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The long road home : the aftermath of the Second World War / Ben Shephard.

By: Shephard, Ben, 1948-.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2011Edition: 1st American ed.Description: xii, 489 p., [8] p. of plates : ill., map, ports. ; 25 cm.ISBN: 9781400040681 (hbk.); 140004068X (hbk.).Subject(s): World War, 1939-1945 -- Refugees | World War, 1939-1945 -- Forced repatriation | Repatriation -- Europe -- History -- 20th century | Repatriation -- Asia -- History -- 20th centuryDDC classification: 940.53086/914
Contents:
Introduction : "An enormous deal of kindness" -- Feeding the war machine : foreign labor in Germany, 1940-1945 -- Food and freedom : preparing for the aftermath of war, 1940-1943 -- "The origin of the perpetual muddle" : experience with relief, 1943-1945 -- "Half the nationalities of Europe on the march" : Germany, 1945 -- The psychological moment : repatriating the refugees, 1945 -- The surviving remnant : Jewish DPs, 1945 -- "Feed the brutes?" : German refugees, 1945 -- Dollars or death : UNRRA in Germany, 1945 -- "You pick it up fast" : Wildflecken DP Camp, Germany, 1945 -- "Even if the gates are locked" : Jewish DPs, 1946 -- "Skryning" : repatriating DPs, 1946 -- "Save them first and argue after" : La Guardia and UNRRA -- "We grossly underestimated the destruction" : the food crisis in Europe in the winter of 1946-1947 and Washington's response -- "Dwell, eat, breed, wait" : life in DP camps, 1947-1950 -- "The best interests of the child" : child search in Germany, 1945-1950 -- "Good human stock" : resettling DPs, 1947-1950 -- "We lived to see it" : Jewish DPs and the creation of Israel, 1947-1949 -- America's fair share : the United States and DPs, 1947-1950 -- Legacies : how DPs made new lives.
Summary: At the end of World War II, long before an Allied victory was assured and before the scope of the atrocities orchestrated by Hitler would come into focus or even assume the name of the Holocaust, Allied forces had begun to prepare for its aftermath. Taking cues from the end of the First World War, planners had begun the futile task of preparing themselves for a civilian health crisis that, due in large part to advances in medical science, would never come. The problem that emerged was not widespread disease among Europe's population, as anticipated, but massive displacement among those who had been uprooted from home and country during the war. Displaced Persons, as the refugees would come to be known, were not comprised entirely of Jews. Millions of Latvians, Poles, Ukrainians, and Yugoslavs, in addition to several hundred thousand Germans, were situated in a limbo long overlooked by historians. While many were speedily repatriated, millions of refugees refused to return to countries that were forever changed by the war, a crisis that would take years to resolve and would become the defining legacy of World War II. Indeed many of the postwar questions that haunted the Allied planners still confront us today: How can humanitarian aid be made to work? What levels of immigration can our societies absorb? How can an occupying power restore prosperity to a defeated enemy? Including new documentation in the form of journals, oral histories, and essays by actual DPs unearthed during his research for this illuminating and radical reassessment of history, the author brings to light the extraordinary stories and myriad versions of the war experienced by the refugees and the new United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration that would undertake the responsibility of binding the wounds of an entire continent. Remarkably relevant to conflicts that continue to plague peacekeeping efforts, this work tells the epic story of how millions redefined the notion of home amid painstaking recovery. It is a reassessment of World War II's legacy that evaluates the unique challenges of reconstructing an entire continent of Holocaust survivors and starving refugees, in an account that draws on memoirs, essays, and oral histories to discuss lesser known aspects of the massive postwar relief efforts.
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Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode
Book University of Texas At Tyler
Stacks - 3rd Floor
D808 .S44 2011 (Browse shelf) Available 4000000000004

"Originally published in Great Britain in slightly different form by The Bodley Head, London, 2010"--T.p. verso.

"This is a Borzoi book published by Alfred A. Knopf"--T.p. verso.

Includes bibliographical references (p. 453-470) and index.

