Prisoner Reentry : Critical Issues and Policy Directions.

By: Stojkovic, StanMaterial type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on DemandPublisher: New York : Palgrave Macmillan US, 2017Copyright date: ©2017Description: 1 online resource (352 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781137579294Subject(s): PoliceGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Prisoner Reentry : Critical Issues and Policy DirectionsDDC classification: 365/.6470973 LOC classification: HV6001-7220.5Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Intro -- Prisoner Reentry -- Acknowledgments -- Contents -- List of Tables -- Introduction -- References -- Unique Challenges of Reentry for Convicted Sex Offenders -- Introduction -- Out-of-Home Placement -- Societal Misrepresentations -- Offender Specific Laws and Policies -- Civil Commitment Laws -- Sexual Offender Registration and Community Notification -- Residence Restrictions -- Chemical Castration -- Collateral Consequences of Sex Offending -- Sex Offender Expectations and Accounts of Reentry -- Housing Restrictions and Unavailability -- Employment and Financial Concerns -- Psychological Consequences -- Social Consequences -- Social Disorganization -- Harassment, Threats, and Vigilantism -- Maintaining Family Ties and Relationships with Significant Others -- Secondary Consequences for Family Members -- Establishing Friendships and Dating Relations -- Community Supervision and Monitoring of Sex Offenders -- Models of Community Supervision -- The Containment Model -- The Comprehensive Approach -- Specialized Caseloads -- Risk Assessment -- Specialized Treatment -- Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment -- Risk-Need Model -- The Good Lives Model -- The Risk-Need and Good Lives Models -- Conditions of Supervision and Contacts with Supervising Agents -- Post-Conviction Polygraph (PCSCOT) -- Electronic Monitoring (EM) and Global Positioning -- Driver's License Notation -- Electronic Devices and Internet Use are Prohibited -- Conditions of Supervision for Juvenile Offenders -- Strategies for a Successful Reentry -- Sex Offender Reentry Courts -- Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) -- Families as Informed Supervisors and Family Reunification for Youthful Offenders -- Concluding Thoughts -- References -- Further Reading -- A Family Systems Perspective in Prisoner Reentry -- Introduction -- Families as Dynamic Systems.
The Family System Is Greater than the Sum of Its Parts -- Family Functions -- Change in Any Part of the Family System Affects the Entire Family -- Homeostasis and Equilibrium -- Internal and External Sources of Change -- Normative and Paranormative Events -- Concomitant Events -- Adaptability -- Subsystems Are Embedded in the Larger Family System -- Reentry Implications of Incarceration Effects on the Couple Subsystem -- Reentry Implications of Incarceration Effects on the Parent-Child Subsystem -- Before Incarceration -- During Incarceration -- Reentry Following Incarceration -- Preparation for Reentry -- The Childcare Opinions Questionnaire (COQ) Study -- Role Theory Applied to Family Systems -- Role Problems -- Family Systems Operate Within a Larger System Context -- Prisoner Visitation -- The Ohio Prisoner Visitation Study -- Visitation as a Family Experience -- Non-visitation -- Meeting Families' Reintegration Needs -- Reintegration Stress -- Exceptional Needs, Exceptional Family Demands -- Project RISE -- Housing and Economic Needs -- Housing Results from Project RISE -- Physical Health -- Physical Health Care Results from Project RISE -- Mental Health and Addiction -- Mental Health and Addiction Service Results from Project RISE -- Implications for Practice, Policy, and Future Research -- References -- Root & Rebound: An Innovative Program Paints the Reentry Landscape -- Background -- Prisoner Reentry: A Key Component of and Challenge to Decarceration -- Reducing Recidivism and Aiding Decarceration: Policies and Programs for Successful Reentry -- Reentry Programs and Services -- Root & Rebound: The Program -- Root & Rebound's Model -- Root & Rebound's Current Size and Scope -- Root & Rebound's Accomplishments and Challenges to Date -- Practitioner Reflections: The Facilitators and Barriers to Successful Reentry Programming -- Conclusion.
References -- What Works in Reentry and How to Improve Outcomes -- Introduction -- The Emergence of the Reentry Phenomenon -- The State of Corrections in 1999-2000 -- Coining the Term "Reentry" -- The Reentry Movement -- Diversity of Reentry Programs -- Reentry Employment Programs -- Reentry Housing and Homelessness Programs -- Reentry Substance Abuse Programs -- Reentry Mental Health Programs -- Reentry Violent Offender Programs -- Reentry Programs for Female Offenders -- Reentry Courts -- Halfway Houses -- Reentry Programs and the Shift Toward the Service Model -- Evidence-Based Practices and the RNR Model -- Risk, Need, and Responsivity Framework -- Risk Principle -- Need Principle -- Responsivity Principle -- Research on Reentry Programs -- Research on Substance Abuse Programs -- Research on Mental Health Programs -- Research on Employment Programs -- Evaluations of Reentry Courts -- Evaluations of Halfway Houses -- The SVORI Evaluation -- Comprehensive Reviews of Reentry Research -- Designing and Implementing Evidence-Based Reentry Programs -- Program Development -- Assessment -- Changing Offender Behavior -- Effective Community Supervision Practices -- Fidelity -- Shortcomings and Barriers to Change -- Lack of Leadership -- Lack of Support from Supervisors -- Staff -- Assessment -- Programming -- Program Quality -- Ten Suggestions for Overcoming Obstacles -- Conclusions -- References -- Can Released Prisoners "Make It"? Examining Formerly Incarcerated Persons' Belief in Upward Mobility and the "American Dream" -- Introduction -- Literature Review -- The American Dream and Upward Mobility -- Beliefs/Attitudes About Achieving the American Dream -- The Myth of Meritocracy and the American Dream -- Behavioral Responses for the Belief in the American Dream.
Formerly Incarcerated Persons' Beliefs about the Ability to "Go Straight" and Achieve the American Dream -- Factors Potentially Related to Believing in the American Dream -- Race/Ethnicity -- Sex -- Social Bonds -- Stigma and Discrimination -- Normalization of Incarceration Experience in Neighborhood -- Perceived Unjustness and Unfairness of the Criminal Justice System -- Group Identification -- Psychological Well-Being and Behavioral Outcomes -- Study Objectives -- Methods -- Sample and Data Collection -- Analytical Strategy -- Measures -- The American Dream -- Demographic and Background Characteristics -- Normalization of the Prison Experience -- Education and Employment -- Criminal History -- Religious/Spiritual Beliefs and Remorse -- Group Identification -- Illegitimacy of the Criminal Justice System -- Personal Stigma -- Psychological Well-Being and Behavioral Outcomes -- Results -- Descriptive Statistics -- The American Dream -- Explaining the Belief in the American Dream -- Relationship Between Believing in the American Dream and Psychological and Behavioral Outcomes -- Discussion -- Implications of Formerly Incarcerated Persons' Modes of Adaptation to the American Dream -- Limitations -- Conclusion -- References -- Further Reading -- Employment Isn't Enough: Financial Obstacles Experienced by Ex-prisoners During the Reentry Process -- Literature Review -- Method -- Findings -- Seeking Employment -- Family Networks and Employment -- Friend Networks and Employment -- Employment Isn't Enough: Additional Financial Obligations -- Parole Success -- Parole Failure -- Discussion -- Conclusion -- Declaration of Conflicting Interests -- Funding -- References -- Epilogue -- References -- Index.
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Intro -- Prisoner Reentry -- Acknowledgments -- Contents -- List of Tables -- Introduction -- References -- Unique Challenges of Reentry for Convicted Sex Offenders -- Introduction -- Out-of-Home Placement -- Societal Misrepresentations -- Offender Specific Laws and Policies -- Civil Commitment Laws -- Sexual Offender Registration and Community Notification -- Residence Restrictions -- Chemical Castration -- Collateral Consequences of Sex Offending -- Sex Offender Expectations and Accounts of Reentry -- Housing Restrictions and Unavailability -- Employment and Financial Concerns -- Psychological Consequences -- Social Consequences -- Social Disorganization -- Harassment, Threats, and Vigilantism -- Maintaining Family Ties and Relationships with Significant Others -- Secondary Consequences for Family Members -- Establishing Friendships and Dating Relations -- Community Supervision and Monitoring of Sex Offenders -- Models of Community Supervision -- The Containment Model -- The Comprehensive Approach -- Specialized Caseloads -- Risk Assessment -- Specialized Treatment -- Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment -- Risk-Need Model -- The Good Lives Model -- The Risk-Need and Good Lives Models -- Conditions of Supervision and Contacts with Supervising Agents -- Post-Conviction Polygraph (PCSCOT) -- Electronic Monitoring (EM) and Global Positioning -- Driver's License Notation -- Electronic Devices and Internet Use are Prohibited -- Conditions of Supervision for Juvenile Offenders -- Strategies for a Successful Reentry -- Sex Offender Reentry Courts -- Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) -- Families as Informed Supervisors and Family Reunification for Youthful Offenders -- Concluding Thoughts -- References -- Further Reading -- A Family Systems Perspective in Prisoner Reentry -- Introduction -- Families as Dynamic Systems.

