Normal view MARC view ISBD view

Selected speeches and writings / by Abraham Lincoln ; [Introduction by Gore Vidal].

By: Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.
Contributor(s): Frank and Virginia Williams Collection of Lincolniana (Mississippi State University. Libraries).
Material type: TextTextSeries: Library of America: Publisher: New York : Vintage Books, ©1992Edition: 1st Vintage books, Library of America ed.Description: xxvii, 515 pages ; 20 cm.Content type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeISBN: 9780679737315; 0679737316.Uniform titles: Works. Selections. 1991 DDC classification: 973.6/8 LOC classification: E457.92 | 1991
Contents:
Introduction / Gore Vidal -- To the people of Sangamo County, March 9, 1832 -- To the editor of the Sangamo Journal, June 13, 1836 -- To Mary S. Owens, December 13, 1836 -- Protest in the Illinois Legislature on slavery, March 3, 1837 -- To Mary S. Owens, May 7, 1837 -- To Mary S. Owens, August 16, 1837 -- Address to the Young Men's Lyceum of Springfield, Illinois, January 27, 1838 -- To Mrs. Orville H. Browning, April 1, 1838 -- To William S. Wait, March 2, 1839 -- To Andrew McCormick, c. December 1840-January 1841 -- To John T. Stuart, January 20, 1841-- To John T. Stuart, January 23, 1841 -- To Mary Speed, September 27, 1841 -- To Joshua F. Speed, c. early January 1842 -- To Joshua F. Speed, February 13, 8142 -- Address to the Washington Temperance Society of Springfield, Illinois, February 22, 1842 -- To Joshua F. Speed, February 23, 1842 -- To Joshua F. Speed, February 25, 1842 -- To Joshua F. Speed, March 27, 1842 -- To Joshua F. Speed, July 4, 1842.
To Williamson Durley, October 3, 1845 -- To Henry E. Dummer, November 18,1845 -- To Robert Boal, January 7, 1846 -- To Andrew Johnston, April 18, 1846 -- Handbill replying to charges of infidelity, July 31, 1846 -- To Andrew Johnston, September 6, 1846 -- "Spot" resolutions in the U.S. House of Representatives, December 22, 1847 -- From speech in the U.S. House of Representatives on the war with Mexico, January 12, 1848 -- To William H. Herndon, February 1, 1848 -- To William H. Herndon, February 15, 1848 -- To Mary Todd Lincoln, April 16, 1848 -- To Archibald Williams, April 39, 1848 -- To Mary Todd Lincoln, June 12, 1848 -- To William H. Herndon, June 22, 1848 -- To Horace Greeley, June 27, 1848-- To William H. Herndon, July 10, 1848 -- To William H. Herndon, July 11, 1848 -- Fragment on Niagara Falls, late September 1848? -- To Thomas Lincoln and John D. Johnston, December 24, 1848 -- To William B. Preston, May 16, 1849 -- To Elisha Embree, May 25, 1849 -- Notes on the practice of law, 1850? -- To John D. Johnston, January 12, 1851 -- To John D. Johnston, November 25, 1851 -- From eulogy on Henry Clay at Springfield, Illinois, July 6, 1852 -- To Thompson R. Webber, September 12, 1853 -- To Mason Brayman, October 3, 1853 -- Fragment on government, 1854?
From speech on the Kansas-Nebraska Act at Peoria, Illinois, October 16, 1854 -- To William H. Henderson, February 21, 1855 -- To Owen Lovejoy, August 11, 1855 -- To George Robertson, August 15, 1855 -- To Joshua F. Speed, August 24, 1855 -- To Lyman Trumbull, June 7, 1856 -- To Lyman Trumbull, August 11, 1856 -- Speech at Kalamazoo, Michigan, August 27, 1856 -- On Stephen Douglas, c. December 1856 -- Speech at Republican banquet in Chicago, Illinois, December 10, 1856 -- From speech on the Dred Scott decision at Springfield, Illinois, June 26, 1857 -- Draft of a speech, c. late December 1857 -- To Ozias M. Hatch, March 24, 1858 -- To Charles L. Wilson, June 1, 1858 -- "House divided" speech at Springfield, Illinois, June 16, 1858 -- From speech at