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Victorian Scientific Naturalism : Community, Identity, Continuity

By: Lightman, Bernard.
Contributor(s): Dawson, Gowan.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2014Description: 1 online resource (354 p.).ISBN: 9780226109640.Subject(s): Great Britain -- Intellectual life -- 19th century | Naturalism -- History -- 19th century | Naturalism -- Religious aspects | Science -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century | Science -- Social aspects -- Great Britain -- 19th centuryGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Victorian Scientific Naturalism : Community, Identity, ContinuityDDC classification: 501 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Contents; Introduction, Gowan Dawson and Bernard Lightman; Forging Friendships; 1. ""The Great O. versus the Jermyn St. Pet"": Huxley, Falconer, and Owen on Paleontological Method -Gowan Dawson; 2. Evolutionary Naturalism on High: The Victorians Sequester the Alps -Michael S. Reidy; 3. Paradox: The Art of Scientific Naturalism -George Levine; Institutional Politics; 4. Huxley and the Devonshire Commission -Bernard Lightman; 5. Economies of Scales: Evolutionary Naturalists and the Victorian Examination System -James Elwick
6. Odd Man Out: Was Joseph Hooker an Evolutionary Naturalist? -Jim EnderspyBroader Alliances; 7. Sunday Lecture Societies: Naturalistic Scientists, Uniarians, and Secularists Unite against Sabbatarian Legislation -Ruth Barton; 8. The Conduct of Belief: Agnosticism, the Metaphysical Society, and the Formation of Intellectual Communities -Paul White; 9. Where Naturalism and Theism Met: The Uniformity of Nature -Matthew Stanley; New Generations; 10. The Fate of Scientific Naturalism: From Public Sphere to Professional Exclusivity -Theodore M. Porter
11. The Sucessors to the X Club? Late Victorian Naturalists and Nature, 1869-1900 -Melinda Baldwin12. From Agnosticism to Rationalism: Evolutionary Biologists, The Rationalist Press Association, and Early Twentieth-Century Scientific Naturalism -Peter J. Bowler; Acknowledgments; Bibliography of Major Works on Scientific Naturalism; List of Contributors; Index
Summary: Victorian Scientific Naturalism examines the secular creeds of the generation of intellectuals who, in the wake of The Origin of Species, wrested cultural authority from the old Anglican establishment while installing themselves as a new professional scientific elite. These scientific naturalists-led by biologists, physicists, and mathematicians such as William Kingdon Clifford, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Thomas Henry Huxley, and John Tyndall-sought to persuade both the state and the public that scientists, not theologians, should be granted cultural authority, since their expertise gave them speci
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Q127.G4 .V454 2014 (Browse shelf) http://uttyler.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1662659 Available EBL1662659

Contents; Introduction, Gowan Dawson and Bernard Lightman; Forging Friendships; 1. ""The Great O. versus the Jermyn St. Pet"": Huxley, Falconer, and Owen on Paleontological Method -Gowan Dawson; 2. Evolutionary Naturalism on High: The Victorians Sequester the Alps -Michael S. Reidy; 3. Paradox: The Art of Scientific Naturalism -George Levine; Institutional Politics; 4. Huxley and the Devonshire Commission -Bernard Lightman; 5. Economies of Scales: Evolutionary Naturalists and the Victorian Examination System -James Elwick

6. Odd Man Out: Was Joseph Hooker an Evolutionary Naturalist? -Jim EnderspyBroader Alliances; 7. Sunday Lecture Societies: Naturalistic Scientists, Uniarians, and Secularists Unite against Sabbatarian Legislation -Ruth Barton; 8. The Conduct of Belief: Agnosticism, the Metaphysical Society, and the Formation of Intellectual Communities -Paul White; 9. Where Naturalism and Theism Met: The Uniformity of Nature -Matthew Stanley; New Generations; 10. The Fate of Scientific Naturalism: From Public Sphere to Professional Exclusivity -Theodore M. Porter

11. The Sucessors to the X Club? Late Victorian Naturalists and Nature, 1869-1900 -Melinda Baldwin12. From Agnosticism to Rationalism: Evolutionary Biologists, The Rationalist Press Association, and Early Twentieth-Century Scientific Naturalism -Peter J. Bowler; Acknowledgments; Bibliography of Major Works on Scientific Naturalism; List of Contributors; Index

Victorian Scientific Naturalism examines the secular creeds of the generation of intellectuals who, in the wake of The Origin of Species, wrested cultural authority from the old Anglican establishment while installing themselves as a new professional scientific elite. These scientific naturalists-led by biologists, physicists, and mathematicians such as William Kingdon Clifford, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Thomas Henry Huxley, and John Tyndall-sought to persuade both the state and the public that scientists, not theologians, should be granted cultural authority, since their expertise gave them speci

Description based upon print version of record.

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CHOICE Review

Scientific naturalism has been controversial since versions with different connotations coalesced in the wake of Darwin's On the Origin of Species, long before Huxley seemingly coined the term. Here, historians Dawson (Univ. of Leicester, UK) and Lightman (York Univ., Canada) have assembled 12 probative contributions that reveal how scientific naturalism was more (and less) than a label for secular commitments among intellectual elites who seized cultural authority from the Anglican establishment under the aegis of professionalized science. The community of adherents was forged from sublime experiences during Alpine mountaineering, political maneuvering for unfettered science funding, battles over foundational principles in paleontology, and a system of education by standardized examination. Its identity was fluid, sometimes secondary in importance, and flexible enough to ally with enemies to accomplish secularizing goals and engage in orderly debate with basic agreement on the uniformity of nature. Tangled threads of continuity extend backward and forward through changes in publishing habits, attempts to transform general culture, and a more enthusiastic embrace of rationalism. These analyses are significant for problematizing scientific naturalism as a historiographical category and showing how variations on the theme illuminate the Victorian period. --Alan C. Love, University of Minnesota

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