American Criminal Justice Policy : An Evaluation Approach to Increasing Accountability and Effectiveness
By: Mears, Daniel P.Material type: TextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2010Description: 1 online resource (335 p.).ISBN: 9780511727610.Subject(s): Criminology -- United States | Criminology | Justice, Administration of -- United StatesGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: American Criminal Justice Policy : An Evaluation Approach to Increasing Accountability and EffectivenessDDC classification: 364.973 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
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Cover; Half-title; Title; Copyright; Contents; Preface; 1 Introduction; The Problem; The Goals of This Book; Organization of This Book; 2 Irrational Criminal Justice Policy; The Evaluation Hierarchy and the Irrationality of Criminal Justice Policy; The Policy Context and the Stakes Involved; Crime Rates; Correctional System Growth; Prisoner Reentry; Criminal Justice Expenditures; Evidence for Current Criminal Justice Policies; Influences on Criminal Justice Policy; Politicization of Crime; False Dichotomies; Swings from One Extreme to Another; Bad Cases Make for Bad Policies
Symbolic GesturesPublic Opinion and Policy Makers' Misunderstanding of It; Belief in "Silver Bullet" Causes and Solutions to Crime; Limited Production of Policy Research; Conclusion; Discussion Questions; 3 A Solution for Improving Criminal Justice Policy; History of Evaluation Research; Evaluation Research Defined; The Evaluation Hierarchy; Evaluation as a Way to Increase Accountability and Evidence-Based Policy; Evaluation Research versus Performance Monitoring; Benefits of Evaluation Research; The Art of Conducting Evaluation Research; Conclusion; Discussion Questions; 4 Needs Evaluations
What Is a Needs Evaluation?Needs Evaluation: Step 1 in the Hierarchy; Defining the Problem: Size, Trends, Location, Causes; Determining the Type and Level of Response Needed; How to Conduct a Needs Evaluation; Why Are Needs Evaluations Important?; Case Studies: Mass Incarceration and Sex Crime Laws; Mass Incarceration; Sex Crime Laws; Are Current Criminal Justice Policies Needed?; Conclusion; Discussion Questions; 5 Theory Evaluations; What Is a Theory Evaluation?; Theory Evaluation: Step 2 in the Hierarchy; Needs Evaluations and Theory Evaluations; Theoretical or Causal Logic
How to Conduct a Theory EvaluationCriteria for Evaluating the Credibility of Policy Theory; Why Are Theory Evaluations Important?; Case Studies: Supermax Prisons and Faith-Based Reentry Programs; Supermax Prisons; Faith-Based Reentry Programs; Are Current Criminal Justice Policies Well Grounded in Theory?; Criminological Theory; Weak Theoretical Foundations of Prominent Criminal Justice Policies; The Problems with Silver Bullet Policy Strategies; Conclusion; Discussion Questions; 6 Implementation Evaluations; What Is an Implementation Evaluation?
Implementation Evaluation: Step 3 in the HierarchyPerformance Monitoring and Implementation Evaluations; Criteria for Assessing Policy Performance; How to Conduct an Implementation Evaluation; Why Are Implementation Evaluations Important?; Case Studies: Juvenile Transfer and Domestic Violence Mandatory Arrest Laws; Juvenile Transfer; Domestic Violence Mandatory Arrest Laws; Are Current Criminal Justice Policies Implemented Well?; Case Study Illustrations and Other Policies; Policy Implementation and Evaluation of It: The Broader Problem; Conclusion; Discussion Questions
7 Outcome Evaluations and Impact Evaluations
Examines the most prominent criminal justice policies, finding that they fall short of achieving the effectiveness that policymakers have advocated.
Description based upon print version of record.