European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2018.

By: Bungenberg, MarcContributor(s): Krajewski, Markus | Tams, Christian J | Terhechte, Jörg Philipp | Ziegler, Andreas RMaterial type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on DemandEuropean Yearbook of International Economic Law Ser: Publisher: Cham : Springer International Publishing AG, 2019Copyright date: ©2019Description: 1 online resource (524 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783319977522Subject(s): Commercial law-EuropeGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2018DDC classification: 346.407 LOC classification: K1-7720Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Intro -- Editorial EYIEL 9 (2018) -- Contents -- Editors and Contributors -- Part I: Natural Resources Law -- The Role of Sustainable Development in Natural Resources Law -- 1 Introduction -- 2 What Is Natural Resources Law? -- 3 SD as a Political Objective -- 4 SD as a Concept of International Law -- 4.1 The Conceptual Content of SD -- 4.2 The Legal Effects of SD -- 4.3 The Legal Status of SD -- 4.3.1 The General Debate -- 4.3.2 SD as a Principle of International Law? -- 4.4 SD as Regulatory Objective -- 4.4.1 The Typical Evolution from Political to Regulatory Objective -- 4.4.2 Law as an Instrument Fostering the Development of Society -- 4.4.3 SD as Regulatory Objective in Treaty Regimes -- 4.4.4 SD as Regulatory Objective Outside Treaty Regimes -- 4.5 SD as the Overall Object and Purpose of NRL -- 5 Conclusions -- References -- Chinese Natural Resources Disputes: A Never-Ending Story? -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Driving Factors Behind Chinese Natural Resources Disputes -- 2.1 Pervasiveness of China´s Regime on Export Restrictions -- 2.2 Criticality of Targeted Raw Materials -- 2.3 Magnitude of the Economic Effects of China´s Export Restrictions -- 3 China-Specific WTO Obligations on the Export Side -- 3.1 China´s WTO Obligations on the Use of Export Duties -- 3.2 China´s WTO Obligations on the Use of Export Quantitative Restrictions -- 4 Assessing China´s Regulatory Autonomy to Impose (Mineral) Export Restraints -- 4.1 Regulatory Autonomy to Impose Export Duties -- 4.2 Regulatory Autonomy to Impose Export Quotas -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Energy and Fossil Fuels as a Topic of WTO Accession Protocols -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Accession to the GATT and the WTO -- 3 Energy and Fossil Fuels in WTO Accession Protocols -- 3.1 Status of Raw Materials in Trade Law -- 3.2 WTO Accession Protocols -- 4 Energy in Accession Protocols 1996-2015.
4.1 Ecuador (1996) -- 4.2 Oman (2000) -- 4.3 China (2001) -- 4.4 Saudi Arabia (2005) -- 4.5 Ukraine (2008) -- 4.6 Russia (2012) -- 4.7 Kazakhstan (2015) -- 5 Concluding Remarks on WTO Accession Protocols and Energy -- References -- All that Glitters: Conflict Diamonds, Dirty Gold and the WTO Legal Framework on Trade and Human Rights -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Conflict Minerals or Minerals from Conflict-Affected Areas: From Regulating Products to Regulating Supply Chains -- 3 Kimberley Process Certification Scheme -- 3.1 The Kimberley Process -- 3.2 The Kimberley System -- 3.3 The Weaknesses -- 3.4 Regulation of Conflict Gold -- 3.5 US Law on Trade in Conflict Minerals -- 3.6 OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas -- 3.7 European Union Regulation on Trade in Minerals and Metals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas -- 4 Regulation of Supply Chains and WTO Law -- 4.1 WTO Principles -- 4.2 Market Access Restrictions -- 4.2.1 The Prohibition on Quantitative Restrictions -- 4.2.2 Non-discrimination -- 4.2.3 Technical Barriers to Trade -- 4.3 The WTO Conformity of Regulation of Supply Chains -- 4.3.1 Kimberley Process Certification Scheme -- 4.3.2 Potential Solutions to WTO Violations -- 4.4 The Path Taken -- 5 Regulating Dirty Gold: International Attempts to Rid the Gold Supply Chains of Human Rights Abuses -- 5.1 Other Standards -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- Beyond Antagonism: Legal Protection of Foreign Investment in the Natural Resources Sector -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Definition of Natural Resources -- 3 Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources -- 4 Sustainable Development -- 5 Regulatory Powers -- 6 Protection of the Environment -- 7 Human Rights and Corporate Responsibility -- 8 Good Governance -- 9 Conclusion -- References.
