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The Other Great Migration : The Movement of Rural African Americans to Houston, 1900-1941

By: Pruitt, Bernadette.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Sam Rayburn Series on Rural Life, sponsored by Texas A&M University-Commerce: Publisher: College Station : Texas A&M University Press, 2013Description: 1 online resource (482 p.).ISBN: 9781623490034.Subject(s): African Americans -- Texas -- Houston -- Social conditions -- 20th century | African-Americans -- Texas -- Houston -- Migrations -- History -- 20th century | Community development -- Texas -- Houston -- History -- 20th century | Houston (Tex.) -- Race relations -- History -- 20th century | Houston (Tex.) -- Social conditions -- 20th century | Migration, Internal -- Texas -- Houston -- History -- 20th century | Rural-urban migration -- Texas -- Houston -- History -- 20th centuryGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: The Other Great Migration : The Movement of Rural African Americans to Houston, 1900-1941DDC classification: 305.896 | 305.89607307641411 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Front Cover; Title Page; Contents; Foreword; Preface; Introduction; Chapter One. Pulling Up the Stakes: The Great Migration to Houston, 1900-1930; Chapter Two. Building a City: Migrant Settlements in Houston, 1900-1941; Chapter Three. Beautiful People: Agency in Houston, 1900-1941; Chapter Four. "That Was Their Protection and Safeguard": Houston's "New Negro," 1917-1941; Chapter Five. In "The Garden of Eden": The Houston Renaissance, 1900-1941; Chapter Six. The Black Economy at Work: Wage Earners, Professionals, Economic Crisis, and the Origins of the Second Great Migration, 1900-1941
Conclusion: New Beginnings, New Institutions, New MigrationsNotes; Bibliography; Index; Back Cover
Summary: The twentieth century has seen two great waves of African American migration from rural areas into the city, changing not only the country's demographics but also black culture. In her thorough study of migration to Houston, Bernadette Pruitt portrays the move from rural to urban homes in Jim Crow Houston as a form of black activism and resistance to racism.Between 1900 and 1950 nearly fifty thousand blacks left their rural communities and small towns in Texas and Louisiana for Houston. Jim Crow proscription, disfranchisement, acts of violence and brutality, and rural poverty pushed them from their homes; the lure of social advancement and prosperity based on urban-industrial development drew them. Houston's close proximity to basic minerals, innovations in transportation, increased trade, augmented economic revenue, and industrial development prompted white families, commercial businesses, and industries near the Houston Ship Channel to recruit blacks and other immigrants to the city as domestic laborers and wage earners.Using census data, manuscript collections, government records, and oral history interviews, Pruitt details who the migrants were, why they embarked on their journeys to Houston, the migration networks on which they relied, the jobs they held, the neighborhoods into which they settled, the culture and institutions they transplanted into the city, and the communities and people they transformed in Houston.
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Item type Current location Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
Online
F394 .H89 N48 2013 (Browse shelf) http://uttyler.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1501725 Available EBL1501725

Front Cover; Title Page; Contents; Foreword; Preface; Introduction; Chapter One. Pulling Up the Stakes: The Great Migration to Houston, 1900-1930; Chapter Two. Building a City: Migrant Settlements in Houston, 1900-1941; Chapter Three. Beautiful People: Agency in Houston, 1900-1941; Chapter Four. "That Was Their Protection and Safeguard": Houston's "New Negro," 1917-1941; Chapter Five. In "The Garden of Eden": The Houston Renaissance, 1900-1941; Chapter Six. The Black Economy at Work: Wage Earners, Professionals, Economic Crisis, and the Origins of the Second Great Migration, 1900-1941

Conclusion: New Beginnings, New Institutions, New MigrationsNotes; Bibliography; Index; Back Cover

The twentieth century has seen two great waves of African American migration from rural areas into the city, changing not only the country's demographics but also black culture. In her thorough study of migration to Houston, Bernadette Pruitt portrays the move from rural to urban homes in Jim Crow Houston as a form of black activism and resistance to racism.Between 1900 and 1950 nearly fifty thousand blacks left their rural communities and small towns in Texas and Louisiana for Houston. Jim Crow proscription, disfranchisement, acts of violence and brutality, and rural poverty pushed them from their homes; the lure of social advancement and prosperity based on urban-industrial development drew them. Houston's close proximity to basic minerals, innovations in transportation, increased trade, augmented economic revenue, and industrial development prompted white families, commercial businesses, and industries near the Houston Ship Channel to recruit blacks and other immigrants to the city as domestic laborers and wage earners.Using census data, manuscript collections, government records, and oral history interviews, Pruitt details who the migrants were, why they embarked on their journeys to Houston, the migration networks on which they relied, the jobs they held, the neighborhoods into which they settled, the culture and institutions they transplanted into the city, and the communities and people they transformed in Houston.

Description based upon print version of record.

Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

The story of the great migration is most often told as one of southern rural African Americans moving to northern cities. The migrations were also within the South. The history of African American migration to Houston is important. Through detailed biographical sketches, oral histories, newspapers, and census records, as well as a thorough reading of the secondary literature, Pruitt (Sam Houston State Univ.) re-creates the migration of thousands of Texas and Louisiana African Americans to Houston. The reproduction of photographs depicting migrant life strengthens the narrative. The story parallels that of migrants to northern cities. Motivated by harsh rural social and economic conditions, migrants moved to Houston, often in small transitory steps, before making the move permanent. In Houston, the migrants congregated in segregated black communities centered on social organizations, churches, schools, small black businesses, and an often thriving arts community. The last was community building, but also a source of civil rights protest. For its many strengths, this book suffers from more than an occasional unsupported generalization, redundancy, and a conclusion that is more of an introduction to the migrations that followed than a conclusion to the book at hand. Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate students, researchers, and faculty. T. F. Armstrong Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, UAE

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