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In struggle against Jim Crow : Lulu B. White and the NAACP, 1900-1957 / Merline Pitre.

By: Pitre, Merline, 1943-.
Material type: TextTextSeries: Centennial series of the Association of Former Students, Texas A & M University: no. 81.Publisher: College Station : Texas A & M University Press, c1999Edition: 1st ed.Description: xiv, 181 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.ISBN: 0890968691 (acid-free paper); 9780890968697 (acid-free paper).Subject(s): White, Lulu B. (Lulu Belle) | African American women civil rights workers -- Texas -- Biography | Civil rights workers -- Texas -- Biography | African Americans -- Civil rights -- Texas -- History -- 20th century | National Association for the Advancement of Colored People -- History -- 20th century | Houston (Tex.) -- Biography | Houston (Tex.) -- Race relationsAdditional physical formats: Online version:: In struggle against Jim Crow.; Online version:: In struggle against Jim Crow.DDC classification: 323.1/196073/0092 | B LOC classification: F391.W575 | P58 1999Other classification: 15.85
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Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode
Book University of Texas At Tyler
Stacks - 3rd Floor
F391.W575 P58 1999 (Browse shelf) Available 0000002129484
Book University of Texas At Tyler
Stacks - 3rd Floor
F391 .W575 P58 1999 (Browse shelf) Available 0000001969146
Browsing University of Texas At Tyler Shelves , Shelving location: Stacks - 3rd Floor Close shelf browser
F391 .W33 The howling of the coyotes : F391 .W43 1965 The Texas Rangers; F391 .W57 To wear a city's crown; F391.W575 P58 1999 In struggle against Jim Crow : F391 .W8 1997 Women in the Texas populist movement : F391 .W92 1987 Soldiers, sutlers, and settlers : F391 .W95 Texas;

Includes bibliographical references (p. 151-172) and index.

Reviews provided by Syndetics


The modern Civil Rights Movement was driven not by activist leaders but by plain black people standing up to a culture of oppression. The Movement did not just happen, it was preceded by a history of violence, court cases, lynchings, protests, and organizing. Pitre (Texas Southern Univ.) gives an account of one of the soldiers in those earlier battles. Lulu Belle Madison White (1900-57) was born in East Texas, the 11th of 12 children of former slaves. Through education and marriage, she managed to enter Houston's black middle class in a city so segregated blacks had to stand in a separate line to buy stamps at the post office. Despite the odds, as well as the hindrances of local factionalism and the conservative nature of the NAACP, White threw herself into the civil rights struggles of the day: police brutality, salary equalization, integrating the University of Texas. The dominating issue was the white primary, which effectively disfranchised blacks by defining the Democratic Party as a private club. After enormous effort, the white primary was outlawed by the Supreme Court in the Smith v. Allwright decision of 1944. The story of Lulu White is local history at its best, and a model of contextual biography. All levels. R. Newman; W.E.B. DuBois Institute

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Merline Pitre is professor of history and former dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Texas Southern University. Her specialization is U.S. Reconstruction and African American history, particularly in Texas.

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