Mississippi Delta Restoration : Pathways to a Sustainable Future.

By: Day, John WContributor(s): Erdman, Jori AMaterial type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on DemandEstuaries of the World Ser: Publisher: Cham : Springer, 2017Copyright date: ©2018Description: 1 online resource (270 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783319656632Subject(s): Coastal ecology-Mississippi-Delta (Region) | Estuarine restoration-Mississippi-Delta (Region)Genre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Mississippi Delta Restoration : Pathways to a Sustainable FutureDDC classification: 577.51 LOC classification: GE1-350Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Intro -- Foreword -- Preface to the Day and Erdman Text -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- Contributors -- Introduction - Changing Conditions in the Mississippi Delta from 1700 to 2100 and Beyond: Avoiding Folly -- No Living Memory - Paradise Lost -- Background for This Book -- Perspectives on the Restoration of the Mississippi Delta -- Changing Course: A Bold and Pragmatic Future -- Context of the Competition -- The Future Is Now -- References -- A Brief History of Delta Formation and Deterioration -- Formation of the Mississippi Delta -- Deterioration of the Mississippi Delta -- Mississippi River Water Quality Changes and Offshore Hypoxia -- Wetland Loss in the Twentieth Century -- Hydrologic Alteration -- Human Induced Subsidence -- Sea-Level Rise -- Long-Term Water Level Cycles -- Species Conversion as a Measure of Climate Change -- References -- Levees and the Making of a Dysfunctional Floodplain -- The Levee Compulsion, 1718-1927 -- Controlled Connections for Flood Control -- Restoring Connections to Wetlands -- Conclusions -- References -- The Nutria in Louisiana: A Current and Historical Perspective -- Nutria in Louisiana Wetlands: A Current and Historical Perspective -- Introduction -- A Short History of the Nutria in Louisiana -- Reproductive Potential of Nutria -- Movements, Home Range, Dispersal -- Habitat Preferences -- Food Selection -- Nutria Grazing Impacts to Coastal Louisiana Wetlands -- Nutria Biomass Consumption Relative to Marsh Production -- Historical Nutria Abundance Estimates -- Contemporary Harvest of Nutria as an Indication of Abundance -- Habitat Type -- Region -- Methods to Control Nutria Populations -- Nutria Population Control at Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge -- Coastwide Nutria Control Program -- CNCP Nutria-Damaged Marsh Distribution -- CNCP Program Success.
The Importance of Alligators as Predators on Nutria -- Summary -- References -- Optimum Use of Fresh Water to Restore Baldcypress - Water Tupelo Swamps and Freshwater Marshes and Protect Against Salt Water ... -- Introduction and Statement of the Problem -- Restoring and Maintaining Baldcypress-Water Tupelo Swamps and Freshwater Marshes -- Sources of Fresh Water to the Pontchartrain Basin -- Local River Input -- Freshwater Diversions -- Un-gauged Non-point Source Runoff -- Direct Rainfall on Wetlands Surrounding Lake Pontchartrain -- Storm Water Pumps -- Treated Municipal Effluent -- Conventional Wastewater Treatment Plants -- Decentralized Treatment systems -- Wetland Assimilation -- GIS Analysis of Freshwater Resources -- Water Budgets -- Hydrological Restoration -- Other Issues -- References -- Energy and Climate - Global Trends and Their Implications for Delta Restoration -- Introduction -- Climate Change -- What Is Climate Change? -- Anthropogenic Effects - Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect -- Risks of Climate Change -- Temperature Rise -- Sea-Level Rise -- Tropical Storms and Hurricanes -- Increase in Mississippi River Discharge -- Other Extreme Weather Events -- Implications for the Mississippi River Delta and Coastal Louisiana -- Energy -- World Energy Production and Consumption -- Future Production of Fossil Fuels -- Resource Availability -- Resource Accessibility -- The Future of Energy -- Nonconventional Oil and Gas Substitutes -- Renewable Energy -- Implications for Coastal Louisiana -- Conclusions -- References -- The Costs and Sustainability of Ongoing Efforts to Restore and Protect Louisiana´s Coast -- Coastal Restoration and Protection in Louisiana -- Objectives and Overview -- Review of Recent Coastal Restoration and Protection Policies -- Coevolution of the Coastal Master Plan and Numerical Models -- Restoration Projects.
Trends in Restoration Funding and Allocation -- From Planning to Project Completion -- Tradeoffs of Land Building Approaches -- Hydraulic Dredging (Marsh Creation and Dune Restoration) -- River Diversions -- Comparing the Options -- Sustainable Steps Forward for the Mississippi Delta -- Financial Constraints -- Summary and Conclusions -- References -- Large Infrequently Operated River Diversions for Mississippi Delta Restoration -- Introduction: Historical Perspective -- Existing Natural and Artificial Diversions as Models -- Major Delta Lobe Development vs. Crevasse Formation -- Benefits of Large Infrequent Diversions -- The Relative Costs of Restoration -- Issues Related to Diversions: Inundation, Salinity, Fisheries, and Water Quality -- Inundation -- Flooding Threat to Human Infrastructure -- Sediment Retention and Consolidation -- Salinity -- Fisheries -- Water Quality -- Nutrients Cause Marsh Deterioration -- Implications of Climate Change and Energy Scarcity for Coastal Restoration -- Climate Change -- Energy Scarcity -- Summary -- Investigation 1: A Large, Intermittent River Diversion into the Maurepas Swamp -- Investigation 2: The Impacts of Oil Price and Suspended Sediments on Marsh Creation Costs -- Literature Cited -- References for Addendum -- Raising Urban Land: Historical Perspectives on Adaptation -- Introduction -- Human Adaptations to Wetlands in Louisiana -- Draining and Building Land Beyond Louisiana -- Changing the Urban Alignment -- Raising New Orleans -- Environmental Equity and Citizen Engagement -- Conclusions -- References -- Raising Buildings: The Resilience of Elevated Structures -- Introduction -- Louisiana Response to Building -- Elevated Structures: Foundations -- Elevated Structures: Access -- Stairs -- Ramps -- Elevators -- Amphibious Structures -- Building Materials -- Risk -- The Civics of Individual Buildings.
Conclusion -- References -- Raising New Orleans: The Marais Design Strategy -- Introduction -- The Marais Design Strategy -- Conclusions -- References -- Eroding Communities and Diverting Populations: Historical Population Dynamics in Coastal Louisiana -- Introduction -- Defining and Measuring Resilience as a Factor in Population Change -- Importance of Understanding Historical Resilience and Population Dynamics -- Resilience and Recovery in Coastal Louisiana -- Historical Changes in Social Vulnerability -- Historical Population Change and Transitions -- Increasing Adaptive Capacity -- References -- Developing Legal Strategies for a Sustainable Coast -- Introduction -- National Flood Insurance Program -- Eminent Domain -- State Powers - ``Kelo Issues´´ -- Federal Programs That Affect Relocation -- Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act (URA) -- Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act (GOMESA), and the Resources and Ecosystems Sustainability, Tourist Opportunities, and Reviv... -- Discussion -- Moving Forward -- Third Party Standards/Private Regulation -- Summary and Conclusions -- Final Summary -- References -- Index.
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Intro -- Foreword -- Preface to the Day and Erdman Text -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- Contributors -- Introduction - Changing Conditions in the Mississippi Delta from 1700 to 2100 and Beyond: Avoiding Folly -- No Living Memory - Paradise Lost -- Background for This Book -- Perspectives on the Restoration of the Mississippi Delta -- Changing Course: A Bold and Pragmatic Future -- Context of the Competition -- The Future Is Now -- References -- A Brief History of Delta Formation and Deterioration -- Formation of the Mississippi Delta -- Deterioration of the Mississippi Delta -- Mississippi River Water Quality Changes and Offshore Hypoxia -- Wetland Loss in the Twentieth Century -- Hydrologic Alteration -- Human Induced Subsidence -- Sea-Level Rise -- Long-Term Water Level Cycles -- Species Conversion as a Measure of Climate Change -- References -- Levees and the Making of a Dysfunctional Floodplain -- The Levee Compulsion, 1718-1927 -- Controlled Connections for Flood Control -- Restoring Connections to Wetlands -- Conclusions -- References -- The Nutria in Louisiana: A Current and Historical Perspective -- Nutria in Louisiana Wetlands: A Current and Historical Perspective -- Introduction -- A Short History of the Nutria in Louisiana -- Reproductive Potential of Nutria -- Movements, Home Range, Dispersal -- Habitat Preferences -- Food Selection -- Nutria Grazing Impacts to Coastal Louisiana Wetlands -- Nutria Biomass Consumption Relative to Marsh Production -- Historical Nutria Abundance Estimates -- Contemporary Harvest of Nutria as an Indication of Abundance -- Habitat Type -- Region -- Methods to Control Nutria Populations -- Nutria Population Control at Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge -- Coastwide Nutria Control Program -- CNCP Nutria-Damaged Marsh Distribution -- CNCP Program Success.

