Against All Odds : Women's Ways to Mathematical Research Since 1800.

By: Kaufholz-Soldat, EvaContributor(s): Oswald, Nicola M. RMaterial type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on DemandWomen in the History of Philosophy and Sciences Ser: Publisher: Cham : Springer International Publishing AG, 2020Copyright date: ©2020Description: 1 online resource (331 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783030476106Subject(s): Women mathematicians-HistoryGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Against All OddsDDC classification: 510.9 LOC classification: B1-5802Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Intro -- Series Foreword -- Introduction -- References -- Prologue -- Contents -- Contributors -- Part IInstitutions -- 1 Internationality: Women in Felix Klein's Courses at the University of Göttingen (1893-1920) -- 1.1 Non-German Women Paving the Way in Germany -- 1.1.1 The First Female Members of the German Mathematical Society -- 1.1.2 Felix Klein and the First Women to Study at the University of Göttingen -- 1.2 Female Participants in Klein's Courses -- 1.3 Noteworthy Trends -- Bibliography -- 2 Academic Education for Women at the University of Würzburg, Bavaria -- 2.1 (Territorial) Background -- 2.2 First General Steps in Würzburg Taken by Foreign Female Academics, and Bavarian Women Following -- 2.3 The First Female Mathematicians -- 2.4 The Ministers of Cultural Affairs in Bavaria and Their Role in the History of Women's Education -- 2.5 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- 3 Women and Mathematics at the Universities in Prague -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 The First Women to Study at the Universities in Prague -- 3.3 Doctorates in Mathematics -- 3.3.1 The German University in Prague During the Years 1882-1945 -- 3.3.2 The Czech University in Prague During the Years 1882-1945 -- 3.3.3 Doctoral Degrees Awarded in Mathematics at Prague Universities: A Brief Comparison -- 3.3.4 Information on Doctorates Awarded at Charles University in Prague in the Years 1945-1953 -- 3.4 Information on Women's Doctorates Awarded in Prague Uring the Years 1900-1945 -- 3.4.1 Doctorates Awarded at the German University in Prague -- 3.4.2 Doctorates Awarded at Charles University in Prague -- 3.5 Comparison -- 3.6 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Part IICouples -- 4 Grace Chisholm Young, William Henry Young, Their Results on the Theory of Sets of Points at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century, and a Controversy with Max Dehn -- Bibliography.
5 Emma S. and Wladimir S. Woytinsky: An Unusual Couple in Statistics -- 5.1 Couples in Science -- 5.2 Emma S. and Wladimir S. Woytinsky: From Vitebsk and St. Petersburg to Washington, D. C -- 5.3 Emma S. and Wladimir S. Woytinsky-An Unusual Couple in Statistics -- Bibliography -- 6 Stanisława and Otton Nikodym -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Childhood and School Years -- 6.3 Studies and Life Before Marriage -- 6.3.1 Otton's Studies -- 6.3.2 Stanisława's Studies -- 6.3.3 Otton's Life up to 1924 -- 6.4 Common Life and Work During the Interwar Period -- 6.5 Emigration to the United States -- 6.6 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Part IIIApproaches -- 7 Arithmetic and Memorial Practices by and Around Sophie Germain in the 19th Century -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Biographical Elements of Germain: A Pioneer? -- 7.2.1 A Self-taught Mathematical Formation -- 7.2.2 First Exchanges with the Academic Community and Germain's Mathematical Work -- 7.3 Sophie Germain and Number Theory, 1800-1830: Results and Practices -- 7.3.1 A Panorama of Number Theory from the 1800s to the 1830s -- 7.3.2 Germain's Arithmetical Traces: Publications, Manuscripts and Correspondence -- 7.3.3 Epistolary Exchanges Between Two Mathematicians in Number Theory: Gauss and Germain (1804-1829) -- 7.3.4 Germain's Arithmetical Practices and Program: The Case of Fermat's Last Theorem -- 7.4 Germain's "Second Life": Some Appropriations of Germain's Life and Work After Her Death -- 7.4.1 Mathematical, Philosophical and Material Memories of Germain -- 7.4.2 Germain, a Woman Among Women in Mathematics and Science -- 7.4.3 Which Education for Women? Germain as an Argument to Develop or Restrain (Scientific) Teaching for Girls -- 7.4.4 The Question of Women Through the New Social Sciences: Germain as a (Counter-)Example -- 7.5 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- 8 Dorothy Wrinch, 1894-1976.
