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The Origins of the Final Solution : The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939-March 1942

By: Browning, Christopher R.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Lincoln : UNP - Nebraska, 2013Description: 1 online resource (1234 p.).ISBN: 9780803253117.Subject(s): Germany -- Ethnic relations | Germany -- Politics and government -- 1933-1945 | Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- CausesGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: The Origins of the Final Solution : The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939-March 1942DDC classification: 940.53 | 940.53/1811 | 940.531811 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Contents; List of Illustrations; Preface; 1. Background; 2. Poland, Laboratory of Racial Policy; Abdication of the Army; Racial Policy and Terror; 3. The Search for a Final Solution through Expulsion, 1939-1941; Eichmann and the Nisko Plan; The Baltic Germans, the First Short-Range Plan, and the Warthegau Deportations; The Curbing of Nazi Deportation Plans, January-February 1940; The Intermediate Plan, the Stettin Deportations, and the Volhynian Action, February-July 1940; The Army, from Abdication to Complicity; The Madagascar Plan
The Last Spasms of Expulsion Policy, Fall 1940-Spring 19414. The Polish Ghettos; Ghettoization; Exploitation; Production or Starvation, the Ghetto Managers' Dilemma; 5. Germany and Europe; Racial Persecution inside Germany, 1939-1941; The Nazi Sphere of Influence; 6. Preparing for the "War of Destruction"; Military Preparations for the "War of Destruction"; Preparations of the ss; Economic and Demographic Preparations for "Operation Barbarossa" (by Christopher R. Browning and Jürgen Matthäus); 7. Operation Barbarossa and the Onset of the Holocaust, June-December 1941
German Perceptions and Expectations Regarding "the East"Early Anti-Jewish Measures and the Mid-July Turning Point; Pogroms and Collaboration; Toward the Final Solution, August-December 1941; The Final Solution in the East; 8. From War of Destruction to the Final Solution; Euphoria of Victory and Decision Making, July-October 1941; Consternation and Anticipation; Inventing the Extermination Camp; 9. The Final Solution from Conception to Implementation, October 1941-March 1942; Deportations from Germany, the First and Second Waves; Integrating the Bureaucracy into the Final Solution
The Gassing Begins10. Conclusion; Hitler and the Decision-Making Process in Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939-March 1942; Germans and the Final Solution; Notes; Bibliography; Comprehensive History of the Holocaust series
Summary: Published by the University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, and Yad Vashem, Jerusalem In 1939, the Nazi regime's plans for redrawing the demographic map of Eastern Europe entailed the expulsion of millions of Jews. By the fall of 1941, these plans had shifted from expulsion to systematic and total mass murder of all Jews within the Nazi grasp. The Origins of the Final Solution is the most detailed and comprehensive analysis ever written of what took place during this crucial period-of how, precisely, the Nazis' racial policies evolved from persecution and "ethnic cleansing" to the Final Solution of the Holocaust. Focusing on the months between the German conquest of Poland in September 1939-which brought nearly two million additional Jews under Nazi control-and the beginning of the deportation of Jews to the death camps in the spring of 1942, Christopher R. Browning describes how Poland became a laboratory for experiments in racial policies, from expulsion and decimation to ghettoization and exploitation under local occupation authorities. He reveals how the subsequent attack on the Soviet Union opened the door for an immense radicalization of Nazi Jewish policy-and marked the beginning of the Final Solution. Meticulously documenting the process that led to this fatal development, Browning shows that Adolf Hitler was the key decision-maker throughout, approving major escalations in Nazi persecution of the Jews at victory-induced moments of euphoria. Thoroughly researched and lucidly written, this groundbreaking work provides an essential chapter in the history of the Holocaust.
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Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Contents; List of Illustrations; Preface; 1. Background; 2. Poland, Laboratory of Racial Policy; Abdication of the Army; Racial Policy and Terror; 3. The Search for a Final Solution through Expulsion, 1939-1941; Eichmann and the Nisko Plan; The Baltic Germans, the First Short-Range Plan, and the Warthegau Deportations; The Curbing of Nazi Deportation Plans, January-February 1940; The Intermediate Plan, the Stettin Deportations, and the Volhynian Action, February-July 1940; The Army, from Abdication to Complicity; The Madagascar Plan

The Last Spasms of Expulsion Policy, Fall 1940-Spring 19414. The Polish Ghettos; Ghettoization; Exploitation; Production or Starvation, the Ghetto Managers' Dilemma; 5. Germany and Europe; Racial Persecution inside Germany, 1939-1941; The Nazi Sphere of Influence; 6. Preparing for the "War of Destruction"; Military Preparations for the "War of Destruction"; Preparations of the ss; Economic and Demographic Preparations for "Operation Barbarossa" (by Christopher R. Browning and Jürgen Matthäus); 7. Operation Barbarossa and the Onset of the Holocaust, June-December 1941