The Importance of Alligators as Predators on Nutria -- Summary -- References -- Optimum Use of Fresh Water to Restore Baldcypress - Water Tupelo Swamps and Freshwater Marshes and Protect Against Salt Water ... -- Introduction and Statement of the Problem -- Restoring and Maintaining Baldcypress-Water Tupelo Swamps and Freshwater Marshes -- Sources of Fresh Water to the Pontchartrain Basin -- Local River Input -- Freshwater Diversions -- Un-gauged Non-point Source Runoff -- Direct Rainfall on Wetlands Surrounding Lake Pontchartrain -- Storm Water Pumps -- Treated Municipal Effluent -- Conventional Wastewater Treatment Plants -- Decentralized Treatment systems -- Wetland Assimilation -- GIS Analysis of Freshwater Resources -- Water Budgets -- Hydrological Restoration -- Other Issues -- References -- Energy and Climate - Global Trends and Their Implications for Delta Restoration -- Introduction -- Climate Change -- What Is Climate Change? -- Anthropogenic Effects - Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect -- Risks of Climate Change -- Temperature Rise -- Sea-Level Rise -- Tropical Storms and Hurricanes -- Increase in Mississippi River Discharge -- Other Extreme Weather Events -- Implications for the Mississippi River Delta and Coastal Louisiana -- Energy -- World Energy Production and Consumption -- Future Production of Fossil Fuels -- Resource Availability -- Resource Accessibility -- The Future of Energy -- Nonconventional Oil and Gas Substitutes -- Renewable Energy -- Implications for Coastal Louisiana -- Conclusions -- References -- The Costs and Sustainability of Ongoing Efforts to Restore and Protect Louisiana´s Coast -- Coastal Restoration and Protection in Louisiana -- Objectives and Overview -- Review of Recent Coastal Restoration and Protection Policies -- Coevolution of the Coastal Master Plan and Numerical Models -- Restoration Projects.

