Reviews provided by Syndetics
Library Journal Review
In 1898, the United States entered a war with Spain to liberate Cuba from the European power's imperialist grasp. A few years later, it waged war against the PhilippinesÄbut this time to further its own imperialist agenda. Over the last 100 years, historians have pondered the causes of these conflicts, basing their theories on economics, politics, or culture. Here, Hoganson (history/literature, Harvard) adds a new dimension to the historiography of the wars by examining how gender beliefs may have been motivational factors for leaders in both struggles. This unique work, based on the author's dissertation and relying on a host of primary and secondary sources, might go well with John Tebbel's more popularly written America's Great Patriotic War with Spain (LJ 10/15/96) and Ivan Musicant's Empire by Default (LJ 12/97), a readable military history. A useful addition to any academic or larger public library.ÄTheresa McDevitt, Indiana Univ. of Pennsylvania (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
In this book Hoganson intends to tell a "new story" of the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars by using the "amorphous stuff of culture" to describe and explain policies and practices. She focuses on the attitudes toward manhood (and womanhood) that colored foreign policy debates, influenced the actions of political leaders and their views of the US political system, and shaped views of Spain, Cuba, and the Philippines. Through careful examination of a wide range of sources (letters, tracts, speeches, newspapers, congressional debates, and organization records), Hoganson finds consistent references to gender in the rhetoric of the time. The plot and characters in her narrative are familiar. Jingoes and their opponents, President Mckinley, Teddy Roosevelt, and various congressional leaders march across the pages presenting "competing versions of manhood" that surrounded the debates on war and expansionism. Hoganson's provocative arguments and careful research add significantly to a growing body of literature that considers the links between gender practices and values, and international relations. The book should be of interest to undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and faculty in the fields of American and diplomatic history and gender studies. M. J. Slaughter; University of New Mexico