grounds of a Moderate View of Restorative Justice -- Spirituality, Meaningfulness and Restorative Volunteering -- References -- Chapter 11 -- Short-Term Mission Voluntarism and the Postsecular Imaginary -- Introduction -- Data and Methods -- A Brief Overview and History of Short-Term Mission in the USA -- Engaging Others in Short-Term Mission -- "Getting Out of the Comfort Zone": Preparing for Short-Term Mission -- "It's cool to see God in another place...": Mission Practice -- Bringing Mission Home -- Conclusion -- References -- Part IV -- Politics of Religion and Volunteering -- Chapter 12 -- Religion and Social Solidarity -- Religion and Solidarity: The Neo-Tocquevillian Synthesis -- Troubles with the Neo-Tocquevillian Synthesis -- The Unitary Actor Model of Religion -- Multiple Acts of Solidarity: A Closer Look at the Meanings of Volunteering -- Religion and Solidarity in a Post-Tocquevillian Scenario -- Solidarity Amidst Porous Boundaries -- A Pragmatist Focus on Religious Expression -- A Case of a Religiously Sponsored Voluntary Association -- Personalized Inspiration in a Community Education Project -- Orchestrated Ambiguity and Inclusiveness -- Personalized Inspiration at Monthly Meetings -- Religious Expression, Settings, and Social Capital -- Discussion: Public Religious Style in Different National Contexts -- References -- Chapter 13 -- 'Your Prayer Moves God' -- Introduction and Theoretical Framework -- Methodological Procedure.

Sociopolitical and Religious Context of the Emergent Post 1990 C/P Movement -- Interpretation of Field Research Findings -- C/P Bonding Capital -- Spiritual Family -- Trust -- Freedom -- Religious Motivation for Volunteering Within a Third Cultural Space -- C/P Volunteering Between a Vision for Social Solidarity and the Pull of a Sectarian Sociopolitical Context -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Chapter 14 -- Faith-Based Organizations and Civic Engagement in Egypt -- Introduction -- FBOs and Political Transformation -- Civil Society in Egypt on the Eve of the Revolution -- The Case Study Organizations -- The Research Methodology -- FBOs' Reaction to the Revolution -- FBOs: Converting Religious Capital to Political Transformation? -- Summary and Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 15 -- 'Going Back to Our Values' -- Introduction -- Setting and Methodology -- The Social Origins of the Israeli Field of 'volunteering' -- Consolidating a Hegemonic Civil Order -- The Hegemony Crisis and the Rise of 'volunteering' -- Promoting 'Volunteering' in Times of White Decline -- Aspiring to a 'National Unity', Renewing the Civil Religion -- Adopting a 'Professional' Ethos -- Expanding 'Volunteering', Restoring a Mythical Past -- Inclusion and Exclusion in the Field of 'Volunteering' -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- Chapter 16 -- Volunteering in Religious Communities -- Introduction -- Calculating Social Yield -- Merits and Limits of the Method: Fictitious or Real Return? -- Public and Political Response -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- Index.

Religion is considered a key predictor of volunteering: the more religious people are, the more likely they are to volunteer. This positive association enjoys significant support in current research; in fact, it could be considered the 'default perspective' on the relationship between both phenomena. In this book, the authors claim that, although the dominant approach is legitimate and essential, it nonetheless falls short in grasping the full complexity of the interaction between religion and volunteering. It needs to be recognized that there are tensions between religion and volunteering, and that these tensions are intensifying as a result of the changing meaning and role of religion in society. Therefore, the central aim and contribution of this book is to demonstrate that the relationship between religion and volunteering is not univocal but differentiated, ambiguous and sometimes provocative. By introducing the reader to a much wider landscape of perspectives, this volume offers a richer, more complex and variable understanding. Apart from the established positive causality, the authors examine tensions between religion and volunteering from the perspective of religious obligation, religious change, processes of secularization and notions of post-secularity. They further explore how actions that are considered altruistic, politically neutral and motivated by religious beliefs can be used for political reasons. This volume opens up the field to new perspectives on religious actors and on how religion and volunteering are enacted outside Western liberal and Christian societies. It emphasizes interdisciplinary perspectives, including theology, philosophy, sociology, political science, anthropology and architecture.

Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.

Author notes provided by Syndetics

<p> Lesley Hustinx is assistant professor at the Department of Sociology of Ghent University</p> <p> Johan Von Essen is Doctor of Divinity and Researcher at the Institute for Civil Society Studies, Ersta Sköndal University College</p> <p> Jacques Haers is director of academic affairs at the University Centre Saint-Ignatius Antwerp</p> <p> Sara Mels is project-coordinator at the University Centre Saint-Ignatius Antwerp</p>

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