Leading the race : the transformation of the Black elite in the nation's capital, 1880-1920 / Jacqueline M. Moore.

By: Moore, Jacqueline M, 1965-Material type: TextTextPublisher: Charlottesville : University Press of Virginia, 1999Description: xiii, 257 p. : ill. ; 25 cmISBN: 0813919037 (cloth : alk. paper); 9780813919034 (cloth : alk. paper)Subject(s): African Americans -- Washington (D.C.) -- Social conditions -- 19th century | African Americans -- Washington (D.C.) -- Social conditions -- 20th century | Elite (Social sciences) -- Washington (D.C.) -- History -- 19th century | Elite (Social sciences) -- Washington (D.C.) -- History -- 20th century | Washington (D.C.) -- Social conditions -- 19th century | Washington (D.C.) -- Social conditions -- 20th century | Washington (D.C.) -- Race relationsDDC classification: 305.8960753 LOC classification: E185.93.D6 | M66 1999Other classification: 15.85
Contents:
The Washington Black elite: an 1880s overview -- The family -- Culture and leisure -- The church -- Primary and secondary education -- Howard University and higher education -- Occupation and enterprise -- Charitable, professional, and fraternal organizations -- Race and racial uplift.
Review: "Historians of the African American experience after Reconstruction have tended to imply that the black elite served only their own interests, that their exclusive control of black institutions precluded efforts to improve the status of African Americans in general. In Leading the Race, Jacqueline M. Moore reevaluates the role of this black elite by examining how their self-interest interacted with the needs of the black community in Washington, D.C., the center of black society at the turn of the century."--BOOK JACKET.
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Book University of Texas At Tyler
Stacks - 3rd Floor
E185.93.D6 M66 1999 (Browse shelf) Available 0000001423037

Includes bibliographical references (p. 241-248) and index.

The Washington Black elite: an 1880s overview -- The family -- Culture and leisure -- The church -- Primary and secondary education -- Howard University and higher education -- Occupation and enterprise -- Charitable, professional, and fraternal organizations -- Race and racial uplift.

"Historians of the African American experience after Reconstruction have tended to imply that the black elite served only their own interests, that their exclusive control of black institutions precluded efforts to improve the status of African Americans in general. In Leading the Race, Jacqueline M. Moore reevaluates the role of this black elite by examining how their self-interest interacted with the needs of the black community in Washington, D.C., the center of black society at the turn of the century."--BOOK JACKET.

Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

Moore's book is an informative account of the black elite in Washington, DC. The author suggests black leadership in the city underwent a process of transformation between 1880 and 1920 that proceeded in three phases: assimilation, nonconfrontation, and open protest. During Reconstruction and in the 1880s, the black elite aspired toward the goal of assimilation with whites. It was obsessed with being seen as distinct from lower-class blacks, in order to be more acceptable. To maintain respectability, the black elite sought to distance itself from the masses. "Aristocratic" families secluded themselves from the lower classes, priding themselves on their free ancestry, both black and white, and white patronage. However, as segregation and disenfranchisement became entrenched and the District lost control over the public schools, the children of the "aristocracy" lost hope that assimilation would be possible in the foreseeable future. They perceived that white Americans made no distinction between educated "elite" and working-class blacks. To Southern congressmen trying to segregate the streetcars of Washington, all classes of blacks were "niggers." The black elite closed ranks with the masses and supported black institutions such as banks, fraternities, sororities, and Howard University. All levels. W. Glasker; Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Camden

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Jacqueline M. Moore is Assistant Professor of History at Austin College in Sherman, Texas.

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