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Toussaint Louverture and the American Civil War : the promise and peril of a second Haitian revolution / Matthew J. Clavin.

By: Clavin, Matthew J.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: Philadelphia, Pa. : University of Pennsylvania Press, [2010]Copyright date: copyright 2010Description: viii, 238 pages : illustrations, map ; 24 cm.Content type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeISBN: 9780812242058 (hardcover : alk. paper); 081224205X (hardcover : alk. paper); 9780812221848 (pbk.); 0812221842 (pbk.).Subject(s): Toussaint Louverture, 1743-1803 -- Influence | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Social aspects | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Causes | Antislavery movements -- United States -- History -- 19th century | Haiti -- Foreign public opinion, American -- History -- 19th century | African Americans -- Race identity -- History -- 19th century | Whites -- Race identity -- United States -- History -- 19th century | Haiti -- History -- Revolution, 1791-1804 -- InfluenceDDC classification: 973.7/11
Contents:
"The insurrection of the Blacks in St. Domingo" : remembering Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian revolution -- Part I: Oprning the Civil War of words. "He patterned his life after the San Domingan" : John Brown, Toussaint Louverture, and the triumph of violent abolitionism ; "Contemplate, I beseech you, fellow-citizens, the example of St. Domingo" : abolitionist dreams, Confederate nightmares, and the counterrevolution of secession -- Part II: A second Haitian revolution? "Liberty on the battle-field" : Haiti and the movement to arm Black soldiers ; "Emancipation or insurrection" : Haiti and the end of slavery in America -- Part III: Nations within a nation. "Many a Touissant L'overture amongst us" : Black identity ; "A repetition of San Domingo?" : southern white identity ; "Do we want another San Domingo to be repeated in the South?" : northern white identity.
Summary: "The Haitian Revolution cast a long shadow over the Atlantic world. In the United States, according to Matthew J. Clavin, there emerged two competing narratives that vied for the revolution's legacy. One emphasized vengeful African slaves committing unspeakable acts of violence against white men, women, and children. The other was the story of an enslaved people who, under the leadership of Louverture, vanquished their violent oppressors in an effort to eradicate slavery and build a new nation. Toussaint Louverture and the American Civil War examines the significance of these competing narratives in American society on the eve of and during the Civil War"--Dust jacket.
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Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode
Book University of Texas At Tyler
Stacks - 3rd Floor
E453 .C535 2010 (Browse shelf) Available 0000002129286

Includes bibliographical references (p. [187]-230) and index.

"The insurrection of the Blacks in St. Domingo" : remembering Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian revolution -- Part I: Oprning the Civil War of words. "He patterned his life after the San Domingan" : John Brown, Toussaint Louverture, and the triumph of violent abolitionism ; "Contemplate, I beseech you, fellow-citizens, the example of St. Domingo" : abolitionist dreams, Confederate nightmares, and the counterrevolution of secession -- Part II: A second Haitian revolution? "Liberty on the battle-field" : Haiti and the movement to arm Black soldiers ; "Emancipation or insurrection" : Haiti and the end of slavery in America -- Part III: Nations within a nation. "Many a Touissant L'overture amongst us" : Black identity ; "A repetition of San Domingo?" : southern white identity ; "Do we want another San Domingo to be repeated in the South?" : northern white identity.

"The Haitian Revolution cast a long shadow over the Atlantic world. In the United States, according to Matthew J. Clavin, there emerged two competing narratives that vied for the revolution's legacy. One emphasized vengeful African slaves committing unspeakable acts of violence against white men, women, and children. The other was the story of an enslaved people who, under the leadership of Louverture, vanquished their violent oppressors in an effort to eradicate slavery and build a new nation. Toussaint Louverture and the American Civil War examines the significance of these competing narratives in American society on the eve of and during the Civil War"--Dust jacket.

Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

Clavin (Univ. of West Florida) argues that "the seeds of the Civil War were planted in the revolutionary eighteenth-century world." Abolitionists and anti-abolitionists both used Haiti's slave insurrection of 1794 to 1804 to advance their own views about ending slavery in the US, using the symbols of the Haitian Revolution to strengthen their own causes. Indeed, Clavin asserts that Haiti's experience had a profound and enduring influence on the Civil War and the years preceding it that has long been overlooked. Toussaint Louverture's example emboldened many, even John Brown, just as what Louverture and Jean-Jacques Dessalines accomplished in Haiti alarmed opponents of freedom for slaves. Innumerable discussions of black freedom and black violence drew on the Haitian example. Clavin suggests the US Civil War was, in fact, fought in the shadow of Haiti's struggle to be free. On the brink of the Civil War, moreover, "Louverture and the Haitian Revolution were resonant, polarizing, and ultimately subversive symbols." Some proponents of emancipation saw the Civil War as a second Haitian Revolution. Southern secessionists countered with their own descriptions of Haiti under black rule. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Researchers and faculty. R. I. Rotberg Harvard University

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Matthew J. Clavin is Associate Professor of History at the University of Houston.

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