The Family System Is Greater than the Sum of Its Parts -- Family Functions -- Change in Any Part of the Family System Affects the Entire Family -- Homeostasis and Equilibrium -- Internal and External Sources of Change -- Normative and Paranormative Events -- Concomitant Events -- Adaptability -- Subsystems Are Embedded in the Larger Family System -- Reentry Implications of Incarceration Effects on the Couple Subsystem -- Reentry Implications of Incarceration Effects on the Parent-Child Subsystem -- Before Incarceration -- During Incarceration -- Reentry Following Incarceration -- Preparation for Reentry -- The Childcare Opinions Questionnaire (COQ) Study -- Role Theory Applied to Family Systems -- Role Problems -- Family Systems Operate Within a Larger System Context -- Prisoner Visitation -- The Ohio Prisoner Visitation Study -- Visitation as a Family Experience -- Non-visitation -- Meeting Families' Reintegration Needs -- Reintegration Stress -- Exceptional Needs, Exceptional Family Demands -- Project RISE -- Housing and Economic Needs -- Housing Results from Project RISE -- Physical Health -- Physical Health Care Results from Project RISE -- Mental Health and Addiction -- Mental Health and Addiction Service Results from Project RISE -- Implications for Practice, Policy, and Future Research -- References -- Root & Rebound: An Innovative Program Paints the Reentry Landscape -- Background -- Prisoner Reentry: A Key Component of and Challenge to Decarceration -- Reducing Recidivism and Aiding Decarceration: Policies and Programs for Successful Reentry -- Reentry Programs and Services -- Root & Rebound: The Program -- Root & Rebound's Model -- Root & Rebound's Current Size and Scope -- Root & Rebound's Accomplishments and Challenges to Date -- Practitioner Reflections: The Facilitators and Barriers to Successful Reentry Programming -- Conclusion.