8.1 Meeting Dorothy Wrinch -- 8.2 From Rosario to London -- 8.3 From Logic to Birds' Tails -- 8.3.1 Scientific Method -- 8.3.2 Sponges and Asymptotic Expansions -- 8.3.3 Parenthood -- 8.3.4 On Growth and Form -- 8.4 From Electrostatics to Proteins -- 8.5 From Oxford to Smith -- 8.6 Working with Dorothy -- Bibliography -- 9 Living by Numbers: The Strategies and Life Stories of Mid-Twentieth Century Danish Women Mathematicians -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Methodological Reflections -- 9.3 Decades of Change -- 9.4 Childhood and School -- 9.5 University Students -- 9.6 Getting a Job: Career Tracks -- 9.7 Work-Life Balance -- 9.8 Research Careers: Pure and Applied, Mainstream, and Breaking New Ground -- 9.9 Concluding Remarks: "The Implicit Girl" and Rivalry -- Bibliography -- Part IVPerspectives -- 10 Hearsay, Not-So-Big Data and Choice: Understanding Science and Maths Through the Lives of Men Who Supported Women -- 10.1 Introduction: Betting on Numbers -- 10.2 On the Role of Values and Self in Science and Its History -- 10.3 A Snapshot of the Present and the Case of Women in Computer Science -- 10.4 Men Supporting Women in the Age of Science -- 10.5 Back to the Present: The Strange Case of Women in Maths in Italy -- 10.6 Attracting Boys and Girls to Maths and Science as Social Culture -- 10.7 Concluding Remarks: Women, from Hearsay to Obstacles in the Labour Market -- References -- Epilogue: Mathematics-Still a Male Domain? -- Bibliography.
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Intro -- Series Foreword -- Introduction -- References -- Prologue -- Contents -- Contributors -- Part IInstitutions -- 1 Internationality: Women in Felix Klein's Courses at the University of Göttingen (1893-1920) -- 1.1 Non-German Women Paving the Way in Germany -- 1.1.1 The First Female Members of the German Mathematical Society -- 1.1.2 Felix Klein and the First Women to Study at the University of Göttingen -- 1.2 Female Participants in Klein's Courses -- 1.3 Noteworthy Trends -- Bibliography -- 2 Academic Education for Women at the University of Würzburg, Bavaria -- 2.1 (Territorial) Background -- 2.2 First General Steps in Würzburg Taken by Foreign Female Academics, and Bavarian Women Following -- 2.3 The First Female Mathematicians -- 2.4 The Ministers of Cultural Affairs in Bavaria and Their Role in the History of Women's Education -- 2.5 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- 3 Women and Mathematics at the Universities in Prague -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 The First Women to Study at the Universities in Prague -- 3.3 Doctorates in Mathematics -- 3.3.1 The German University in Prague During the Years 1882-1945 -- 3.3.2 The Czech University in Prague During the Years 1882-1945 -- 3.3.3 Doctoral Degrees Awarded in Mathematics at Prague Universities: A Brief Comparison -- 3.3.4 Information on Doctorates Awarded at Charles University in Prague in the Years 1945-1953 -- 3.4 Information on Women's Doctorates Awarded in Prague Uring the Years 1900-1945 -- 3.4.1 Doctorates Awarded at the German University in Prague -- 3.4.2 Doctorates Awarded at Charles University in Prague -- 3.5 Comparison -- 3.6 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Part IICouples -- 4 Grace Chisholm Young, William Henry Young, Their Results on the Theory of Sets of Points at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century, and a Controversy with Max Dehn -- Bibliography.

