Chinese Criminal Entrepreneurs in Canada, Volume II.

By: Chung, AlexMaterial type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on DemandTransnational Crime, Crime Control and Security Ser: Publisher: Cham : Palgrave Macmillan US, 2019Copyright date: ©2019Description: 1 online resource (350 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783030051358Subject(s): Gangs-Canada | Triads (Organized crime)-Canada | Criminals-ChinaGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Chinese Criminal Entrepreneurs in Canada, Volume IIDDC classification: 364.106089951071 LOC classification: HV6001-7220.5Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Intro -- Notes -- Contents -- Abbreviations and Acronyms -- List of Figures -- 1: Introduction -- 1.1 Enter the BCB -- 1.2 A Research Gap: Ethnic-Chinese Drug Traffickers in Western Countries -- 1.3 Aim and Objectives -- 1.4 Sources and Methodology -- 1.5 The Organisation of Volume II -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- 2: Theoretical Frameworks and Concepts -- 2.1 The Market Resilience Framework -- 2.1.1 The Main Hypothesis -- 2.2 The Network Perspective as a Tool to Study Crime -- 2.3 Transactional Theories: Managing Disputes, Relations, and Violence -- 2.4 The Relationship Strand of the Chinese Concept of Guanxi -- 2.5 The Collective Action Theory -- 2.6 Social Capital Within Entrepreneurship and Network Processes -- 2.6.1 Brokerage and Closure -- 2.6.2 Entrepreneurship, Brokerage Process, and Creative Innovation -- 2.6.3 Personality, Culture, Network Content, and Referral -- 2.7 The Importance of Trust -- 2.8 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Judicial Documents -- 3: Heroin 1: Market Resilience and BCB Network Evolution -- 3.1 Police High-Risk Attacks vis-à-vis Defensive Mechanisms -- 3.1.1 Historical Market Trend and BCB Cases -- 3.1.2 Project Bugs: September 1989-December 1990 -- 3.1.3 Project Dragon: January 1990-November 1990 -- 3.1.4 Project Edict: July 1992-March 1993 -- Project E-Roll: December 1994-March 1995 -- 3.1.5 Project Edition: May 1996-August 1996 -- 3.1.6 Conclusion -- 3.2 Network Structures During Projects Eider and E-Congee -- 3.2.1 Project Eider: January 1997-December 1998 -- 3.2.1.1 Network Analysis: Efficiency Versus Security Trade-off -- Phase One -- Phase Two -- 3.2.1.2 Chan Family Proceeds Movement -- 3.2.2 Project E-Congee: January 1999-September 2000 -- 3.2.2.1 Legitimate Strength in Criminal Network.
3.2.3 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- Judicial Documents -- News Reports -- 4: Heroin 2: BCB Competitive Cooperation -- 4.1 Domestic Distribution Strategy and the Credit System -- 4.2 Power (A)symmetry and Repeat Partnership Between Importer and Distributor -- 4.3 Importer Positioning: Spying and Competition via Investment -- 4.4 Summary -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Judicial Documents -- 5: Heroin 3: Ho and Sa's Importation Scheme -- 5.1 Project Initiation: Rebuilding Weak Ties -- 5.2 Value Chain 1: Shipping, Semi-Legitimate Work, and Insulation -- 5.3 Value Chain 2: Local Logistics, Shipment Security, and Heroin Preparation -- 5.4 Summary -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Judicial Documents -- 6: Heroin 4: Counteraction Against Police Attack -- 6.1 Changing Police Strategies: Remote Surveillance Approach and Low-Risk Attacks -- 6.2 Codes and Encryption Against Telephone Interception -- 6.3 Project Eider: Attack Response and Damage Control -- 6.4 Confidential Informant's Infiltration Attempt on Ho -- 6.5 Project E-Page: March 1997-June 1999 -- 6.6 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Judicial Documents -- 7: From Heroin to Ecstasy -- 7.1 The Canadian Heroin Drought and the Australian Connection -- 7.2 The Chans and Others -- 7.3 Lee and Others -- 7.4 Changing Circumstances in Southeast Asia: Heroin and ATS -- 7.5 Summary -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- Judicial Documents -- 8: Entering the Ecstasy Market -- 8.1 The Demand for Alternatives: Historical ATS Trends in Canada -- 8.2 Illegal Drugs Legislation -- 8.3 Project Initiation: Ho, Lee, and Tao -- 8.4 Value Chain 1: Shares, Roles, and Finding Supply.
