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Item type Current location Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
E185.61 .A437 2011 (Browse shelf) https://ezproxy.uttyler.edu/login?url=http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/j.ctt3fhdsk Available ocn794700699



Includes bibliographical references and index.

Made available online by Project Muse.

Description based on print version record.

Reviews provided by Syndetics


Alexander's extremely rich monograph unravels the complex ideological, personal, and institutional features of grassroots African American civil rights organization, leadership, and protest during what historian Rayford W. Logan termed the "nadir" of race relations in the US, the era of Jim Crow. Revisiting the pioneering work of historians August Meier and Louis R. Harlan, Alexander's great accomplishment is in his digging more deeply into the primary sources--especially newspapers--and in establishing a wider context for early black activist and protest groups that culminated in the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The author focuses closely on such organizations as the Afro-American League and the Afro-American Council, established in 1890 and 1898, respectively. He unearths important networks and identifies and explains the complex organizational activities of black protest leaders in the Gilded Age US, including T. Thomas Fortune, Archibald Grimke, Kelly Miller, William Sanders Scarborough, Bishop Alexander Walters, and George H. White. Alexander argues persuasively that these and other activists, including Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois, systematically and consistently built a platform upon which Du Bois and other leaders of the Niagara Movement stood when fashioning the interracial NAACP in 1909. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All collections. J. D. Smith University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Shawn Leigh Alexander is Associate Professor of African and African American Studies at the University of Kansas.

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