5 Emma S. and Wladimir S. Woytinsky: An Unusual Couple in Statistics -- 5.1 Couples in Science -- 5.2 Emma S. and Wladimir S. Woytinsky: From Vitebsk and St. Petersburg to Washington, D. C -- 5.3 Emma S. and Wladimir S. Woytinsky-An Unusual Couple in Statistics -- Bibliography -- 6 Stanisława and Otton Nikodym -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Childhood and School Years -- 6.3 Studies and Life Before Marriage -- 6.3.1 Otton's Studies -- 6.3.2 Stanisława's Studies -- 6.3.3 Otton's Life up to 1924 -- 6.4 Common Life and Work During the Interwar Period -- 6.5 Emigration to the United States -- 6.6 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Part IIIApproaches -- 7 Arithmetic and Memorial Practices by and Around Sophie Germain in the 19th Century -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Biographical Elements of Germain: A Pioneer? -- 7.2.1 A Self-taught Mathematical Formation -- 7.2.2 First Exchanges with the Academic Community and Germain's Mathematical Work -- 7.3 Sophie Germain and Number Theory, 1800-1830: Results and Practices -- 7.3.1 A Panorama of Number Theory from the 1800s to the 1830s -- 7.3.2 Germain's Arithmetical Traces: Publications, Manuscripts and Correspondence -- 7.3.3 Epistolary Exchanges Between Two Mathematicians in Number Theory: Gauss and Germain (1804-1829) -- 7.3.4 Germain's Arithmetical Practices and Program: The Case of Fermat's Last Theorem -- 7.4 Germain's "Second Life": Some Appropriations of Germain's Life and Work After Her Death -- 7.4.1 Mathematical, Philosophical and Material Memories of Germain -- 7.4.2 Germain, a Woman Among Women in Mathematics and Science -- 7.4.3 Which Education for Women? Germain as an Argument to Develop or Restrain (Scientific) Teaching for Girls -- 7.4.4 The Question of Women Through the New Social Sciences: Germain as a (Counter-)Example -- 7.5 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- 8 Dorothy Wrinch, 1894-1976.

8.1 Meeting Dorothy Wrinch -- 8.2 From Rosario to London -- 8.3 From Logic to Birds' Tails -- 8.3.1 Scientific Method -- 8.3.2 Sponges and Asymptotic Expansions -- 8.3.3 Parenthood -- 8.3.4 On Growth and Form -- 8.4 From Electrostatics to Proteins -- 8.5 From Oxford to Smith -- 8.6 Working with Dorothy -- Bibliography -- 9 Living by Numbers: The Strategies and Life Stories of Mid-Twentieth Century Danish Women Mathematicians -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Methodological Reflections -- 9.3 Decades of Change -- 9.4 Childhood and School -- 9.5 University Students -- 9.6 Getting a Job: Career Tracks -- 9.7 Work-Life Balance -- 9.8 Research Careers: Pure and Applied, Mainstream, and Breaking New Ground -- 9.9 Concluding Remarks: "The Implicit Girl" and Rivalry -- Bibliography -- Part IVPerspectives -- 10 Hearsay, Not-So-Big Data and Choice: Understanding Science and Maths Through the Lives of Men Who Supported Women -- 10.1 Introduction: Betting on Numbers -- 10.2 On the Role of Values and Self in Science and Its History -- 10.3 A Snapshot of the Present and the Case of Women in Computer Science -- 10.4 Men Supporting Women in the Age of Science -- 10.5 Back to the Present: The Strange Case of Women in Maths in Italy -- 10.6 Attracting Boys and Girls to Maths and Science as Social Culture -- 10.7 Concluding Remarks: Women, from Hearsay to Obstacles in the Labour Market -- References -- Epilogue: Mathematics-Still a Male Domain? -- Bibliography.

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