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Black soldiers in Jim Crow Texas, 1899-1917 / Garna L. Christian.

By: Christian, Garna L.
Material type: TextTextSeries: Centennial series of the Association of Former Students, Texas A&M University: no. 57.Publisher: College Station : Texas A&M University Press, c1995Edition: 1st ed.Description: xvi, 223 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0890966370 (alk. paper); 9780890966372 (alk. paper).Subject(s): United States. Army -- African American troops -- History -- 20th century | United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 24th (1869-1951) | United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 25th | United States. Army. Cavalry, 9th | United States. Army. Cavalry, 10th | Race discrimination -- Texas -- History -- 20th century | Texas -- Race relationsDDC classification: 355/.008996073 LOC classification: UB418.A47 | C48 1995Summary: Chronicles the experiences of African-American soldiers serving in the United States Army in racially-segregated Texas from 1899 to 1914.
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Book University of Texas At Tyler
Stacks - 3rd Floor
UB418.A47 C48 1995 (Browse shelf) Available 0000001416783

Includes bibliographical references (p. 211-218) and index.

Chronicles the experiences of African-American soldiers serving in the United States Army in racially-segregated Texas from 1899 to 1914.

Reviews provided by Syndetics


The military experience of African Americans in Texas is the vehicle used by Christian in this examination of American race relations in that state. Employing numerous sources, including various military records, affidavits, and newspaper stories, the author unfolds several accounts of racial confrontation between whites, Hispanics, and black military men, from Texarkana in 1899 to the Camp Logan Rising at Houston in 1917. The uniform of the US Army did little to protect blacks from the virulent racism of white Texans and Hispanics. In addition, black soldiers received little sympathy from elected officials and the Army. In some cases the military sided with civilian accounts and acquiesced to political pressure, harshly punishing black soldiers, as in Brownsville, Texas, in 1906. As the author argues, the paradox is that the one institution where black men should have found some degree of independence could not dissociate itself from the racism of the society. Christian's work is also a story of a civil rights movement led by black men in uniform. As the author notes, black soldiers were active agents diligently fighting for their human dignity. Unfortunately, Christian gives the reader only a glimpse of the relationship between black troops and the black communities of Texas. Despite this blemish, this well-written and well-researched monograph is requisite reading for anyone interested in US race relations. General readers; undergraduates. C. Taylor Le Moyne College

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Garna L. Christian has written extensively on the black military units in Texas and on other aspects of Texas history and culture. He earned a bachelor's degree from Mexico City College, a master's from Texas Western College, and a doctorate in history from Texas Tech University. He is a professor of history at the University of Houston-Downtown.

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