Introduction : "An enormous deal of kindness" -- Feeding the war machine : foreign labor in Germany, 1940-1945 -- Food and freedom : preparing for the aftermath of war, 1940-1943 -- "The origin of the perpetual muddle" : experience with relief, 1943-1945 -- "Half the nationalities of Europe on the march" : Germany, 1945 -- The psychological moment : repatriating the refugees, 1945 -- The surviving remnant : Jewish DPs, 1945 -- "Feed the brutes?" : German refugees, 1945 -- Dollars or death : UNRRA in Germany, 1945 -- "You pick it up fast" : Wildflecken DP Camp, Germany, 1945 -- "Even if the gates are locked" : Jewish DPs, 1946 -- "Skryning" : repatriating DPs, 1946 -- "Save them first and argue after" : La Guardia and UNRRA -- "We grossly underestimated the destruction" : the food crisis in Europe in the winter of 1946-1947 and Washington's response -- "Dwell, eat, breed, wait" : life in DP camps, 1947-1950 -- "The best interests of the child" : child search in Germany, 1945-1950 -- "Good human stock" : resettling DPs, 1947-1950 -- "We lived to see it" : Jewish DPs and the creation of Israel, 1947-1949 -- America's fair share : the United States and DPs, 1947-1950 -- Legacies : how DPs made new lives.

At the end of World War II, long before an Allied victory was assured and before the scope of the atrocities orchestrated by Hitler would come into focus or even assume the name of the Holocaust, Allied forces had begun to prepare for its aftermath. Taking cues from the end of the First World War, planners had begun the futile task of preparing themselves for a civilian health crisis that, due in large part to advances in medical science, would never come. The problem that emerged was not widespread disease among Europe's population, as anticipated, but massive displacement among those who had been uprooted from home and country during the war. Displaced Persons, as the refugees would come to be known, were not comprised entirely of Jews. Millions of Latvians, Poles, Ukrainians, and Yugoslavs, in addition to several hundred thousand Germans, were situated in a limbo long overlooked by historians. While many were speedily repatriated, millions of refugees refused to return to countries that were forever changed by the war, a crisis that would take years to resolve and would become the defining legacy of World War II. Indeed many of the postwar questions that haunted the Allied planners still confront us today: How can humanitarian aid be made to work? What levels of immigration can our societies absorb? How can an occupying power restore prosperity to a defeated enemy? Including new documentation in the form of journals, oral histories, and essays by actual DPs unearthed during his research for this illuminating and radical reassessment of history, the author brings to light the extraordinary stories and myriad versions of the war experienced by the refugees and the new United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration that would undertake the responsibility of binding the wounds of an entire continent. Remarkably relevant to conflicts that continue to plague peacekeeping efforts, this work tells the epic story of how millions redefined the notion of home amid painstaking recovery. It is a reassessment of World War II's legacy that evaluates the unique challenges of reconstructing an entire continent of Holocaust survivors and starving refugees, in an account that draws on memoirs, essays, and oral histories to discuss lesser known aspects of the massive postwar relief efforts.

Reviews provided by Syndetics

Library Journal Review

Most books on postwar Europe are about the political and military division of the continent, without accounts of the social, cultural, and human turmoil. Shephard helps fill the gap with this study of what happened to the war's millions of displaced persons (DPs) and refugees. This is also a history of the official relief administration efforts as the Allied bureaucracy tried to bring order out of mass chaos and rebuild a devastated continent. Shephard intersperses descriptions of particular personal experiences to illustrate some of the conditions the DPs faced. Hanging over so many were memories of the aftermath of World War I, the challenge of what to do with Jewish refugees, and the looming start of what would become the Cold War. Shephard's book is a fine choice for general and scholarly audiences. (c) Copyright 2011. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

CHOICE Review

This thoughtful, sympathetic study of postwar Europe's uprooted millions draws attention to a topic often subordinated to narratives of national recovery and the early Cold War. Shephard emphasizes Displaced Persons (DPs)--forced or voluntary laborers, survivors of concentration camps, POWs, kidnapped children--in camps in Germany but discusses German expellees from central and eastern Europe, too. He systematically presents the multinational character of the DP problem, describing the varying situations of (and stereotypes about) Poles, Jews, Ukrainians, Latvians, Lithuanians, Estonians, Germans, and others. The book analyzes international efforts, primarily via the UN Relief and Rehabilitation Administration and the International Refugee Organization, to house, feed, and ultimately repatriate or resettle DPs within the context of destruction, conflict among the Allies, and shortages of resources. Shephard's multileveled approach (high politics, bureaucracy, personnel, beneficiaries) provides valuable insights into US and British policies on occupied Germany, immigration, and humanitarian aid as well as developments within Zionism and the Jewish settlement of Palestine. Based upon many first-person accounts and much recent scholarship, the book is both fascinating for nonspecialists and useful for specialists. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Most levels/libraries. G. F. Schroeder St. John's University/College of St. Benedict, Minnesota

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Ben Shephard was born in 1948, studied history at Oxford University, and is the author of the critically acclaimed A War of Nerves and After Daybreak . He was producer of the U.K. television series The World at War and The Nuclear Age , and has made numerous historical and scientific documentaries for the BBC and Channel Four. He lives in Bristol, England.

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