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Occupied women : gender, military occupation, and the American Civil War / edited by LeeAnn Whites and Alecia P. Long.

Contributor(s): Whites, LeeAnn | Long, Alecia P, 1966-.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: Baton Rouge : Louisiana State University Press, [2009]Copyright date: ©2009Description: vi, 256 pages : map ; 24 cm.Content type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeISBN: 9780807134405 (cloth : alk. paper); 0807134406 (cloth : alk. paper).Subject(s): United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Women | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Social aspects | Women and war -- United States -- History -- 19th century | Women -- Southern States -- Social conditions -- 19th century | Women -- Employment -- Southern States -- History -- 19th century | Military occupation -- Social aspects -- Confederate States of America | Sex role -- Southern States -- History -- 19th century | Occupations -- Southern States -- History -- 19th centuryDDC classification: 973.7/1082
Contents:
(Mis)remembering general order numbers 28: Benjamin Butler, the woman order, and historical memory / Alecia P. Long -- Bedrooms as battlefields: the role of gender politics in Sherman's march / Lisa Tendrich Frank -- "Physical abuse ... and rough handling": race, gender, and sexual justice in the occupied south / E. Susan Barber and Charles F. Ritter -- Gettysburg out of bounds: women and soldiers in the embattled borough, 1863 / Margaret Creighton -- "She-rebels" on the supply line: gender conventions in civil war Kentucky / Kristen L. Streater -- "Corresponding with the enemy": mobilizing the relational field of battle in St. Louis / Leeann Whites -- The practical ladies of occupied Natchez / Cita Cook -- Between slavery and freedom: African American women and occupation in the slave south / Leslie A. Schwalm -- Occupied at home: Women confront confederate forces in North Carolina's quaker belt / Victoria E. Bynum -- Widow in a swamp: gender, unionism, and literacy in the occupied south during the civil war / Joan E. Cashin -- Epilogue: the fortieth congress, southern women, and the gender politics of postwar occupation / Judith Giesberg.
Summary: In the spring of 1861, tens of thousands of young men formed military companies and offered to fight for their country. Near the end of the Civil War, nearly half of the adult male population of the North and a staggering 90 percent of eligible white males in the South had joined the military. With their husbands, sons, and fathers away, legions of women took on additional duties formerly handled by males, and many also faced the ordeal of having their homes occupied by enemy troops. With occupation, the home front and the battlefield merged to create an unanticipated second front where civilians, mainly women, resisted what they perceived as unjust domination. In this work, twelve distinguished historians consider how women's reactions to occupation affected both the strategies of military leaders and ultimately even the outcome of the Civil War. Alecia P. Long, Lisa Tendrich Frank, E. Susan Barber, and Charles F. Ritter explore occupation as an incubator of military policies that reflected occupied women's activism. Margaret Creighton, Kristen L. Streater, LeeAnn Whites, and Cita Cook examine specific locations where citizens both enforced and evaded these military policies. Leslie A. Schwalm, Victoria E. Bynum, and Joan E. Cashin look at the occupation as part of complex and overlapping differences in race, class, and culture. An epilogue by Judith Giesberg emphasizes these themes. Some essays reinterpret legendary encounters between military men and occupied women, such as those prompted by General Butler's infamous "Woman Order" and Sherman's March to the Sea. Others explore new areas such as the development of military policy with regard to sexual justice. Throughout, the contributors examine the common experiences of occupied women and address the unique situations faced by women, whether Union, Confederate, or freed. Civil War historians have traditionally depicted Confederate women as rendered inert by occupying armies, but these essays demonstrate that women came together to form a strong, localized resistance to military invasion. Guerrilla activity, for example, occurred with the support and active participation of women on the home front. Women ran the domestic supply line of food, shelter, and information that proved critical to guerrilla tactics. By broadening the discussion of the Civil War to include what the author calls the "relational field of battle," this pioneering collection helps reconfigure the location of conflict and the chronology of the American Civil War.
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Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode
Book University of Texas At Tyler
Stacks - 3rd Floor
E628 .O33 2009 (Browse shelf) Available 0000001949023

Includes bibliographical references (pages 195-241) and index.