Reconsidering Sovereignty, Ownership and Consent in Natural Resource Contracts: From Concepts to Practice -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The Foundations of Natural Resource Contracts -- 2.1 Sovereignty -- 2.2 Ownership -- 2.3 Consent -- 3 From Concepts to Practice: Illustrative Issues -- 3.1 Investor-State Contracts -- 3.2 Community-Investor and Multi-Actor Contracts -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- Fracking, Sovereignty over Natural Resources and International Investment Law -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Shale Gas: Boom, Bust or Here to Stay? -- 2.1 Shale Gas Economics: State-of-Play -- 2.2 Domestic Regulation of Shale Gas in the US, Canada and the EU (and Its MS) -- 3 Natural Resource Exploitation and International Law -- 3.1 UN General Assembly Declaration on Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources (1962) -- 3.2 Other Relevant Norms of International Law -- 4 Fracking and International Economic Law: More than Just Another Example of the Tension Between Trade/Investment Liberalizati... -- 4.1 Lone Pine Resources v Canada -- 4.1.1 Can Permits and Licenses Constitute an ``Investment´´ -- 4.1.2 The Revocation of the River Permit as Expropriation? -- 4.1.3 The Scope of the Minimum Standard of Treatment -- 4.1.4 Status of the Arbitration -- 4.2 The Changing Tide for Investment Arbitration Involving Natural Resources -- 4.2.1 Domestic Legislation on Sovereignty over Natural Resources: Tanzania -- 4.3 International Developments: The EU´s MIC Proposal and the CPTPP -- 4.3.1 The EU´s ICS and MIC -- 4.3.2 The CPTPP -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Towards a European Natural Resources Law? -- 1 A European Natural Resources Law: Consolidation or Emergence of a (New) Field of Union Law/Policy? -- 2 The EU in the Global Competition for Raw Materials -- 2.1 Raw Materials and Natural Resources Law -- 2.2 The Commodity Dependence of the EU in a Global Context.
2.3 Developments on the Global Commodity Market -- 2.4 The Legal Structure of the Global Commodity Market -- 3 Requirements of European Union Law -- 3.1 Legal Foundations -- 3.2 Natural Resources Law as an Independent Field of Law? -- 3.3 The Momentum of the Treaty of Lisbon -- 3.3.1 The Consolidation of the European Energy Policy -- 3.3.2 The Strengthening of the Foreign Policy Profile of the Union -- 3.3.3 The Extension of the Competences in the Common Commercial Policy -- 3.3.4 The Development of EU Environmental Law -- 4 Underlying Structures and Demarcation -- 4.1 Natural Resources Law in Between the Internal Market and Environmental Policy -- 4.2 The Objectives and Principles of a European Natural Resources Law -- 4.2.1 Security of Supply -- 4.2.2 Sustainability -- 4.2.3 Efficiency -- 4.2.4 The General Objectives and Principles of Union Law -- 4.3 European Natural Resources Law and National Law -- 4.4 European Natural Resources Law and International Law -- 5 The Framework of the European Raw Materials Initiative -- 5.1 The European Raw Materials Initiative -- 5.2 A European Raw Materials Governance -- 5.3 The Challenges for European Law -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- The EU Legal Framework on Trade in Timber and Timber Products: Recent Developments in the Implementation and Enforcement of th... -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The EU Regime on Timber (and Timber Products) Trade -- 2.1 The First Pillar: The FLEGT Action Plan (2003) and the FLEGT Regulation (2005) -- 2.2 The Second Pillar: The EU Timber Regulation (2010) -- 2.2.1 The Regulatory Framework of the Timber Regulation -- 2.2.2 The Commission´s Delegated and Implementing Regulations (2012) -- 2.2.3 The Commission´s Guidance Document for the Timber Regulation (2013, 2016).
