Eco-Factories of the Future.

By: Thiede, SebastianContributor(s): Herrmann, ChristophMaterial type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on DemandSustainable Production, Life Cycle Engineering and Management Ser: Publisher: Cham : Springer, 2018Copyright date: ©2019Description: 1 online resource (207 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783319937304Subject(s): Production management-Environmental aspects | Manufacturing processes-Environmental aspectsGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Eco-Factories of the FutureDDC classification: 658.5 LOC classification: TA1-2040Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Intro -- Series Editors' Foreword -- Preface -- Contents -- 1 Towards Eco-Factories of the Future -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Factories of the Future Framework -- 1.2.1 Symbiotic Flows and Urban Integration of the Factory -- 1.2.2 Adaptable Factory Elements -- 1.2.3 Production Cloud and Cyber-Physical Systems -- 1.2.4 Learning and Training Environments -- 1.3 Conclusion and Outlook -- References -- 2 Integrating Variable Renewable Electricity Supply into Manufacturing Systems -- 2.1 Decentralized Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy Sources -- 2.2 Large-Scale Electricity Storage for Grid Integration -- 2.3 Options for Integrating Decentralized Generation -- 2.3.1 Thermal Energy Storage and HVAC -- 2.3.2 Compressed Air -- 2.3.3 Electrochemical Storage -- 2.3.4 Embodied Energy in Products -- 2.3.5 Supercapacitors, Flywheels, Superconducting Electromagnetic Fields -- 2.3.6 Intermediate Summary -- 2.4 Enabling, Improving and Evaluating Embodied Energy Storage in Manufacturing Systems -- 2.5 Example Case Study: Self-Sufficient Manufacturing System -- 2.5.1 Concept Description -- 2.5.2 Case Study Manufacturing System and Results -- 2.6 Discussion, Conclusion, and Outlook -- References -- 3 Development of a Sustainability Assessment Tool for Manufacturing Companies -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Literature Review-Categorization of Sustainability Assessment Tools and Indicators -- 3.3 Methodology -- 3.3.1 Criteria of Sustainability Performance Indicators -- 3.3.2 Identifying and Grouping of Sustainability Performance Indicators -- 3.3.3 Judging of Sustainability Performance Indicators -- 3.3.4 Normalizing of Sustainability Performance Indicators -- 3.3.5 Weighting of Sustainability Performance Indicators -- 3.3.6 Calculating the Subindices and Composite Index -- 3.3.7 Framework of the Factory Sustainability Assessment Tool -- 3.4 Case Study.
3.4.1 Comparison of Different Manufacturing Companies -- 3.4.2 Assessment of a Manufacturing Company over Time -- 3.4.3 Results of the Case Study -- 3.5 Conclusion and Outlook -- References -- 4 Sustainability Assessment in Manufacturing and Target Setting in Highly Automated Production -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Approaches Towards Holistic Sustainability Assessment -- 4.3 Sustainability Aspects of Automated Production -- 4.4 Sustainability-Related Decision-Making in Highly Automated Car Manufacturing -- 4.5 Framework for Sustainability Assessment of Highly Automated Production -- 4.6 Conclusions -- References -- 5 Piloting Comprehensive Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvement in a European Rolling Stock Factory -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Approach Adopted -- 5.3 Pilot Case Selected and Motivation -- 5.4 Selection of Energy Efficiency Improving Measures -- 5.4.1 Energy Transparency and Management System -- 5.4.2 Production Planning -- 5.4.3 Evaluation of Process Energy -- 5.4.4 Process Energy from the Plant Perspective -- 5.4.5 Extension Towards Factory Planning -- 5.5 Conclusions -- References -- 6 Cyber-physical Approach for Integrated Energy and Maintenance Management -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Challenges by Introducing CPS into Brownfield -- 6.3 Concept Development -- 6.4 User Roles and Derivation of Information Requirements -- 6.5 Introducing Methods and Tools -- 6.5.1 Allocation of Specific Energy Demand as an Enabler -- 6.5.2 Dynamic Energy Value Stream Mapping -- 6.5.3 Integrated Energy and Maintenance Monitoring -- 6.5.4 Prognosis -- 6.6 Critical Review and Outlook -- References -- 7 Two Practical Approaches to Assess the Energy Demand of Production Machines -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Energy Efficiency of Production Machines -- 7.3 Barriers for Implementing Energy Efficiency Measures -- 7.4 Modelling the Energy Demand of Production Machines.