German Perceptions and Expectations Regarding "the East"Early Anti-Jewish Measures and the Mid-July Turning Point; Pogroms and Collaboration; Toward the Final Solution, August-December 1941; The Final Solution in the East; 8. From War of Destruction to the Final Solution; Euphoria of Victory and Decision Making, July-October 1941; Consternation and Anticipation; Inventing the Extermination Camp; 9. The Final Solution from Conception to Implementation, October 1941-March 1942; Deportations from Germany, the First and Second Waves; Integrating the Bureaucracy into the Final Solution

The Gassing Begins10. Conclusion; Hitler and the Decision-Making Process in Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939-March 1942; Germans and the Final Solution; Notes; Bibliography; Comprehensive History of the Holocaust series

Published by the University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, and Yad Vashem, Jerusalem In 1939, the Nazi regime's plans for redrawing the demographic map of Eastern Europe entailed the expulsion of millions of Jews. By the fall of 1941, these plans had shifted from expulsion to systematic and total mass murder of all Jews within the Nazi grasp. The Origins of the Final Solution is the most detailed and comprehensive analysis ever written of what took place during this crucial period-of how, precisely, the Nazis' racial policies evolved from persecution and "ethnic cleansing" to the Final Solution of the Holocaust. Focusing on the months between the German conquest of Poland in September 1939-which brought nearly two million additional Jews under Nazi control-and the beginning of the deportation of Jews to the death camps in the spring of 1942, Christopher R. Browning describes how Poland became a laboratory for experiments in racial policies, from expulsion and decimation to ghettoization and exploitation under local occupation authorities. He reveals how the subsequent attack on the Soviet Union opened the door for an immense radicalization of Nazi Jewish policy-and marked the beginning of the Final Solution. Meticulously documenting the process that led to this fatal development, Browning shows that Adolf Hitler was the key decision-maker throughout, approving major escalations in Nazi persecution of the Jews at victory-induced moments of euphoria. Thoroughly researched and lucidly written, this groundbreaking work provides an essential chapter in the history of the Holocaust.

Description based upon print version of record.

Reviews provided by Syndetics

Library Journal Review

Browning (history, Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill) argues that while the Nazis' effort to find a Final Solution to their self-created Jewish Question was inherent in their ideology, we cannot understand Hitler's policy as a linear process from Mein Kampf to Auschwitz. Browning examines how Hitler's racial and political vision moved from a desire to create a "Jew-free" Germany toward mass slaughter throughout Nazi-dominated Europe. The critical period, according to Browning, was between September 1939 and March 1942, when Nazi policy underwent a process of "radicalization," brought on primarily by Nazi military success. Although German and Polish Jews suffered first, it was the mass extermination of Soviet Jews, beginning in summer 1941, that provided the final push for a general European-wide massacre. While Hitler provided ideological impetus to the reorganization of the demographic map of Europe, Browning demonstrates that his subordinates attempted to translate his political and racial visions into concrete actions. As Browning argues, "If one wants to know what Hitler was thinking, one should look at what [Reichfuher-SS and police chief administrator Heinrich] Himmler was doing." Just as important is Browning's analysis of the role of bureaucrats, eugenicists, and technicians, who realized that advancement meant implementing Hitler's ideological goals. Browning's volume is essential reading for all students of the Shoah. [History Book Club main selection.-Ed.]-Frederic Krome, Jacob Rader Marcus Ctr. of the American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

CHOICE Review

Browning (Univ. of North Carolina) is a leading authority on the Nazi decision to annihilate European Jewry. His book is part of a multi-volume comprehensive history of the Holocaust, in which the author focuses on the period between September 1939 and March 1942, when the Nazis liquidated the Polish ghettos and commenced gassing Jews in Belzec. An advocate of the "functionalist" view of the Holocaust, Browning rejects the contention that the Nazi leadership sought from the start to murder Europe's Jews (the "internationalist" argument), but attempted a territorial solution, in which Jews would be deported beyond Nazi-occupied Europe. After the failures of first the Lublin Plan and, later, the Madagascar scheme, the Nazis considered deporting Jews to territory in the Soviet Union, once that nation was conquered. Browning argues that the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 and the subsequent brutality of the campaign led to a radicalization of Nazi Jewish policy and the extermination of European Jewry. The prodigious scholarship and comprehensive bibliography that inform this volume makes it indispensable for understanding the origins of the Final Solution. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. J. Fischel emeritus, Millersville University

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Christopher R. Browning is Frank Porter Graham Professor of History at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill. He is the author of numerous books on Nazism and the Holocaust, including Nazi Policy, Jewish Workers, German Killers and Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland .

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