(Mis)remembering general order numbers 28: Benjamin Butler, the woman order, and historical memory / Alecia P. Long -- Bedrooms as battlefields: the role of gender politics in Sherman's march / Lisa Tendrich Frank -- "Physical abuse ... and rough handling": race, gender, and sexual justice in the occupied south / E. Susan Barber and Charles F. Ritter -- Gettysburg out of bounds: women and soldiers in the embattled borough, 1863 / Margaret Creighton -- "She-rebels" on the supply line: gender conventions in civil war Kentucky / Kristen L. Streater -- "Corresponding with the enemy": mobilizing the relational field of battle in St. Louis / Leeann Whites -- The practical ladies of occupied Natchez / Cita Cook -- Between slavery and freedom: African American women and occupation in the slave south / Leslie A. Schwalm -- Occupied at home: Women confront confederate forces in North Carolina's quaker belt / Victoria E. Bynum -- Widow in a swamp: gender, unionism, and literacy in the occupied south during the civil war / Joan E. Cashin -- Epilogue: the fortieth congress, southern women, and the gender politics of postwar occupation / Judith Giesberg.

In the spring of 1861, tens of thousands of young men formed military companies and offered to fight for their country. Near the end of the Civil War, nearly half of the adult male population of the North and a staggering 90 percent of eligible white males in the South had joined the military. With their husbands, sons, and fathers away, legions of women took on additional duties formerly handled by males, and many also faced the ordeal of having their homes occupied by enemy troops. With occupation, the home front and the battlefield merged to create an unanticipated second front where civilians, mainly women, resisted what they perceived as unjust domination. In this work, twelve distinguished historians consider how women's reactions to occupation affected both the strategies of military leaders and ultimately even the outcome of the Civil War. Alecia P. Long, Lisa Tendrich Frank, E. Susan Barber, and Charles F. Ritter explore occupation as an incubator of military policies that reflected occupied women's activism. Margaret Creighton, Kristen L. Streater, LeeAnn Whites, and Cita Cook examine specific locations where citizens both enforced and evaded these military policies. Leslie A. Schwalm, Victoria E. Bynum, and Joan E. Cashin look at the occupation as part of complex and overlapping differences in race, class, and culture. An epilogue by Judith Giesberg emphasizes these themes. Some essays reinterpret legendary encounters between military men and occupied women, such as those prompted by General Butler's infamous "Woman Order" and Sherman's March to the Sea. Others explore new areas such as the development of military policy with regard to sexual justice. Throughout, the contributors examine the common experiences of occupied women and address the unique situations faced by women, whether Union, Confederate, or freed. Civil War historians have traditionally depicted Confederate women as rendered inert by occupying armies, but these essays demonstrate that women came together to form a strong, localized resistance to military invasion. Guerrilla activity, for example, occurred with the support and active participation of women on the home front. Women ran the domestic supply line of food, shelter, and information that proved critical to guerrilla tactics. By broadening the discussion of the Civil War to include what the author calls the "relational field of battle," this pioneering collection helps reconfigure the location of conflict and the chronology of the American Civil War.

Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

This collection of 11 essays by academics and independent scholars from across the US focuses on "the often unacknowledged" roles of women--black and white, Northern and Southern--during the Civil War. Stories of white Southern women predominate. Several of the contributors do not acknowledge that for women or civilians, life in a combat zone or under an occupying army is never easy. They write indignant treatises about the invasion of privacy and insults, although physical violence and death were seldom present. Given the guerilla wars that preceded the war and continued afterward, the level of abuse was modest. The essays on Southern women loyal to the Union, black women's experiences with both Union and Confederate armies, and graphic descriptions of civilian life near the Battle of Gettysburg provide useful, interesting information. Those on Butler and Sherman ignore impossible situations, such as spying or provisioning by Confederate women. Further, Sherman's march and Butler's laws have been the subject of many major histories. Ample evidence of socioeconomic class divisions within the Confederacy provides valuable information. The bibliographies are excellent. Summing Up: Recommended. Selective use for Civil War and women's history collections, undergraduate and up. N. J. Hervey Luther College

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