2.3 The Role of the Timber Regulation Within the EU´s and International Anti-Illegal Logging Legislative Framework and Its Pos... -- 3 EUTR Implementing Practice 5 Years After Its Entry into Application: Where Do We Are? -- 4 Recent National EUTR Case Law: Signals of an Emerging `Due Diligence Jurisprudence´? -- 5 Concluding Remarks -- References -- The International Legal Regime Applicable to the Mineral Resources of the Deep Seabed -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Mineral Resources of the Deep Seabed -- 2.1 A Comparison of Natural Resource Rights Within Coastal State Maritime Zones and the Area -- 2.2 Mineral Resources of the Deep Seabed Beyond National Jurisdiction -- 2.3 Deep Seabed Mining for Rare Earth Elements -- 3 The UNCLOS Deep Seabed Mining Regime -- 3.1 Key Aspects of the Deep Seabed Mining Regime -- 3.2 The Licensing Process for Deep Seabed Mineral Exploration and Exploitation -- 3.3 The Current Extent of Deep Seabed Mining Activities -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- Natural Resources and the Arctic -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The International Legal Regime of the Arctic and Its Relevance to the Economic Use of Natural Resources -- 2.1 The International Legal Regime Applicable to the Arctic´s Land and Maritime Spaces -- 2.2 The Arctic Council -- 3 An Overview of the Economic Use of Natural Resources in the Arctic -- 3.1 Introductory Elements -- 3.2 Fishing -- 3.3 Oil and Natural Gas -- 4 Outlook of Natural Resources Law and the Arctic -- References -- Mining in Outer Space: Legal Aspects -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Legal Issues -- 3 International Legal Framework -- 3.1 Principle of Non-appropriation -- 3.2 The Environmental Perspective -- 3.2.1 General Character of the Rules -- 3.2.2 Applied to Space Mining -- 3.2.3 Environmental Protection According to the Moon Agreement -- 3.2.4 COSPAR Planetary Protection Policy.
3.3 Outer Space as ``Province of All Mankind´´.
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K1-7720 (Browse shelf) https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=5720195 Available EBC5720195

Intro -- Editorial EYIEL 9 (2018) -- Contents -- Editors and Contributors -- Part I: Natural Resources Law -- The Role of Sustainable Development in Natural Resources Law -- 1 Introduction -- 2 What Is Natural Resources Law? -- 3 SD as a Political Objective -- 4 SD as a Concept of International Law -- 4.1 The Conceptual Content of SD -- 4.2 The Legal Effects of SD -- 4.3 The Legal Status of SD -- 4.3.1 The General Debate -- 4.3.2 SD as a Principle of International Law? -- 4.4 SD as Regulatory Objective -- 4.4.1 The Typical Evolution from Political to Regulatory Objective -- 4.4.2 Law as an Instrument Fostering the Development of Society -- 4.4.3 SD as Regulatory Objective in Treaty Regimes -- 4.4.4 SD as Regulatory Objective Outside Treaty Regimes -- 4.5 SD as the Overall Object and Purpose of NRL -- 5 Conclusions -- References -- Chinese Natural Resources Disputes: A Never-Ending Story? -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Driving Factors Behind Chinese Natural Resources Disputes -- 2.1 Pervasiveness of China´s Regime on Export Restrictions -- 2.2 Criticality of Targeted Raw Materials -- 2.3 Magnitude of the Economic Effects of China´s Export Restrictions -- 3 China-Specific WTO Obligations on the Export Side -- 3.1 China´s WTO Obligations on the Use of Export Duties -- 3.2 China´s WTO Obligations on the Use of Export Quantitative Restrictions -- 4 Assessing China´s Regulatory Autonomy to Impose (Mineral) Export Restraints -- 4.1 Regulatory Autonomy to Impose Export Duties -- 4.2 Regulatory Autonomy to Impose Export Quotas -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Energy and Fossil Fuels as a Topic of WTO Accession Protocols -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Accession to the GATT and the WTO -- 3 Energy and Fossil Fuels in WTO Accession Protocols -- 3.1 Status of Raw Materials in Trade Law -- 3.2 WTO Accession Protocols -- 4 Energy in Accession Protocols 1996-2015.

