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CHALLENGES OF SMOKING CESSATION RESEARCH IN MONGOLIA CAROL M. ROWLEY

By: ROWLEY, CAROL M [author].
Contributor(s): The University of Texas at Tyler.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: [Tyler, Texas] [University of Texas at Tyler] 2013Description: 1 online resource (ix, 113 pages) text file, PDF.Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceSubject(s): Smoking cessation | Motivational interviewing | NursingOnline resources: Dissertation Dissertation note: Dissertation (Ph.D.), University of Texas at Tyler, 2013. Summary: The deleterious impact of tobacco use on health has been well-known for years. Nevertheless, cigarette smoking is a behavior which generally is not easily abandoned due to its addictive propensities. Thus, it is important for nurses to be competent in the delivery of evidence-based smoking cessation interventions which can help their clients achieve tobacco-free status. This need is particularly urgent in nations with high smoking prevalence rates, including many developing nations. The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, an investigation was undertaken to determine the smoking habits and influences among Eastern European nations, the former Soviet Union, and Mongolia. These nations shared the post-Soviet era experience of adjusting to economic and political changes while at the same time negotiating the advances of the transnational tobacco companies. Next, a smoking cessation intervention pilot study utilizing nursing students as the interventionists was conducted in Mongolia. This study utilized a single group pre-and post-test design to evaluate changes in smoking cessation autonomous self-regulation (SCASR) and smoking frequency and intensity after a motivational coaching intervention. Post-counseling scores of SCASR and smoking frequency and intensity decreased, but none of these changes reached the level of significance. A high participant attrition rate created a smaller than desired sample for statistical analysis. Strengths and weaknesses of the intervention design were evaluated along with challenges of conducting health-related research in developing countries. Smoking cessation research studies are essential as nurses seek to learn and implement effective tobacco dependence treatment, particularly in vulnerable countries with limited resources.
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Item type Current location Collection Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
UT Tyler Dissertation UT Tyler Online
Online
University Archives & Special Collections RC567 .R69 2013 (Browse shelf) http://hdl.handle.net/10950/109 Available 852150909

Dissertation (Ph.D.), University of Texas at Tyler, 2013.

Includes bibliographic references (pages 32-39, 74-81 and page 86).

The deleterious impact of tobacco use on health has been well-known for years. Nevertheless, cigarette smoking is a behavior which generally is not easily abandoned due to its addictive propensities. Thus, it is important for nurses to be competent in the delivery of evidence-based smoking cessation interventions which can help their clients achieve tobacco-free status. This need is particularly urgent in nations with high smoking prevalence rates, including many developing nations. The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, an investigation was undertaken to determine the smoking habits and influences among Eastern European nations, the former Soviet Union, and Mongolia. These nations shared the post-Soviet era experience of adjusting to economic and political changes while at the same time negotiating the advances of the transnational tobacco companies. Next, a smoking cessation intervention pilot study utilizing nursing students as the interventionists was conducted in Mongolia. This study utilized a single group pre-and post-test design to evaluate changes in smoking cessation autonomous self-regulation (SCASR) and smoking frequency and intensity after a motivational coaching intervention. Post-counseling scores of SCASR and smoking frequency and intensity decreased, but none of these changes reached the level of significance. A high participant attrition rate created a smaller than desired sample for statistical analysis. Strengths and weaknesses of the intervention design were evaluated along with challenges of conducting health-related research in developing countries. Smoking cessation research studies are essential as nurses seek to learn and implement effective tobacco dependence treatment, particularly in vulnerable countries with limited resources.

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