Understanding why a ground combat vehicle that carries nine dismounts is important to the Army / Bruce J. Held, Mark A. Lorell, James T. Quinlivan, Chad C. Serena.Material type: TextSeries: JSTOR eBooksRAND Corporation research report series: RR184.Publisher: Santa Monica, CA : RAND Corporation, 2013Copyright date: ©2013Description: 1 online resource (xii, 40 pages) : illustrationsContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780833082855 (electronic bk.); 083308285X (electronic bk.)Report number: RAND RR184Subject(s): United States. Army -- Equipment and supplies | Armored vehicles, Military | Combat sustainability (Military science)LOC classification: UG446.5 | .H445 2013Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
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Includes bibliographical references (pages 39-40).
Preface -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Introduction -- Infantry squad size from World War II to the present -- Integrating dismounted infantry capabilities with combat vehicles -- Conclusion -- Appendix -- Bibliography.
The Army has examined the lessons of half a dozen significant conflicts, starting with World War II, has conducted numerous studies over the last 65 years, and has found time and again that an ability to conduct dismounted fire and maneuver is the fundamental squad-level tactic. It has also consistently determined that squads should be organized around two fire teams and should contain no fewer than nine soldiers, though a larger number has usually been preferred, to accomplish fire and maneuver doctrine, but also for reasons of squad resilience, lethality, and leader span of control. To support fully enabled mechanized infantry squads, the Army has, for the last fifty years, tried to develop and field survivable, lethal infantry fighting vehicles that are also capable of carrying a full nine to eleven man squad that can dismount to fight on foot. The Army has not been able to do this for a variety of reasons, and its current infantry fighting vehicle, the M2 Bradley, cannot carry enough soldiers to enable squad-level fire and maneuver from a single vehicle. As a result, today's mechanized infantry are more at risk when transitioning from mounted to dismounted operations, and squad-level dismounted fire and maneuver is compromised in some situations. The Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV), if developed as planned, will finally provide the infantry with an IFV that can accommodate a full squad. For this reason, the Army considers the program to be one of its most important.
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (RAND, viewed July 24, 2013).
The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army under Contract No. W74V8H-06-C-0001.