A French genocide : the Vendée / Reynald Secher ; translated by George Holoch.
By: Secher, Reynald.Material type: TextPublisher: Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame Press, c2003Description: xiv, 305 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0268028656 (cloth : alk. paper); 9780268028657 (cloth : alk. paper).Uniform titles: Génocide franco-français. English Subject(s): France -- History -- Wars of the Vendée, 1793-1832 -- Atrocities | Church and state -- France -- Vendée -- History -- 18th century | Vendée (France) -- History | France -- History -- Revolution, 1789-1799 -- Influence | Vendée (France) -- Church history -- 18th centuryAdditional physical formats: Online version:: French genocide.DDC classification: 944.6104 LOC classification: DC218 | .S43313 2003Other classification: NO 3200
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Includes bibliographical references and index.
Hope -- First revolutionay accomplishments -- End of the honeymoon -- Mistakes of the central government and the excesses of the administration -- Role of the refractory clergy in the resistance -- March toward war -- War begins -- Confrontation between legitimacy and legality in the same territory -- Political incoherence -- Living conditions of the Vendeans -- Local authorities confront their conscience -- Legitimacy of the clery and its activity -- Problem -- Human aspect -- Assessment of property destruction.
Translated from the French.
"A French Genocide: The Vendee provides a detailed narrative of the civil war in the Vendee region of western France, which lasted for much of the 1790s but was most intensely fought at the height of the Reign of Terror, from March 1793 to early 1795. In this book, Reynald Secher argues that the massacres which resulted from the conflict between "patriotic" revolutionary forces and those of the counter-revolution were not the inevitable result of fierce battle, but rather were "premeditated, committed in cold blood, massive and systematic, and undertaken with the conscious and proclaimed will to destroy a well-defined region, and to exterminate an entire people." Drawing upon previously unavailable sources, Secher argues that more than 14 percent of the population and 18 percent of the housing stock in the Vendee was destroyed in this catastrophic conflict." "Secher's review of the social and political structure of the region presents a dramatically different image of the people of the Vendee than the stereotype common among historians favorable to the French Revolution. He demonstrates that they were not archaic and superstitious or even necessarily adverse to the forward-looking forces of the Revolution. Rather, the region turned against the Revolution because of a series of misguided policy choices that failed to satisfy the desire for reform and offended the religious sensibilities of the Vendeans." "Using an array of primary sources, many from provincial archives, including personal accounts and statistical data, Secher argues for a demythologized view of the French Revolution. Contrary to most twentieth-century academic accounts of the Revolution, which have either ignored, apologized for, or explained away the Vendee, Secher demonstrates that the vicious nature of this civil war is a key element that forces us to reconsider the revolutionary regime."--BOOK JACKET.