8.5 Value Chain 2: Shipping Logistics -- 8.5.1 Transportation Expertise and Receiving Companies -- 8.5.2 Container Renovation and Goods -- 8.5.3 Product Expertise -- 8.6 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- Judicial Documents -- 9: Internal Management Methods -- 9.1 Wu Bao Kang: Business Debt and Distrust -- 9.2 Reputation as a Governing Mechanism -- 9.3 Explicit Trust: Personal Character, Managing Risks, and Non-Retribution -- 9.4 Appropriate Behaviour as a Sign of Trustworthiness (or to Avoid Distrust) -- 9.5 Reciprocating Favour and Work to Maintain Positive Relations -- 9.6 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Judicial Documents -- 10: The Wong Ecstasy Group -- 10.1 Wong Ze Wai's History in Canada -- 10.2 Overview of the Case: Project Okapi, June 2001-March 2004 -- 10.3 Actors and Division of Labour -- 10.3.1 Production -- 10.3.2 Distribution and Money Laundering -- 10.3.3 Financing and Debt Collection -- 10.4 Trafficking Strategy and Structure -- 10.4.1 Core Partnership Characteristic -- 10.4.2 Production-Driven Distribution -- 10.5 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- Judicial Documents -- News Reports -- 11: Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Appendices -- Appendix A -- Appendix B -- Personal Background of BCB and Important Associates -- Appendix C -- Project Eider, Telephone Transcript, 1998-12-08 -- Appendix D -- Structural and Operational Characteristics of Australian Drug Syndicates -- List of Respondents -- Personal Communication -- Formal Interviews -- Informal Discussions: Some Are Cited in the Book (R8-R11, R14, R16, and R22) -- All of the Participants Provided Major Assistance.
These Involved Communications or Meetings on Various Occasions and Are Listed by Fieldwork Chronology -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- Judicial Documents -- News Reports -- Index.
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Intro -- Notes -- Contents -- Abbreviations and Acronyms -- List of Figures -- 1: Introduction -- 1.1 Enter the BCB -- 1.2 A Research Gap: Ethnic-Chinese Drug Traffickers in Western Countries -- 1.3 Aim and Objectives -- 1.4 Sources and Methodology -- 1.5 The Organisation of Volume II -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- 2: Theoretical Frameworks and Concepts -- 2.1 The Market Resilience Framework -- 2.1.1 The Main Hypothesis -- 2.2 The Network Perspective as a Tool to Study Crime -- 2.3 Transactional Theories: Managing Disputes, Relations, and Violence -- 2.4 The Relationship Strand of the Chinese Concept of Guanxi -- 2.5 The Collective Action Theory -- 2.6 Social Capital Within Entrepreneurship and Network Processes -- 2.6.1 Brokerage and Closure -- 2.6.2 Entrepreneurship, Brokerage Process, and Creative Innovation -- 2.6.3 Personality, Culture, Network Content, and Referral -- 2.7 The Importance of Trust -- 2.8 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Judicial Documents -- 3: Heroin 1: Market Resilience and BCB Network Evolution -- 3.1 Police High-Risk Attacks vis-à-vis Defensive Mechanisms -- 3.1.1 Historical Market Trend and BCB Cases -- 3.1.2 Project Bugs: September 1989-December 1990 -- 3.1.3 Project Dragon: January 1990-November 1990 -- 3.1.4 Project Edict: July 1992-March 1993 -- Project E-Roll: December 1994-March 1995 -- 3.1.5 Project Edition: May 1996-August 1996 -- 3.1.6 Conclusion -- 3.2 Network Structures During Projects Eider and E-Congee -- 3.2.1 Project Eider: January 1997-December 1998 -- 3.2.1.1 Network Analysis: Efficiency Versus Security Trade-off -- Phase One -- Phase Two -- 3.2.1.2 Chan Family Proceeds Movement -- 3.2.2 Project E-Congee: January 1999-September 2000 -- 3.2.2.1 Legitimate Strength in Criminal Network.

