Hitler's beneficiaries : plunder, racial war, and the Nazi welfare state / Götz Aly ; translated by Jefferson Chase.Material type: TextLanguage: English Original language: German Publisher: New York : Metropolitan, 2007Edition: 1st U.S. edDescription: viii, 431 p. : ill. ; 25 cmISBN: 0805079262; 9780805079265Uniform titles: Hitlers Volksstaat. English Subject(s): Germany -- Economic policy -- 1933-1945 | Germany -- Politics and government -- 1933-1945 | National socialism -- Philosophy | World War, 1939-1945 -- Destruction and pillage -- Europe | World War, 1939-1945 -- Economic aspects -- Switzerland | Jewish property -- Europe -- History -- 20th century | Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Economic aspectsDDC classification: 330.943/086 LOC classification: HC286.4 | .A613 2007Other classification: 15.70
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Includes bibliographical references (p. -416) and index.
Part I Political Opportunists in Action -- 1 The Dream of a Peopleʼs Empire -- 2 The Accommodating Dictatorship -- Part II Subjugation and Exploitation -- 3 With Unwavering Efficiency -- 4 Profits for the People -- 5 The Mainstay: Western Europe -- 6 Room for Expansion: Eastern Europe -- Part III The Dispossession of the Jews -- 7 Larceny as a State Principle -- 8 Laundering Money for the Wehrmacht -- 9 Subsidies to and from Germanyʼs Allies -- 10 The Trail of Gold -- Part IV Crimes for the Benefit of the People -- 11 The Fruits of Evil -- 12 Speculative Politics -- 13 Nazi Socialism -- A Note on Calculations -- Currency Exchange Rates.
In this groundbreaking book, distinguished historian Gotz Aly addresses one of modern history's greatest conundrums: How did Adolf Hitler win the allegiance of ordinary Germans for his program of mass murder and military conquest? The answer Aly provides is as shocking as it is persuasive. By engaging in a campaign of theft on an almost unimaginable scale, and by channeling the proceeds into a succession of generous social programs, Hitler literally bought the consent of the German people. Drawing on secret Nazi files and unexamined financial records, Aly shows that while Jews and citizens of occupied lands suffered crippling taxation, mass looting, enslavement, and destruction, most Germans enjoyed a marked improvement in their standard of living. He documents the many millions of packages soldiers sent from the front stuffed with valuables and provisions; the systematic plunder of conquered territory for raw materials, industrial goods, and food supplies; and the disappearance of Jewish property and fortunes into German homes and pockets across the Reich. Whatever moral qualms Germans may have felt toward Nazi policies were swept away by waves of government handouts, tax breaks, and preferential legislation.
Aly depicts a Nazi leadership addicted to the spoils of invasion, annexation and dispossession. He shows that the pace and timing of Nazi conquests-from the Anschluss of Austria to the annexation of the Czech Sudetenland-were dictated by the rapidly escalating financial needs of the German war machine. Time and again, warnings of an imminent financial collapse spurred the Third Reich to ever more desperate and brazen acts of thievery and destruction. A gripping work of scrupulous erudition and great historical importance, Hitleralʼs Beneficiaries explains the inexplicable, making a radically new contribution to our understanding of Nazi aggression, the Holocaust and the complicity of a people. From the book jacket.
Includes information on anti-Semitism, atonement payments, Banque de France Bank of Greece, Belgium, consumer goods, currency, debt and credit, Eastern Europe (Front), forced labor, France, Joseph Goebbels, gold, Hermann Goring, government bonds, Greece, Adolf Hitler, Holland (Netherlands), responsibility for Holocaust, Hungary, inflation, Italy, Jewish assets, Jews, deportation of Jews, National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party), occupation costs, Poland, Reich Credit Banks (Rreichkreditkasse), Reichsbank, Romania, Schwerin von Krosigk (Count Lutz), social welfare system, Soldiers, Soviet Union, taxes and tax policy, Vichy France, Wehrmacht, working classes, World War I, World War II, etc.