4.1 Ecuador (1996) -- 4.2 Oman (2000) -- 4.3 China (2001) -- 4.4 Saudi Arabia (2005) -- 4.5 Ukraine (2008) -- 4.6 Russia (2012) -- 4.7 Kazakhstan (2015) -- 5 Concluding Remarks on WTO Accession Protocols and Energy -- References -- All that Glitters: Conflict Diamonds, Dirty Gold and the WTO Legal Framework on Trade and Human Rights -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Conflict Minerals or Minerals from Conflict-Affected Areas: From Regulating Products to Regulating Supply Chains -- 3 Kimberley Process Certification Scheme -- 3.1 The Kimberley Process -- 3.2 The Kimberley System -- 3.3 The Weaknesses -- 3.4 Regulation of Conflict Gold -- 3.5 US Law on Trade in Conflict Minerals -- 3.6 OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas -- 3.7 European Union Regulation on Trade in Minerals and Metals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas -- 4 Regulation of Supply Chains and WTO Law -- 4.1 WTO Principles -- 4.2 Market Access Restrictions -- 4.2.1 The Prohibition on Quantitative Restrictions -- 4.2.2 Non-discrimination -- 4.2.3 Technical Barriers to Trade -- 4.3 The WTO Conformity of Regulation of Supply Chains -- 4.3.1 Kimberley Process Certification Scheme -- 4.3.2 Potential Solutions to WTO Violations -- 4.4 The Path Taken -- 5 Regulating Dirty Gold: International Attempts to Rid the Gold Supply Chains of Human Rights Abuses -- 5.1 Other Standards -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- Beyond Antagonism: Legal Protection of Foreign Investment in the Natural Resources Sector -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Definition of Natural Resources -- 3 Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources -- 4 Sustainable Development -- 5 Regulatory Powers -- 6 Protection of the Environment -- 7 Human Rights and Corporate Responsibility -- 8 Good Governance -- 9 Conclusion -- References.

Reconsidering Sovereignty, Ownership and Consent in Natural Resource Contracts: From Concepts to Practice -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The Foundations of Natural Resource Contracts -- 2.1 Sovereignty -- 2.2 Ownership -- 2.3 Consent -- 3 From Concepts to Practice: Illustrative Issues -- 3.1 Investor-State Contracts -- 3.2 Community-Investor and Multi-Actor Contracts -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- Fracking, Sovereignty over Natural Resources and International Investment Law -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Shale Gas: Boom, Bust or Here to Stay? -- 2.1 Shale Gas Economics: State-of-Play -- 2.2 Domestic Regulation of Shale Gas in the US, Canada and the EU (and Its MS) -- 3 Natural Resource Exploitation and International Law -- 3.1 UN General Assembly Declaration on Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources (1962) -- 3.2 Other Relevant Norms of International Law -- 4 Fracking and International Economic Law: More than Just Another Example of the Tension Between Trade/Investment Liberalizati... -- 4.1 Lone Pine Resources v Canada -- 4.1.1 Can Permits and Licenses Constitute an ``Investment´´ -- 4.1.2 The Revocation of the River Permit as Expropriation? -- 4.1.3 The Scope of the Minimum Standard of Treatment -- 4.1.4 Status of the Arbitration -- 4.2 The Changing Tide for Investment Arbitration Involving Natural Resources -- 4.2.1 Domestic Legislation on Sovereignty over Natural Resources: Tanzania -- 4.3 International Developments: The EU´s MIC Proposal and the CPTPP -- 4.3.1 The EU´s ICS and MIC -- 4.3.2 The CPTPP -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Towards a European Natural Resources Law? -- 1 A European Natural Resources Law: Consolidation or Emergence of a (New) Field of Union Law/Policy? -- 2 The EU in the Global Competition for Raw Materials -- 2.1 Raw Materials and Natural Resources Law -- 2.2 The Commodity Dependence of the EU in a Global Context.