Trends in Restoration Funding and Allocation -- From Planning to Project Completion -- Tradeoffs of Land Building Approaches -- Hydraulic Dredging (Marsh Creation and Dune Restoration) -- River Diversions -- Comparing the Options -- Sustainable Steps Forward for the Mississippi Delta -- Financial Constraints -- Summary and Conclusions -- References -- Large Infrequently Operated River Diversions for Mississippi Delta Restoration -- Introduction: Historical Perspective -- Existing Natural and Artificial Diversions as Models -- Major Delta Lobe Development vs. Crevasse Formation -- Benefits of Large Infrequent Diversions -- The Relative Costs of Restoration -- Issues Related to Diversions: Inundation, Salinity, Fisheries, and Water Quality -- Inundation -- Flooding Threat to Human Infrastructure -- Sediment Retention and Consolidation -- Salinity -- Fisheries -- Water Quality -- Nutrients Cause Marsh Deterioration -- Implications of Climate Change and Energy Scarcity for Coastal Restoration -- Climate Change -- Energy Scarcity -- Summary -- Investigation 1: A Large, Intermittent River Diversion into the Maurepas Swamp -- Investigation 2: The Impacts of Oil Price and Suspended Sediments on Marsh Creation Costs -- Literature Cited -- References for Addendum -- Raising Urban Land: Historical Perspectives on Adaptation -- Introduction -- Human Adaptations to Wetlands in Louisiana -- Draining and Building Land Beyond Louisiana -- Changing the Urban Alignment -- Raising New Orleans -- Environmental Equity and Citizen Engagement -- Conclusions -- References -- Raising Buildings: The Resilience of Elevated Structures -- Introduction -- Louisiana Response to Building -- Elevated Structures: Foundations -- Elevated Structures: Access -- Stairs -- Ramps -- Elevators -- Amphibious Structures -- Building Materials -- Risk -- The Civics of Individual Buildings.

Conclusion -- References -- Raising New Orleans: The Marais Design Strategy -- Introduction -- The Marais Design Strategy -- Conclusions -- References -- Eroding Communities and Diverting Populations: Historical Population Dynamics in Coastal Louisiana -- Introduction -- Defining and Measuring Resilience as a Factor in Population Change -- Importance of Understanding Historical Resilience and Population Dynamics -- Resilience and Recovery in Coastal Louisiana -- Historical Changes in Social Vulnerability -- Historical Population Change and Transitions -- Increasing Adaptive Capacity -- References -- Developing Legal Strategies for a Sustainable Coast -- Introduction -- National Flood Insurance Program -- Eminent Domain -- State Powers - ``Kelo Issues´´ -- Federal Programs That Affect Relocation -- Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act (URA) -- Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act (GOMESA), and the Resources and Ecosystems Sustainability, Tourist Opportunities, and Reviv... -- Discussion -- Moving Forward -- Third Party Standards/Private Regulation -- Summary and Conclusions -- Final Summary -- References -- Index.

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