Chicago, Illinois, July 10, 1858 -- To Henry Asbury, July 31, 1858 -- From first Lincoln-Douglas debate, Ottawa, Illinois, August 21, 1858 -- From second Lincoln-Douglas debate, Freeport, Illinois, August 27, 1858 -- Speech at Edwardsville, Illinois, September 11, 1858 -- From third Lincoln-Douglas debate, Jonesboro, Illinois, September 15, 1858 -- From fourth Lincoln-Douglas debate, Charleston, Illinois, September 18, 1858 -- On pro-slavery theology, 1858? -- From fifth Lincoln-Douglas debate, Galesburg, Illinois, October 7, 1858 -- From sixth Lincoln-Douglas debate, Quincy, Illinois, October 13, 1858 -- From seventh Lincoln-Douglas debate, Alton, Illinois, October 15, 1858 -- To Norman B. Judd, October 20, 1858 -- Last speech in campaign of 1858, Springfield, Illinois, October 30, 1858 -- To Charles H. Ray, November 20, 1858 -- Lecture on discoveries and inventions, Jacksonville, Illinois, February 11, 1859.
Speech at Chicago, Illinois, March 1, 1859 -- To Henry L. Pierce and others, April 6, 1859 -- To Theodore Canisius, May 17, 1859 -- To Salmon P. Chase, June 20, 1859 -- To Samuel Galloway, July 28, 1859 -- From speech at Columbus, Ohio, September 16, 1859 -- From speech at Cincinnati, Ohio, September 17, 1859 -- From address to the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, September 30, 1859 -- To Jesse W. Fell, enclosing autobiography, December 20, 1859 -- From address at Cooper Institute, New York City, February 27, 1860 -- To Mary Todd Lincoln, March 4, 1860 -- From speech at New Haven, Connecticut, March 6, 1860 -- To Samuel Galloway, March 24, 1860 -- To Lyman Trumbull, April 29, 1860 -- To George Ashmun, May 23, 1860 -- Autobiography written for campaign, c. June 1860 -- To Grace Bedell, October 19, 1860 -- To George T.M. Davis, October 27, 1860 -- To William Kellogg, December 11, 1860 -- To John A. Gilmer, December 15, 1860 -- To Thurlow Weed, December 17, 1860 -- To Alexander H. Stephens, December 22, 1860 -- To James T. Hale, January 11, 1861 -- Farewell Address at Springfield, Illinois, February 11, 1861 -- Speech to Germans at Cincinnati, Ohio, February 12, 1861.
Address to the New Jersey Senate at Trenton, New Jersey, February 21, 1861 -- Speech at Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 22, 1861 -- First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1861 -- To William H. Seward, April 1, 1861 -- To Robert Anderson, April 4, 1861 -- To Robert S. Chew, April 6, 1861 -- Proclamation calling militia and convening Congress, April 15, 1861 -- To Reverdy Johnson, April 24, 1861 -- To Winfield Scott, April 25, 1861 -- To Winfield Scott, April 27, 1861 -- Message to Congress in special session, July 4, 1861 -- To John C. Frémont, September 2, 1861 -- To John C. Frémont, September 11, 1861 -- From annual message to Congress, December 3, 1861 -- To Don C. Buell, January 6, 1862 -- Message to Congress, March 6, 1862 -- To Henry J. Raymond, March 9, 1862 -- Speech to a Massachusetts delegation, Washington, D.C., March 13, 1862 -- To George B. McClellan, April 9, 1862 -- To George B. McClellan, June 28, 1862 -- Appeal to border-state representatives for compensated emancipation, Washington, D.C., July 12, 1862.