2.3 Developments on the Global Commodity Market -- 2.4 The Legal Structure of the Global Commodity Market -- 3 Requirements of European Union Law -- 3.1 Legal Foundations -- 3.2 Natural Resources Law as an Independent Field of Law? -- 3.3 The Momentum of the Treaty of Lisbon -- 3.3.1 The Consolidation of the European Energy Policy -- 3.3.2 The Strengthening of the Foreign Policy Profile of the Union -- 3.3.3 The Extension of the Competences in the Common Commercial Policy -- 3.3.4 The Development of EU Environmental Law -- 4 Underlying Structures and Demarcation -- 4.1 Natural Resources Law in Between the Internal Market and Environmental Policy -- 4.2 The Objectives and Principles of a European Natural Resources Law -- 4.2.1 Security of Supply -- 4.2.2 Sustainability -- 4.2.3 Efficiency -- 4.2.4 The General Objectives and Principles of Union Law -- 4.3 European Natural Resources Law and National Law -- 4.4 European Natural Resources Law and International Law -- 5 The Framework of the European Raw Materials Initiative -- 5.1 The European Raw Materials Initiative -- 5.2 A European Raw Materials Governance -- 5.3 The Challenges for European Law -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- The EU Legal Framework on Trade in Timber and Timber Products: Recent Developments in the Implementation and Enforcement of th... -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The EU Regime on Timber (and Timber Products) Trade -- 2.1 The First Pillar: The FLEGT Action Plan (2003) and the FLEGT Regulation (2005) -- 2.2 The Second Pillar: The EU Timber Regulation (2010) -- 2.2.1 The Regulatory Framework of the Timber Regulation -- 2.2.2 The Commission´s Delegated and Implementing Regulations (2012) -- 2.2.3 The Commission´s Guidance Document for the Timber Regulation (2013, 2016).

2.3 The Role of the Timber Regulation Within the EU´s and International Anti-Illegal Logging Legislative Framework and Its Pos... -- 3 EUTR Implementing Practice 5 Years After Its Entry into Application: Where Do We Are? -- 4 Recent National EUTR Case Law: Signals of an Emerging `Due Diligence Jurisprudence´? -- 5 Concluding Remarks -- References -- The International Legal Regime Applicable to the Mineral Resources of the Deep Seabed -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Mineral Resources of the Deep Seabed -- 2.1 A Comparison of Natural Resource Rights Within Coastal State Maritime Zones and the Area -- 2.2 Mineral Resources of the Deep Seabed Beyond National Jurisdiction -- 2.3 Deep Seabed Mining for Rare Earth Elements -- 3 The UNCLOS Deep Seabed Mining Regime -- 3.1 Key Aspects of the Deep Seabed Mining Regime -- 3.2 The Licensing Process for Deep Seabed Mineral Exploration and Exploitation -- 3.3 The Current Extent of Deep Seabed Mining Activities -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- Natural Resources and the Arctic -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The International Legal Regime of the Arctic and Its Relevance to the Economic Use of Natural Resources -- 2.1 The International Legal Regime Applicable to the Arctic´s Land and Maritime Spaces -- 2.2 The Arctic Council -- 3 An Overview of the Economic Use of Natural Resources in the Arctic -- 3.1 Introductory Elements -- 3.2 Fishing -- 3.3 Oil and Natural Gas -- 4 Outlook of Natural Resources Law and the Arctic -- References -- Mining in Outer Space: Legal Aspects -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Legal Issues -- 3 International Legal Framework -- 3.1 Principle of Non-appropriation -- 3.2 The Environmental Perspective -- 3.2.1 General Character of the Rules -- 3.2.2 Applied to Space Mining -- 3.2.3 Environmental Protection According to the Moon Agreement -- 3.2.4 COSPAR Planetary Protection Policy.

3.3 Outer Space as ``Province of All Mankind´´.

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