References -- What Works in Reentry and How to Improve Outcomes -- Introduction -- The Emergence of the Reentry Phenomenon -- The State of Corrections in 1999-2000 -- Coining the Term "Reentry" -- The Reentry Movement -- Diversity of Reentry Programs -- Reentry Employment Programs -- Reentry Housing and Homelessness Programs -- Reentry Substance Abuse Programs -- Reentry Mental Health Programs -- Reentry Violent Offender Programs -- Reentry Programs for Female Offenders -- Reentry Courts -- Halfway Houses -- Reentry Programs and the Shift Toward the Service Model -- Evidence-Based Practices and the RNR Model -- Risk, Need, and Responsivity Framework -- Risk Principle -- Need Principle -- Responsivity Principle -- Research on Reentry Programs -- Research on Substance Abuse Programs -- Research on Mental Health Programs -- Research on Employment Programs -- Evaluations of Reentry Courts -- Evaluations of Halfway Houses -- The SVORI Evaluation -- Comprehensive Reviews of Reentry Research -- Designing and Implementing Evidence-Based Reentry Programs -- Program Development -- Assessment -- Changing Offender Behavior -- Effective Community Supervision Practices -- Fidelity -- Shortcomings and Barriers to Change -- Lack of Leadership -- Lack of Support from Supervisors -- Staff -- Assessment -- Programming -- Program Quality -- Ten Suggestions for Overcoming Obstacles -- Conclusions -- References -- Can Released Prisoners "Make It"? Examining Formerly Incarcerated Persons' Belief in Upward Mobility and the "American Dream" -- Introduction -- Literature Review -- The American Dream and Upward Mobility -- Beliefs/Attitudes About Achieving the American Dream -- The Myth of Meritocracy and the American Dream -- Behavioral Responses for the Belief in the American Dream.

Formerly Incarcerated Persons' Beliefs about the Ability to "Go Straight" and Achieve the American Dream -- Factors Potentially Related to Believing in the American Dream -- Race/Ethnicity -- Sex -- Social Bonds -- Stigma and Discrimination -- Normalization of Incarceration Experience in Neighborhood -- Perceived Unjustness and Unfairness of the Criminal Justice System -- Group Identification -- Psychological Well-Being and Behavioral Outcomes -- Study Objectives -- Methods -- Sample and Data Collection -- Analytical Strategy -- Measures -- The American Dream -- Demographic and Background Characteristics -- Normalization of the Prison Experience -- Education and Employment -- Criminal History -- Religious/Spiritual Beliefs and Remorse -- Group Identification -- Illegitimacy of the Criminal Justice System -- Personal Stigma -- Psychological Well-Being and Behavioral Outcomes -- Results -- Descriptive Statistics -- The American Dream -- Explaining the Belief in the American Dream -- Relationship Between Believing in the American Dream and Psychological and Behavioral Outcomes -- Discussion -- Implications of Formerly Incarcerated Persons' Modes of Adaptation to the American Dream -- Limitations -- Conclusion -- References -- Further Reading -- Employment Isn't Enough: Financial Obstacles Experienced by Ex-prisoners During the Reentry Process -- Literature Review -- Method -- Findings -- Seeking Employment -- Family Networks and Employment -- Friend Networks and Employment -- Employment Isn't Enough: Additional Financial Obligations -- Parole Success -- Parole Failure -- Discussion -- Conclusion -- Declaration of Conflicting Interests -- Funding -- References -- Epilogue -- References -- Index.

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Author notes provided by Syndetics

Stan Stojkovic is Dean and Professor of Criminal Justice in the Helen Bader School of Social Welfare at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA. He has been studying correctional practices for over 30 years and has worked with numerous police and correctional agencies across the country as well as with the United Nations addressing the topic of effective prison leadership.

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