Address on colonization to a committee of colored men, Washington, D.C., August 14, 1862 -- To Horace Greeley, August 22, 1862 -- Meditation on the divine will, c. early September 1862 -- Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, September 22, 1862 -- Proclamation suspending the writ of habeas corpus, September 24, 1862 -- To Hannibal Hamlin, September 28, 1862 -- To George B. McClellan, October 13, 1862 -- To John Pope, November 10, 1862 -- To George F. Shepley, November 21, 1862 -- To Nathaniel P. Banks, November 22, 1862 -- To Carl Schurz, November 24, 1862 -- From Annual Message to Congress, December 1, 1862 -- Message to Senate on Minnesota Indians, December 11, 1862 -- To Fanny McCullough, December 23, 1862 -- Final Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863 -- To John A. McClernand, January 8, 1863 -- To Joseph Hooker, January 26, 1863 -- To John M. Schofield, May 27, 1863 -- To Erastus Corning and others, June 12, 1863 -- To Joseph Hooker, June 16, 1863 -- To George G. Meade, July 14, 1863 -- To Oliver O. Howard, July 21, 1863 -- To Montgomery Blair, July 24, 1863 -- Order of Retaliation, July 30, 1863 -- To Stephen A. Hurlbut, July 31, 1863 -- To Nathaniel P. Banks, August 5, 1863.
To James H. Hackett, August 17, 1863 -- To James C. Conkling, August 26, 1863 -- To Salmon P. Chase, September 2, 1863 -- To Andrew Johnson, September 11, 1863 -- Opinion on the draft, c. mid-September 1863 -- To Henry W. Halleck, September 19, 1863 -- To James M. Cutts, October 26, 1863 -- To James H. Hackett, November 2, 1863 -- To Nathaniel P. Banks, November 5, 1863 -- Address at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, November 19, 1863 -- From Annual Message to Congress, December 8, 1863 -- Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, December 8, 1863 -- To Thomas Cottman, December 15, 1863 -- To Oliver D. Filley, December 22, 1863 -- To Edwin M. Stanton, February 5, 1864 -- To Salmon P. Chase, February 29, 1864 -- To Edwin M. Stanton, March 1, 1864 -- To John A.J. Creswell, March 7, 1864 -- To Michael Hahn, March 13, 1864 -- To Albert G. Hodges, April 4, 1864 -- Address at Sanitary Fair, Baltimore, Maryland, April 18, 1864 -- To Charles Sumner, May 19, 1864 -- To John H. Bryant, May 30, 1864 -- Reply to Committee of the National Union Convention, Washington, D.C., June 9, 1864 -- Reply to delegation from the National Union League, Washington, D.C., June 9, 1864.
To Salmon P. Chase, June 30, 1864 -- Proclamation concerning reconstruction, July 8, 1864 -- To John McMahon, August 6, 1864 -- To Charles D. Robinson, August 17, 1864 -- Speech to the 166th Ohio Regiment, August 22, 1864 -- Memorandum of Probable Failure of Re-election, August 23, 1864 -- To Eliza P. Gurney, September 4, 1864 -- To William T. Sherman, September 19, 1864 -- Response to Serenade, Washington, D.C., October 19, 1864 -- Response to Serenade, Washington, D.C., November 10, 1864 -- To Stephen A. Hurlbut, November 14, 1864 -- To Mrs. Lydia Bixby, November 21, 1864 -- From Annual Message to Congress, December 6, 1864 -- To William T. Sherman, December 26, 1864 -- To Ulysses S. Grant, January 19, 1865 -- Response to Serenade, Washington, D.C., February 1, 1865 -- To John Glenn, February 7, 1865 -- Reply to Notification Committee, Washington, D.C., March 1, 1865 -- To Ulysses S. Grant, March 3, 1865 -- Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865 -- To Thurlow Weed, March 15, 1865 -- Speech to the 140th Indiana Regiment, Washington, D.C., March 17, 1865 -- Response to Serenade, Washington, D.C., April 10, 1865 -- Speech to Reconstruction, Washington, D.C., April 11, 1865 -- Chronology -- Note on the texts -- Notes -- Index.
Summary: This work is a collection of speeches and other writings of Abraham Lincoln, ranging from finely honed legal arguments to dry and sometimes savage humor, to private correspondence and political rhetoric.
Tags from this library: No tags from this library for this title. Log in to add tags.
Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode
Book University of Texas At Tyler
Stacks - 3rd Floor
E457.92 1991 (Browse shelf) Available 0000002259356