3.2.3 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- Judicial Documents -- News Reports -- 4: Heroin 2: BCB Competitive Cooperation -- 4.1 Domestic Distribution Strategy and the Credit System -- 4.2 Power (A)symmetry and Repeat Partnership Between Importer and Distributor -- 4.3 Importer Positioning: Spying and Competition via Investment -- 4.4 Summary -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Judicial Documents -- 5: Heroin 3: Ho and Sa's Importation Scheme -- 5.1 Project Initiation: Rebuilding Weak Ties -- 5.2 Value Chain 1: Shipping, Semi-Legitimate Work, and Insulation -- 5.3 Value Chain 2: Local Logistics, Shipment Security, and Heroin Preparation -- 5.4 Summary -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Judicial Documents -- 6: Heroin 4: Counteraction Against Police Attack -- 6.1 Changing Police Strategies: Remote Surveillance Approach and Low-Risk Attacks -- 6.2 Codes and Encryption Against Telephone Interception -- 6.3 Project Eider: Attack Response and Damage Control -- 6.4 Confidential Informant's Infiltration Attempt on Ho -- 6.5 Project E-Page: March 1997-June 1999 -- 6.6 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Judicial Documents -- 7: From Heroin to Ecstasy -- 7.1 The Canadian Heroin Drought and the Australian Connection -- 7.2 The Chans and Others -- 7.3 Lee and Others -- 7.4 Changing Circumstances in Southeast Asia: Heroin and ATS -- 7.5 Summary -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- Judicial Documents -- 8: Entering the Ecstasy Market -- 8.1 The Demand for Alternatives: Historical ATS Trends in Canada -- 8.2 Illegal Drugs Legislation -- 8.3 Project Initiation: Ho, Lee, and Tao -- 8.4 Value Chain 1: Shares, Roles, and Finding Supply.

8.5 Value Chain 2: Shipping Logistics -- 8.5.1 Transportation Expertise and Receiving Companies -- 8.5.2 Container Renovation and Goods -- 8.5.3 Product Expertise -- 8.6 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- Judicial Documents -- 9: Internal Management Methods -- 9.1 Wu Bao Kang: Business Debt and Distrust -- 9.2 Reputation as a Governing Mechanism -- 9.3 Explicit Trust: Personal Character, Managing Risks, and Non-Retribution -- 9.4 Appropriate Behaviour as a Sign of Trustworthiness (or to Avoid Distrust) -- 9.5 Reciprocating Favour and Work to Maintain Positive Relations -- 9.6 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Judicial Documents -- 10: The Wong Ecstasy Group -- 10.1 Wong Ze Wai's History in Canada -- 10.2 Overview of the Case: Project Okapi, June 2001-March 2004 -- 10.3 Actors and Division of Labour -- 10.3.1 Production -- 10.3.2 Distribution and Money Laundering -- 10.3.3 Financing and Debt Collection -- 10.4 Trafficking Strategy and Structure -- 10.4.1 Core Partnership Characteristic -- 10.4.2 Production-Driven Distribution -- 10.5 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- Judicial Documents -- News Reports -- 11: Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Appendices -- Appendix A -- Appendix B -- Personal Background of BCB and Important Associates -- Appendix C -- Project Eider, Telephone Transcript, 1998-12-08 -- Appendix D -- Structural and Operational Characteristics of Australian Drug Syndicates -- List of Respondents -- Personal Communication -- Formal Interviews -- Informal Discussions: Some Are Cited in the Book (R8-R11, R14, R16, and R22) -- All of the Participants Provided Major Assistance.

These Involved Communications or Meetings on Various Occasions and Are Listed by Fieldwork Chronology -- Bibliography -- Academic Publications and Books -- Government and Official Publications -- Judicial Documents -- News Reports -- Index.

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