7.4.1 Theoretical Background -- 7.4.2 Quick Scan: Energy Efficiency for Machine Tools -- 7.4.3 Energetic Simulation of Production Machines -- 7.5 Summary and Outlook -- References -- 8 Analysis of Production Lines with Switch-Off/On Controlled Machines -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.1.1 Literature Review -- 8.1.2 Objectives and Contributions -- 8.2 Assumption -- 8.3 Control Policies -- 8.3.1 Special Cases -- 8.3.2 Energy Measures -- 8.4 Simulation Model -- 8.5 Optimization of Production Line with Buffer Information -- 8.5.1 Production Line Data -- 8.5.2 Numerical Experiments -- 8.6 Numerical Results -- 8.6.1 Case A: A Line with 3 Machines -- 8.6.2 Case B: A Line with 9 Machines -- 8.7 Unbalanced Lines -- 8.7.1 Case C -- 8.7.2 Case D -- 8.8 Remarks and Outlook -- References -- 9 Approach for Achieving Transparency in the Use of Compressed Air in Manufacturing as a Basis for Systematic Energy Saving -- 9.1 Introduction and Scope -- 9.2 State of the Art in Energy Auditing in the Field of Compressed Air -- 9.3 Approach -- 9.3.1 Identification of Energy Wastes -- 9.3.2 Compressed Air Generation -- 9.3.3 Compressed Air Preparation -- 9.3.4 Compressed Air Distribution -- 9.3.5 Compressed Air Utilization -- 9.4 Improvement Strategies -- 9.4.1 Compressed Air Generation -- 9.4.2 Compressed Air Preparation -- 9.4.3 Compressed Air Distribution -- 9.4.4 Compressed Air Application -- 9.5 Implementing Measures -- 9.5.1 Optimization of Parameters in Compressed Air Generation and Preparation -- 9.5.2 Leakage Management System -- 9.5.3 Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Systems for Application -- 9.5.4 Improvement of Existing Machinery -- 9.5.5 Engineering of New Machinery -- 9.6 Verification and Sustaining -- 9.6.1 Verification -- 9.6.2 Sustaining -- 9.7 Application -- 9.7.1 Supporting Technology Decision in Engineering of Actuation Systems in Automotive Industries.
9.7.2 Creating Energy Transparency on Machine Level -- 9.7.3 Intelligent Machine Monitoring in Rail Industry -- 9.7.4 Supported Technology Decision for Actuation Systems in Automotive Industry -- 9.8 Results and Outlook -- References.
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Intro -- Series Editors' Foreword -- Preface -- Contents -- 1 Towards Eco-Factories of the Future -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Factories of the Future Framework -- 1.2.1 Symbiotic Flows and Urban Integration of the Factory -- 1.2.2 Adaptable Factory Elements -- 1.2.3 Production Cloud and Cyber-Physical Systems -- 1.2.4 Learning and Training Environments -- 1.3 Conclusion and Outlook -- References -- 2 Integrating Variable Renewable Electricity Supply into Manufacturing Systems -- 2.1 Decentralized Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy Sources -- 2.2 Large-Scale Electricity Storage for Grid Integration -- 2.3 Options for Integrating Decentralized Generation -- 2.3.1 Thermal Energy Storage and HVAC -- 2.3.2 Compressed Air -- 2.3.3 Electrochemical Storage -- 2.3.4 Embodied Energy in Products -- 2.3.5 Supercapacitors, Flywheels, Superconducting Electromagnetic Fields -- 2.3.6 Intermediate Summary -- 2.4 Enabling, Improving and Evaluating Embodied Energy Storage in Manufacturing Systems -- 2.5 Example Case Study: Self-Sufficient Manufacturing System -- 2.5.1 Concept Description -- 2.5.2 Case Study Manufacturing System and Results -- 2.6 Discussion, Conclusion, and Outlook -- References -- 3 Development of a Sustainability Assessment Tool for Manufacturing Companies -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Literature Review-Categorization of Sustainability Assessment Tools and Indicators -- 3.3 Methodology -- 3.3.1 Criteria of Sustainability Performance Indicators -- 3.3.2 Identifying and Grouping of Sustainability Performance Indicators -- 3.3.3 Judging of Sustainability Performance Indicators -- 3.3.4 Normalizing of Sustainability Performance Indicators -- 3.3.5 Weighting of Sustainability Performance Indicators -- 3.3.6 Calculating the Subindices and Composite Index -- 3.3.7 Framework of the Factory Sustainability Assessment Tool -- 3.4 Case Study.