The texts are selected from The collected works of Abraham Lincoln, edited by Roy Basler, c1953 and its supplement, c1974, and annotated by Don E. Fehrenbacher.

"Originally published in hardcover, in two separate volumes, by the Library of America, 1989"--Title page verso.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Introduction / Gore Vidal -- To the people of Sangamo County, March 9, 1832 -- To the editor of the Sangamo Journal, June 13, 1836 -- To Mary S. Owens, December 13, 1836 -- Protest in the Illinois Legislature on slavery, March 3, 1837 -- To Mary S. Owens, May 7, 1837 -- To Mary S. Owens, August 16, 1837 -- Address to the Young Men's Lyceum of Springfield, Illinois, January 27, 1838 -- To Mrs. Orville H. Browning, April 1, 1838 -- To William S. Wait, March 2, 1839 -- To Andrew McCormick, c. December 1840-January 1841 -- To John T. Stuart, January 20, 1841-- To John T. Stuart, January 23, 1841 -- To Mary Speed, September 27, 1841 -- To Joshua F. Speed, c. early January 1842 -- To Joshua F. Speed, February 13, 8142 -- Address to the Washington Temperance Society of Springfield, Illinois, February 22, 1842 -- To Joshua F. Speed, February 23, 1842 -- To Joshua F. Speed, February 25, 1842 -- To Joshua F. Speed, March 27, 1842 -- To Joshua F. Speed, July 4, 1842.

To Williamson Durley, October 3, 1845 -- To Henry E. Dummer, November 18,1845 -- To Robert Boal, January 7, 1846 -- To Andrew Johnston, April 18, 1846 -- Handbill replying to charges of infidelity, July 31, 1846 -- To Andrew Johnston, September 6, 1846 -- "Spot" resolutions in the U.S. House of Representatives, December 22, 1847 -- From speech in the U.S. House of Representatives on the war with Mexico, January 12, 1848 -- To William H. Herndon, February 1, 1848 -- To William H. Herndon, February 15, 1848 -- To Mary Todd Lincoln, April 16, 1848 -- To Archibald Williams, April 39, 1848 -- To Mary Todd Lincoln, June 12, 1848 -- To William H. Herndon, June 22, 1848 -- To Horace Greeley, June 27, 1848-- To William H. Herndon, July 10, 1848 -- To William H. Herndon, July 11, 1848 -- Fragment on Niagara Falls, late September 1848? -- To Thomas Lincoln and John D. Johnston, December 24, 1848 -- To William B. Preston, May 16, 1849 -- To Elisha Embree, May 25, 1849 -- Notes on the practice of law, 1850? -- To John D. Johnston, January 12, 1851 -- To John D. Johnston, November 25, 1851 -- From eulogy on Henry Clay at Springfield, Illinois, July 6, 1852 -- To Thompson R. Webber, September 12, 1853 -- To Mason Brayman, October 3, 1853 -- Fragment on government, 1854?

From speech on the Kansas-Nebraska Act at Peoria, Illinois, October 16, 1854 -- To William H. Henderson, February 21, 1855 -- To Owen Lovejoy, August 11, 1855 -- To George Robertson, August 15, 1855 -- To Joshua F. Speed, August 24, 1855 -- To Lyman Trumbull, June 7, 1856 -- To Lyman Trumbull, August 11, 1856 -- Speech at Kalamazoo, Michigan, August 27, 1856 -- On Stephen Douglas, c. December 1856 -- Speech at Republican banquet in Chicago, Illinois, December 10, 1856 -- From speech on the Dred Scott decision at Springfield, Illinois, June 26, 1857 -- Draft of a speech, c. late December 1857 -- To Ozias M. Hatch, March 24, 1858 -- To Charles L. Wilson, June 1, 1858 -- "House divided" speech at Springfield, Illinois, June 16, 1858 -- From speech at Chicago, Illinois, July 10, 1858 -- To Henry Asbury, July 31, 1858 -- From first Lincoln-Douglas debate, Ottawa, Illinois, August 21, 1858 -- From second Lincoln-Douglas debate, Freeport, Illinois, August 27, 1858 -- Speech at Edwardsville, Illinois, September 11, 1858 -- From third Lincoln-Douglas debate, Jonesboro, Illinois, September 15, 1858 -- From fourth Lincoln-Douglas debate, Charleston, Illinois, September 18, 1858 -- On pro-slavery theology, 1858? -- From fifth Lincoln-Douglas debate, Galesburg, Illinois, October 7, 1858 -- From sixth Lincoln-Douglas debate, Quincy, Illinois, October 13, 1858 -- From seventh Lincoln-Douglas debate, Alton, Illinois, October 15, 1858 -- To Norman B. Judd, October 20, 1858 -- Last speech in campaign of 1858, Springfield, Illinois, October 30, 1858 -- To Charles H. Ray, November 20, 1858 -- Lecture on discoveries and inventions, Jacksonville, Illinois, February 11, 1859.

