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Empowerment as a Hypertension Management Strategy for African American Women E'Loria Simon Campbell

By: Campbell, E'Loria Simon.
Contributor(s): The University of Texas at Tyler.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: Tyler, Tex University of Tyler at Texas 2011Description: 124 pages.Subject(s): African American women | Hypertension in women | Empowerment | Self-efficacy | NursingOnline resources: Dissertation Dissertation note: Dissertation (PhD) - University of Texas at Tyler, 2011. Summary: Successful health management strategies remain elusive for the 25 million African- American (AA) women afflicted with high blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to determine if a psychological empowerment coaching (PEC) intervention had an impact on health promotion outcomes. The primary research strategy measured the impact of a PEC intervention on health care empowerment, self-efficacy, intent to exercise, and health outcomes among hypertensive AA women. Pender’s Revised Health Promotion Model (Figure 1) served as the theoretical model for this quasi-experimental study utilizing pretest-posttest measurement with subjects serving as their own controls. A convenience sample of 35 hypertensive women from predominately-AA churches in rural and urban Texas attended a one-time psychological empowerment coaching class on hypertension management with a follow-up intervention session to reinforce positive behaviors and collect post-test data. Findings demonstrate that a directed psychological intervention aimed at promoting the self-confidence and health knowledge of AA women increased their feeling of empowerment and their intent to manage the blood pressure in the future. Two articles derived from this study are included which describe a qualitative pre-study interview of AA women regarding perceptions of their hypertension which advised the main study. The second article is a report of the findings with recommendations for further research.
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Item type Current location Collection Call number URL Status Notes Date due Barcode
UT Tyler Dissertation UT Tyler Online
Online
University Archives & Special Collections RC685.H8 .C36 2011 (Browse shelf) http://hdl.handle.net/10950/56 Available

Dissertation (PhD) - University of Texas at Tyler, 2011.

Includes bibliographical references.

Successful health management strategies remain elusive for the 25 million African-
American (AA) women afflicted with high blood pressure. The purpose of this study was
to determine if a psychological empowerment coaching (PEC) intervention had an impact
on health promotion outcomes. The primary research strategy measured the impact of a
PEC intervention on health care empowerment, self-efficacy, intent to exercise, and
health outcomes among hypertensive AA women. Pender’s Revised Health Promotion
Model (Figure 1) served as the theoretical model for this quasi-experimental study
utilizing pretest-posttest measurement with subjects serving as their own controls. A
convenience sample of 35 hypertensive women from predominately-AA churches in rural
and urban Texas attended a one-time psychological empowerment coaching class on
hypertension management with a follow-up intervention session to reinforce positive
behaviors and collect post-test data. Findings demonstrate that a directed psychological intervention aimed at promoting the self-confidence and health knowledge of AA women increased their feeling of empowerment and their intent to manage the blood pressure in the future. Two articles derived from this study are included which describe a qualitative pre-study interview of AA women regarding perceptions of their hypertension which advised the main study. The second article is a report of the findings with recommendations for further research.

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