3.4.1 Comparison of Different Manufacturing Companies -- 3.4.2 Assessment of a Manufacturing Company over Time -- 3.4.3 Results of the Case Study -- 3.5 Conclusion and Outlook -- References -- 4 Sustainability Assessment in Manufacturing and Target Setting in Highly Automated Production -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Approaches Towards Holistic Sustainability Assessment -- 4.3 Sustainability Aspects of Automated Production -- 4.4 Sustainability-Related Decision-Making in Highly Automated Car Manufacturing -- 4.5 Framework for Sustainability Assessment of Highly Automated Production -- 4.6 Conclusions -- References -- 5 Piloting Comprehensive Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvement in a European Rolling Stock Factory -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Approach Adopted -- 5.3 Pilot Case Selected and Motivation -- 5.4 Selection of Energy Efficiency Improving Measures -- 5.4.1 Energy Transparency and Management System -- 5.4.2 Production Planning -- 5.4.3 Evaluation of Process Energy -- 5.4.4 Process Energy from the Plant Perspective -- 5.4.5 Extension Towards Factory Planning -- 5.5 Conclusions -- References -- 6 Cyber-physical Approach for Integrated Energy and Maintenance Management -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Challenges by Introducing CPS into Brownfield -- 6.3 Concept Development -- 6.4 User Roles and Derivation of Information Requirements -- 6.5 Introducing Methods and Tools -- 6.5.1 Allocation of Specific Energy Demand as an Enabler -- 6.5.2 Dynamic Energy Value Stream Mapping -- 6.5.3 Integrated Energy and Maintenance Monitoring -- 6.5.4 Prognosis -- 6.6 Critical Review and Outlook -- References -- 7 Two Practical Approaches to Assess the Energy Demand of Production Machines -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Energy Efficiency of Production Machines -- 7.3 Barriers for Implementing Energy Efficiency Measures -- 7.4 Modelling the Energy Demand of Production Machines.

7.4.1 Theoretical Background -- 7.4.2 Quick Scan: Energy Efficiency for Machine Tools -- 7.4.3 Energetic Simulation of Production Machines -- 7.5 Summary and Outlook -- References -- 8 Analysis of Production Lines with Switch-Off/On Controlled Machines -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.1.1 Literature Review -- 8.1.2 Objectives and Contributions -- 8.2 Assumption -- 8.3 Control Policies -- 8.3.1 Special Cases -- 8.3.2 Energy Measures -- 8.4 Simulation Model -- 8.5 Optimization of Production Line with Buffer Information -- 8.5.1 Production Line Data -- 8.5.2 Numerical Experiments -- 8.6 Numerical Results -- 8.6.1 Case A: A Line with 3 Machines -- 8.6.2 Case B: A Line with 9 Machines -- 8.7 Unbalanced Lines -- 8.7.1 Case C -- 8.7.2 Case D -- 8.8 Remarks and Outlook -- References -- 9 Approach for Achieving Transparency in the Use of Compressed Air in Manufacturing as a Basis for Systematic Energy Saving -- 9.1 Introduction and Scope -- 9.2 State of the Art in Energy Auditing in the Field of Compressed Air -- 9.3 Approach -- 9.3.1 Identification of Energy Wastes -- 9.3.2 Compressed Air Generation -- 9.3.3 Compressed Air Preparation -- 9.3.4 Compressed Air Distribution -- 9.3.5 Compressed Air Utilization -- 9.4 Improvement Strategies -- 9.4.1 Compressed Air Generation -- 9.4.2 Compressed Air Preparation -- 9.4.3 Compressed Air Distribution -- 9.4.4 Compressed Air Application -- 9.5 Implementing Measures -- 9.5.1 Optimization of Parameters in Compressed Air Generation and Preparation -- 9.5.2 Leakage Management System -- 9.5.3 Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Systems for Application -- 9.5.4 Improvement of Existing Machinery -- 9.5.5 Engineering of New Machinery -- 9.6 Verification and Sustaining -- 9.6.1 Verification -- 9.6.2 Sustaining -- 9.7 Application -- 9.7.1 Supporting Technology Decision in Engineering of Actuation Systems in Automotive Industries.

9.7.2 Creating Energy Transparency on Machine Level -- 9.7.3 Intelligent Machine Monitoring in Rail Industry -- 9.7.4 Supported Technology Decision for Actuation Systems in Automotive Industry -- 9.8 Results and Outlook -- References.

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