Speech at Chicago, Illinois, March 1, 1859 -- To Henry L. Pierce and others, April 6, 1859 -- To Theodore Canisius, May 17, 1859 -- To Salmon P. Chase, June 20, 1859 -- To Samuel Galloway, July 28, 1859 -- From speech at Columbus, Ohio, September 16, 1859 -- From speech at Cincinnati, Ohio, September 17, 1859 -- From address to the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, September 30, 1859 -- To Jesse W. Fell, enclosing autobiography, December 20, 1859 -- From address at Cooper Institute, New York City, February 27, 1860 -- To Mary Todd Lincoln, March 4, 1860 -- From speech at New Haven, Connecticut, March 6, 1860 -- To Samuel Galloway, March 24, 1860 -- To Lyman Trumbull, April 29, 1860 -- To George Ashmun, May 23, 1860 -- Autobiography written for campaign, c. June 1860 -- To Grace Bedell, October 19, 1860 -- To George T.M. Davis, October 27, 1860 -- To William Kellogg, December 11, 1860 -- To John A. Gilmer, December 15, 1860 -- To Thurlow Weed, December 17, 1860 -- To Alexander H. Stephens, December 22, 1860 -- To James T. Hale, January 11, 1861 -- Farewell Address at Springfield, Illinois, February 11, 1861 -- Speech to Germans at Cincinnati, Ohio, February 12, 1861.

Address to the New Jersey Senate at Trenton, New Jersey, February 21, 1861 -- Speech at Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 22, 1861 -- First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1861 -- To William H. Seward, April 1, 1861 -- To Robert Anderson, April 4, 1861 -- To Robert S. Chew, April 6, 1861 -- Proclamation calling militia and convening Congress, April 15, 1861 -- To Reverdy Johnson, April 24, 1861 -- To Winfield Scott, April 25, 1861 -- To Winfield Scott, April 27, 1861 -- Message to Congress in special session, July 4, 1861 -- To John C. Frémont, September 2, 1861 -- To John C. Frémont, September 11, 1861 -- From annual message to Congress, December 3, 1861 -- To Don C. Buell, January 6, 1862 -- Message to Congress, March 6, 1862 -- To Henry J. Raymond, March 9, 1862 -- Speech to a Massachusetts delegation, Washington, D.C., March 13, 1862 -- To George B. McClellan, April 9, 1862 -- To George B. McClellan, June 28, 1862 -- Appeal to border-state representatives for compensated emancipation, Washington, D.C., July 12, 1862.

Address on colonization to a committee of colored men, Washington, D.C., August 14, 1862 -- To Horace Greeley, August 22, 1862 -- Meditation on the divine will, c. early September 1862 -- Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, September 22, 1862 -- Proclamation suspending the writ of habeas corpus, September 24, 1862 -- To Hannibal Hamlin, September 28, 1862 -- To George B. McClellan, October 13, 1862 -- To John Pope, November 10, 1862 -- To George F. Shepley, November 21, 1862 -- To Nathaniel P. Banks, November 22, 1862 -- To Carl Schurz, November 24, 1862 -- From Annual Message to Congress, December 1, 1862 -- Message to Senate on Minnesota Indians, December 11, 1862 -- To Fanny McCullough, December 23, 1862 -- Final Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863 -- To John A. McClernand, January 8, 1863 -- To Joseph Hooker, January 26, 1863 -- To John M. Schofield, May 27, 1863 -- To Erastus Corning and others, June 12, 1863 -- To Joseph Hooker, June 16, 1863 -- To George G. Meade, July 14, 1863 -- To Oliver O. Howard, July 21, 1863 -- To Montgomery Blair, July 24, 1863 -- Order of Retaliation, July 30, 1863 -- To Stephen A. Hurlbut, July 31, 1863 -- To Nathaniel P. Banks, August 5, 1863.

