The dark side of nation states : ethnic cleansing in modern Europe / Philipp Ther ; translated from German by Charlotte Kreutzmüller.Material type: TextLanguage: English Original language: German Series: JSTOR eBooksWar and genocide: v. 19.Publisher: New York : Berghahn Books, Copyright date: ©2014Description: 1 online resource (vi, 281 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781782383031; 1782383034Uniform titles: Dunkle Seite der Nationalstaaten. English Additional physical formats: Print version:: Dark side of nation statesDDC classification: 304.6/630940904 LOC classification: D445 | .T42713 2014Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
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Includes bibliographical references and index.
Part I. Setting the ground -- 1. Preconditions of ethnic cleansing -- The ideology of modern nationalism -- The nation-state in theory and practice -- "Minority problems" -- European modernity -- Christian intolerance -- Part II. Phases and agents of ethnic cleansing -- 2. Ethnic cleansing as an instrument of international politics (1912-25) -- The Balkan Wars and their consequences -- Deportations in World War I -- Postwar migrations -- Triage in Alsace -- The protection and reduction of minorities in the Paris Peace Treaties -- The Treaty of Lausanne -- 3. Total war and total cleansings (1938-44) -- From the Munich Agreement to World War I -- Heim ins Reich -- Under Nazi occupation -- Soviet ethnic cleansing -- Wars within the war : the Ukrainian-Polish and the Serbo-Croatian Conflict -- More cases in Germany's sphere of influence -- Ethnic cleansing of Jews -- 4. A clean new order in Europe (1944-50) -- Allies plans -- Poland and Czechoslovakia -- More cases in the Soviet sphere of influence -- At the former lines of the Cold War -- On the British track : India and Palestine -- Part III. Ghosts of the past -- 5. The former Yugoslavia and the Caucasus (1991-99) -- The breakup of Yugoslavia -- Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina -- Kosovo -- Conflicts in the Caucasus compared -- Conclusion and historical typology -- Annotated bibliography -- Comprehensive histories of ethnic cleansing -- Literature on the resettlement of ethnically cleansed regions -- Literature on remembrance and collective memory -- Literature on individual countries.
Print version record.
Why was there such a far-reaching consensus concerning the utopian goal of national homogeneity in the first half of the twentieth century? Ethnic cleansing is analyzed here as a result of the formation of democratic nation-states, the international order based on them, and European modernity in general. Almost all mass-scale population removals were rationally and precisely organized and carried out in cold blood, with revenge, hatred and other strong emotions playing only a minor role. This book not only considers the majority of population removals which occurred in Eastern Europe, but is also an encompassing, comparative study including Western Europe, interrogating the motivations of Western statesmen and their involvement in large-scale population removals. It also reaches beyond the European continent and considers the reverberations of colonial rule and ethnic cleansing in the former British colonies.-- Publisher description.
Reviews provided by Syndetics
CHOICE ReviewThis instructive text offers a useful analysis of ethnic cleansing that drills into acts often conflated with genocide. Ther (Univ. of Vienna) clarifies this in the book's introduction: "the primary goal of ethnic cleansing was not to murder and destroy a population group but to forcibly remove one from a given area." Throughout the text, chapters outline different examples of ethnic cleansing across Europe during the 20th century. Neatly written in a case study style, the chapters help readers understand the complex interplay of cultural bias and the politics of nation-states. Ther elucidates the complexities of ethnic cleansing well, but the chapter summaries can at times reprise too much of the preceding chapters. The annotated bibliography that concludes the text is excellent, providing a range of sources that touch on country-specific literature and collective memory. This well-researched text will empower readers to carefully consider the intersections and differences between ethnic cleansing and genocide. --Caro Pinto, Mount Holyoke College
Author notes provided by Syndetics
Philipp Ther holds a Chair of Central European History at the University of Vienna. Previously he was a professor of comparative European history at the EUI in Florence. He has published and edited several books on ethnic cleansing, including Redrawing Nations: Ethnic Cleansing in East-Central Europe 1944-1948 (co-edited with A. Siljak; Rowman and Littlefield, 2001). He also co-edited Robbery and Restitution: The Conflict over Jewish Property in Europe , (Berghahn, 2007). His most recent book Die neue Ordnung auf dem alten Kontinent: Eine Geschichte des neoliberalen Europa, (Suhrkamp Verlag, 2014) [The New Order on the Old Continent. A History of Neoliberal Europe], was awarded with the non-fiction bookprize of the Leipzig bookfare and has been contracted by Princeton University Press.