To James H. Hackett, August 17, 1863 -- To James C. Conkling, August 26, 1863 -- To Salmon P. Chase, September 2, 1863 -- To Andrew Johnson, September 11, 1863 -- Opinion on the draft, c. mid-September 1863 -- To Henry W. Halleck, September 19, 1863 -- To James M. Cutts, October 26, 1863 -- To James H. Hackett, November 2, 1863 -- To Nathaniel P. Banks, November 5, 1863 -- Address at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, November 19, 1863 -- From Annual Message to Congress, December 8, 1863 -- Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, December 8, 1863 -- To Thomas Cottman, December 15, 1863 -- To Oliver D. Filley, December 22, 1863 -- To Edwin M. Stanton, February 5, 1864 -- To Salmon P. Chase, February 29, 1864 -- To Edwin M. Stanton, March 1, 1864 -- To John A.J. Creswell, March 7, 1864 -- To Michael Hahn, March 13, 1864 -- To Albert G. Hodges, April 4, 1864 -- Address at Sanitary Fair, Baltimore, Maryland, April 18, 1864 -- To Charles Sumner, May 19, 1864 -- To John H. Bryant, May 30, 1864 -- Reply to Committee of the National Union Convention, Washington, D.C., June 9, 1864 -- Reply to delegation from the National Union League, Washington, D.C., June 9, 1864.

To Salmon P. Chase, June 30, 1864 -- Proclamation concerning reconstruction, July 8, 1864 -- To John McMahon, August 6, 1864 -- To Charles D. Robinson, August 17, 1864 -- Speech to the 166th Ohio Regiment, August 22, 1864 -- Memorandum of Probable Failure of Re-election, August 23, 1864 -- To Eliza P. Gurney, September 4, 1864 -- To William T. Sherman, September 19, 1864 -- Response to Serenade, Washington, D.C., October 19, 1864 -- Response to Serenade, Washington, D.C., November 10, 1864 -- To Stephen A. Hurlbut, November 14, 1864 -- To Mrs. Lydia Bixby, November 21, 1864 -- From Annual Message to Congress, December 6, 1864 -- To William T. Sherman, December 26, 1864 -- To Ulysses S. Grant, January 19, 1865 -- Response to Serenade, Washington, D.C., February 1, 1865 -- To John Glenn, February 7, 1865 -- Reply to Notification Committee, Washington, D.C., March 1, 1865 -- To Ulysses S. Grant, March 3, 1865 -- Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865 -- To Thurlow Weed, March 15, 1865 -- Speech to the 140th Indiana Regiment, Washington, D.C., March 17, 1865 -- Response to Serenade, Washington, D.C., April 10, 1865 -- Speech to Reconstruction, Washington, D.C., April 11, 1865 -- Chronology -- Note on the texts -- Notes -- Index.

This work is a collection of speeches and other writings of Abraham Lincoln, ranging from finely honed legal arguments to dry and sometimes savage humor, to private correspondence and political rhetoric.

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 - April 15, 1865) was the 16th president of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional and political crisis. In doing so, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy. <p> Lincoln was a self-educated lawyer in Illinois, a Whig Party leader and a state legislator in the 1830s. After a series of highly publicized debates in 1858, during which Lincoln spoke out against the expansion of slavery, he lost the U.S. Senate race to his archrival, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas. In 1860, Lincoln secured a Republican Party presidential nomination. His presidential election resulted in seven southern slave states to form the Confederacy before he took the office on March 4, 1861. <p> Lincoln is regarded by historians as one of the greatest United States presidents. During his term, he created the system of national banks with the National Banking Act. This provided a strong financial network in the country. It also established a national currency. In 1862, Congress created, with Lincoln's approval, the Department of Agriculture. Lincoln was able to appoint five Supreme Court justices during his time as president. He is largely responsible for instituting the Thanksgiving holiday in the US. <p> Lincoln's Gettysburg Address of 1863 became an iconic statement of America's dedication to the principles of nationalism, republicanism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy. Lincoln held a moderate view of Reconstruction. On April 15, 1865, six days after the surrender of Confederate commanding General Robert E. Lee, Lincoln was assassinated at the Ford Theater by John Wilkes Booth, a noted actor and Confederate spy from Maryland. <p> Lincoln was married to Mary Todd Lincoln on November 4, 1842. They had four children, all boys. Only the oldest, Robert, survived to adulthood. After Lincoln's death, Robert committed his mother, Mary, for a short time. The death of their children had a profound effect on the mental health of both Lincoln and his wife. <p> (Bowker Author Biography)

There are no comments for this item.

Log in to your account to post a comment.